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Soil and Productions. On the sea.coast, and many places inland, the foil is fandy, but affords good pasturage. The intervals at the foot of the inountains are greatly enriched by the freshers which bring down the foil upon them, forming a fine mould, and producing corn, grain, and herbage in the most luxuriant plenty. The back lands, which have been culii. vated, are generally very fertile, and produce the various kinds of grain, fruits, and vegetables, which are common to the cher parts of NewEngland. The uncultivated lands are covered with extensive forests of pine, fir, cedar, oak, walnut, &c.
Manufutures.] As this state is the living magazine of masts and naval timber, and affords every other material necessary for ship-building, that business may here be carried on extensively, and to rery great advantage. Inderd much was done in this way before the war. A number of mer. chant reficls, and some frigates were built annually, and sold in Europe, and in the time of the war, a ferenty-four gun fhip was built at Portlmouth. Since the peace, this business has been revived.
Tral.] The principal trade of New Hampshire was formerly to the West India fugar-islands, to which they exported all the various kinds of lumber-Hortes, cattle, sheep, poultry, falted provisions, pot and pearl alhes, dried fish, &c and received in return, rum, fugar, molasses, cocoa, &c. Their ships were usually sent to the West India islands for freight to Europe, or to the Bay of Honduras, for logwood; and from thence to Europe, where they were sold. They also exported mafts, yards, and Ipass for the roval navy of Great-Britain.
Population, Character, 6:.] No actual census of the inhabitants has been lately made in the Convention at Philadelphia, in 1787, they were reckoned at 102,000.
There is no characierifical difference between the inhabitants of this and the other New-England States. The ancient inhabitants of New.. Hampthire were emigrants from England. Their pofterity, mixed with emigrants from Mafiachusetts, fill the lower and middle towns.
Emigrants from Connecticut compose the largest part of the inhabitants of the western towns, adjoining Connecticut river. Slaves there are none, Negroes, who were never numerous in New Hampshire, are all free by the firit article of the bill of rights.
Jlands. The Ines of Shoals are the only islands in the sea, belonging to New-Hampfire. They are convenient for the Cod-fishery, which " as formerly carried on there to great advantage, but the people are now few and poor.
Leidiens.) There are no Indians in the state. The scattered remains of forner tribes, retired to Canada many years since.
Carpiction. The Constitution of the state which was adopted in 1784, i takon, al noii verbatim, from that of Massachusetts. The principal dif. ferences, except such as acise from local circumstances, are the following: 'I he išiles of the Constitucions, and of the supreme magiftrates in each ftate, are different. In one it is ·GOVERNOR of the COMMONWEALTH of haifachutirts,' in the other, · PRESIDENT of the STATE of New-Hamp
never been altered, but is, at present, the divisional line between the two states. Douglass mentions, · That the governor of Malachusetts, for many years, was also governor of New Hampshire, with a distinct commiffion. This must have been many years after New-Hampshire had been erected into a separate government in 1679. He adds that NewHampshire entered a complaint to the king in council against the joint governor, relative to settling the boundaries between the two provinces. This complaint was judged by the king to have been well founded, and • therefore a separate governor for New Hampshire was commissioned anno 1740.
Although New Hampshire was under the jurisdiction of the governor of Massachusetts, yet they had a separate legislature. They ever bore a proportionable share of the expences and levies in all enterprizes, expediiiuns, and military exertions, whether planned by the colony or the crown. In every stage of the opposition that was made to the encroachments of the British parliament, the people, who ever had a high sense of liberty, cheerfully bore their part. At the commencement of hoftilities, indeed, while their council was appointed by royal mondamns, their patriotic ardour was checked by these crown officers. But when freed from this reftraint, they flew eagerly to the America:: standard when the voice of their country declared for war, and their troops had a large share of the hazard and fatigue, as well as of the glory of accomplishing the late revolution.