תמונות בעמוד
PDF
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

pediment and porrico of four columns, of the Dorick order; the whole entablature of which, runs quite round the building. The two offices are placed as wings, one on each side the portico, and connected with the body of the building fo as to form two half-pediments proceeding from the lower part of the entablature. The east-front consists of a plain Dorick pediment, supported by a rustic arcade of three arches, in the recesses of which, are placed three Venetian windows, after the Dorick order. The outlide of the whole building is ruílick work, and stands on a balo five feet from the ground, and the entrance is by a flight of steps the whole width of the portico.

In the year 1747, Abraham Redwood, Esq; gave 1294 volumes, valued at f.500 sterling, as the foundation of a library in Newport. Several other valuable donations were afterwards given. These hooks were depofited in the above-described edifice, which was erected for the purpose of receiving them. A number of gentlemen were incorporated into a body politic by the name of the Company of the Redwood Library,' with power to choose annually eight directors, a treasurer, secretary and libra. rian. This elegant building is now much out of repair, and one-third of the books in the library were either carried off, or destroyed by the British during the war."

Providence is situated on Providence river, about thirty miles north-west of Newport, in latitude 41° 51' north. It is at present by far the most fourishing town in the State. It contains 7co houses, and upwards of 4300 inhabitants. Its public buildings are a college, an elegant church for Baptifts, two for Congregationalists, besides others for other denominations. This town carries on a large foreign trade, and an extensive and gainful traffic with the surrounding country. The town is situated on both sides of the river, and is connected by a commodious bridge.

The inhabitants of Providence, the last year, manufactured 100,000 yards of cloth more than in any year since the peace. This cloth, at a moderate valuation, will amount to 20,000 dollars.

This town, and Newport, and a few others, have, from the first, firmly opposed the late iniquitous measures of their infatuated legislature.

Bristol is a pleasant little town, about fixteen miles north of Newport, on the Main. It has an excellent foil, and is alınost as remarkable for the production of onions, as Wethersfield in Connecticut.

Fishes. In the rivers and bays are plenty of sheeps-head, black-fish, herring, fhad, lobiters, oyiters and clains, and around the Mores of RhodeIlland, besides those already mentioned, are cod, halibut, mackerel, bass, haddock, &c. &c. to the amount of more than seventy different kinds, so that in the seasons of tifh, the markets are alive with them. Travellers are agreed that Newport furnishes the best fith market in the world.

Religion.] The conftitution of the state admits of no religious establim. ments, any further than depends upon the voluntary choice of individuals. All men professing one Supreme Being, are equally protected by the laws, and no particular feet can claim pre-eminence. This unlimited liberty in religion is one principal cause why there is such a variety of religious fets in Rhode-Inand. The baptitts are the most numerous of any deno. mination in the state. In 1981 they biad thirty congregations. These,

as

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

moft

most respectable characters in the state. By the charter, the corporation of the college consists of two separate branches, by the name of the Truftees and Fellows of Rhode-Inand college *, with distinct, feparate and respective powers. The number of trustees is thirty-lix, of whom twenty-two are of the denomination called baptists, five of the denomination of friends, five episcopalians, and tour congregationalists. The same proportion of the different denominations to continue in perpetuum. The number of the fellows (inclusive of the president, who is a fellow ex officio) is twelve, of whom eight are baptifts, the others chosen indiscriminately from any denomination of protestants. The concurrence of both branches, by a majority of each, is necessary for the validity of any act, except adjudging and conferring degrees, which exclusively belongs to the fellowship as a learned faculty. The prelijent must be a baptift, professors and other officers of instruction are not limited to any particular denomination. There is annually a general meeting of the corporation, on the first Wednesday in September, at which time the public commencement is held.

This inftitution was founded at Warren, in the county of Bristol, and the first commencement held there in 1769, at which time seven persons; alumni of the college, received the degrees of Bachelor of Arts.

In the year 1770, the college was removed to Providence, where a large, elegant building was erected for its accommodation, by the generous donations of individuals, mostly from the town of Providence. It is situated on a hill to the east of the town; and while its elevated situation renders it delightful, by commanding an extensive, variegated prospect, it furn:lhes it with a pure falubrious air. The edifice is of brick, fousmito. ries high, 150 feet long, and 46 wide, with a projection of ten feet each side. It has an entry lengthways, with rooms on each side. There are forty eight rooms fer the accommodation of students, and eight larger ones for public uses. The roof is covered with llate.

From December 1776, to June 1782, the college edifce was used by the French and American troops for an hospital and barracks, so that the course of education was interrupted during that period. No degrees were conferred from 1776 to 1786. From 1786 the college again became regular, and is now very flourishing, containing upwards of fixty students.

This institution is under the instruction of a president, a professor of natural and experimental philosophy, a professor of mathematics and aftronomy, a professor of natural history, and three tutors. The several classes are instructed in the learned languages, and the various arts and sciences. The sludies of the freihman year, are the Latin and Greek languages, English grammar and rhetoric. Of the fopl:imore, Guthrie's geography, Ward's arithmetic, Hammond's algebra, Sheridan's rhetori. cal grammar, and lectures on elocution, Watts's logick, and Cicero de Oratore. Of the junior, Horace, Kaim's elements of criticism, Euclid's elements, Atkinson's epitome, Love's surveying, Martin's grammar, Philosophia Britannica, and Ferguson's astronomy. Of the senior, Lu

* This name to be altered when any generous Benefaflor arises, who by his liberal donation shall entitle himself to the honour of giving the college a name.

[ocr errors][merged small]
« הקודםהמשך »