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. On the roth of Sept. this year, the king granted to Sir William Alexander a patent of all the tract of country bounded by a line drawn from Cape Sables to the Bay of St. Mary; thence to the river St. Croix, thence north to Canada river--down the river to Gachepe; thence fouth-east to Cape-Breton Island and Cape-Breton; thence round to Cape Sables; with all seas and isands within fix leagues of the western and eastern parts, and within forty leagues fouthward of Cape-Breton and Cape-Sables; to be called Nova Scotia.
The first duel in New-England, was fought with sword and dagger between two servants. Neither of them were killed, but both were wounded, For this disgraceful offence, they were formally tried before the whole company, and sentenced to have their • heads and feet tied together, and so to be twenty-four hours without meat or drink.' Such, however, was the painfulness of their situation, and their piteous intreaties to be released, that, upon promise of better behaviour in future, they were soon released by the governor. Such was the origin, and such, I may almoft venture to add, was the termination of the odious practice of duelling in New-Eng. land, for there have been very few duels fought there fince. The true me. thod of preventing crimes is to render them disgraceful. Upon this principle, can there be invented a punishment better calculated to exterminate this criminal practice, than the one already mentioned ? · In 1622, Mr. Weston fent over a colony, which attempted a settlement at Weymouth. But they being a set of rude, profane fellows, regardless of justice, provoked the Indians by stealing their corn, and other abuses, to become their enemies, and occafioned much trouble both to themselves and the Plymouth settlers. At length the Indians entered into a conspiracy to deftroy the settlement, and would have effected it, had it not been for the interposition of their Plymouth friends. Such, however, was the reduced state of the colony, and their danger from the natives, that they thought it prudent to break up the settlement; which they did in March 1623, and afterwards returned to England.
This year (1622) died Squanto the friend of the English, who merits to have his name perpetuated in history. Squanto was one of the twenty Indians whom Hunt perfidiously carried to Spain *; whence he came to London, and afterwards to his native country with the Plymouth colony. Forgetting the perfidy of those who made him a captive, he became a warm friend to the English, and continued so to the day of his death. A few days before he died, he desired the governor to pray that he might go to the Englishman's God in heaven. He gave the few articles he potlerred to several of his English friends as remembrances of his love. · We have already mentioned that Mr. Carver was elected governor of the colony immediately after their arrival. He died the 5th of April following. His loss was most sensibly felt, and sincerely lamented. He was a man of great piety, and indefatigable in his endeavours to advance the interest and happiness of the colony. Mr. William Bradford was soon after chosen to succeed him in office. This gentleman, by renewed elections, was continued in office until he died in 1657, except in 1633, 1636 and 1644, when Edward Winslow was chosen, and 1634, wiren Thomas Prince
* See Page 28.