« הקודםהמשך »
Immediately after the interment of the corpse, the members of the Cin. cinnati held a meeting in Savannah, and resolved, " That in token of the high respect and veneration in which the society hold the memory of their late illustrious brother, Major-General Greene, dcceased, George Washington Greene, his eldest son, be admitted a member of this society, to take his feat on his arriving at the age of eighteen years. This son of the General's lately embarked for France, to receive his education with George Washington, son of the Marquis de la Fayette, that active and illustrious friend of America.
General Greene left behind him a wife and five children, the eldest of whom, who has been juft mentioned, is about thirteen years old.
On Tuesday, the i 2th of August, the United States in Congress assembled came to the following resolution : « That a monument be erected to the memory of Nathaniel Greene, Esq. at the seat of federal government, with the following inscription :
Sacred to the Memory of
who departed this Life,
in Honour of his
have erected this monument.
misfortunes. • Hitherto,' said he, in the true spirit of patriotism, I • have only cherished your cause---Now I am going to serve it. The • lower it is in the opinion of the people, the greater will be the effect of • my departure; and since you cannot get a vellc!, I thall purchase and • fit out one to carry your dispatches to Congress and myself to America.' He accordingly embarked and arrived at Charleston early in the year 1777. Congress soon conferred on him the rank of najor-general. He accepted the appointment, but not without exacting two condicions, which dif. played the elevation of his spirit: the one, that he fould serve on his own expence ; the other, that he should begin his fervices as a volunteer.
He was soon appointed to command an expedition to Canada. The plan was to cross the lakes on the ice; the object, to seize Montreal and St. John's. He was now at the age of twenty, and inuft have keenly experienced the allurements of independent command; but his cool judge ment, and honeft heart, restrained him from indulging a passion for military fame, under circumstances that might have injured the cause which he had so zealoully espoused. He found that, in case of his proceeding, the army under his command would be in danger of experiencing a fate fimilar to that of the unfortunate Burgoyne. With a boldness of judgment, that would have done honor to the most experienced general, and without advancing beyond Albany, he relinquished the expedition. Soon after, he received the thanks of Congress for his prudence.
In the four campaigns which succeeded the arrival of the marquis de la Fayette in America, he gave repeated proofs of his military talents, in the middle and eastern ftates; but the events that took place under his command in Virginia, deserve particular notice.
Early in the year 1781, while the war raged to the southward of Virginia, the marquis de la Fayette was detached on an expedition against Portsmourh; but here his active zeal received a check, no less fatal to his hopes than when he was obliged to relinquish the expedition to Canada. The engagement near the capes of the Chesapeek, between the French chef d'escadre d'Estouches, and the British admiral Arbuthnot, which took place on the fifth of March, 1781, defeated the enterprise. Upon this event, he marched back to the Head of Elk, where he received an order from General Washington to return to Virginia, to oppose General Philips, who had joined General Arnold at Portsmouth. Although the troops under his command were in want of almoft every thing, he nevertheless proceeded with them to Baltimore. Here he learned that General Philips was urging preparations to embark at Portsmouth, with upwards of three thouland men. With the Marquis de la Favette it was a moment of extreme distress and embarrassment. In his whole command, there was not one pair of shoes; but the love and confidence he had universaily excited, enabled him to obtain a loan of money, which procured him foine necessaries for his troops, and gave renewed vigor to his march. he supposed Richmond to be the object of General Philips, and therefore marched thither with so great expedition, that he arrived at that place the evening before General Philips. He was joined the first night after his arrival by Major-General Baron Steuben, with a corps of militia. In this manner was the capital of Virginia, at that time hilled with almoit
NE W EN GL AN D.
THE states east of New York, were formerly called the New-Enge
1 land Colonies : They are still known by the general name of NewEngland. Several things are common to them all. Their religion, manners, customs, and character; their climate, foil, productions, natural history, &c. are in many respects similar. Many of the historical events which took place in their setilement, and in their progress until the year 1692, are intimately connected. These considerations have led to the following general description of New-England.
As the territory of Vermont was included in some of the original patents granted by the Plymouth Company, and was settled wholly from New-England, it is considered as a part of it, and included in the followe ing account.
Face of the country, mountains, &c.] New-England is a high, hilly, and in some parts a mountainous country, formed by nature to be inhabited by a hardy race of free, independent republicans. -The mountains are comparatively small, running nearly north and south in ridges parallel to each other. Between these ridges, flow the great rivers in majeitic meanders, receiving the innumerable rivulets and larger streams which proceed from the mountains on each side. To a spectator on the top of a neighbouring mountain, the vales between the ridges, while in a state of nature, exhibit a romantic appearance. They seem an ocean of woods, swelled and depressed in its surface like that of the great ocean itself. A richer, though less romantic view, is presented, when the vallies, by industrious husbandmen, have been cleared of their natural growth; and the fruit of their labour appears in loaded orchards, extensive meadows, covered