« הקודםהמשך »
Bridges.] The principal bridge in this state, or in any of the United States, is that which was built over Charles river, between Bofon and Charlelion, in 1786.
The following is an accurate description of this convenient and handsome itructure :
Space to the first pier, -
Piers at equal diitance,
other, to illuminate it when necessary. There are four strong stone wharfs, connected with three piers each, funk in various parts of the river.
The draw is constructed on the most approved plan; the machinery is very simple; and it is designed to require the strength of two men only in raising it. The floor on the bridge at the highest tides, is four feet above the water, which generally rises about twelve or fourteen feet.
This bridge was completed in thirteen months : and while it exhibits the greatest effect of private enterprize within the United States, is a most pleasing proof, how certainly objects of magnitude may be attained by spirited exertions.
Another bridge, of a similar construction, has been erected over Mystic river at Malden; and another is now building at Beverly, which will connect that flourishing little town with Salem. These are works of much enterprize, ingenuity and public spirit; and serve to thew that architecture, in this state, has risen to a high pitch of improvement. It is a confideration not unworthy of being here noticed, that while many other nations are wasting the brilliant efforts of genius in monuments of ingenious folly, to perpetuate their pride; the Americans, according to the true spirit of republicanism, are employed almost entirely in works of public and private utility.
* New England rum is distilled from molaffes imported from the Weft Indies. It may be a question worthy of confideration, whether the molaffes which is annually distilled in New England, by being mixed with waur, would not af.
ford a drink cheaper, more palatable, and more nourishing, than that which is 'made from the rum distilled from it, and treble in quanity? If so, all the labour and expence of dijlillation might be spared, and converted to more uje full, and perhaps to more lucrative manufactural or agricultural purposes. Namu England rum is by no means a wholesome liquor. Dr. Douglass has offeried, • That it has killed more Indians than their wars and sicknejjes. It does not Spare white people, especially when made into flip, which is rum mixed with small beer and Muscovado jugar.'