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DIRECTIONS FOR THE BINDER.
The MAP of the Southern States to front the TITLE.
TABLE of Distances between the principal Towns in America
Sun and Diameters | Distance from Annual periods
+ Sun 0 890,000
y. d. h. 1,828,911,000,000 Mercury 8 3,000 36,841,468 • 87 23
21,236,800 Venus P 9,330 68,891,4860 224 17 691,361,300 Earth o! 7,970 195,173,000 1 0 0
199,859,860 Mars á 5,400 145,014,148 1 321 17
62,038,240 Jupiter 41
94,000 494,990,976 1 314 18 20,603,970,000 Saturn 51
78,000 907,956,130 29 174 0 14,102,562,000 Herschel | 36,000 11800,000,0001 82 34 0 1 7,577,496,000
* From aftron, a far; and nomos, the law or rule.
Of the EARTH. H AVING taken a cursory view of the heavenly bodies, we proceed 11 to give a more particular account of the planet which we inhabit.
The Earth, though called a globe, is not perfectly round, but is widened at the equator, and flattened at the poles; so that its diameter from eart to weit, is about thirty miles longer than from north to south. Its figure is an oblate spheroid. It moves round the fun once in a year. This is called the earth's annual motion, to which we are indebted for the difference in the length of the days and nights, and for the variety in the seasons. The diameter of the earth's orbit, is 190,346,000 miles. And since the circumference of a circle, is to its diameter, as 355 is to 113, the circumference of the earth's orbit is 597,987,646 miles, And as the earth de
* Magellan failed from Seville in Spain, under the auspices of Charles V. icth of Anguji, 1519; and having dijcovered the Magellanic Streights in South America, he crossed the Pacific Ocean, and arrived at the Philippine IJlands where he was poisoned. His ship returned by way of the Cape of Good Hope, 8th September 1522.
Sir Francis Drake failed from Plymouth, 13th December 1577-entered the Pacific Ocean, and jicering pound America, returned November 3d, 1580. He was a man of great generosity. The booty which he took, and even the wedges of gold given him in return for his presents to Indian chiefs, he divided in just proportional shares with the common failors.
Thomas Cavendish failed from Plymouth, with two small ships, the ift of Auguft, 1586—passed through the Streights of Magellan-took many rich prizes along the confts of Chili and Peru; and near California polled himself of the St. Aunan Acapulco ship, with a cargo of immenje value. He completed the circumnavigation of the globe the gth of September, 1588. · Between the years 1598 and 1626, Oliver de Nort, of Utrecht, James Mahu, George Spillenberger, a Fleming, William Schouten, a Hollander, and Jaines the Hermit, lucer/lively failed round the globe. * Lord Anson failed in September, 1740_doubled Cape Horn in a dangerous Jeafonloft most of his men by the scuri'y', and with only one remaining ship, the Centurion, crolled the Great Pacific Ocean, which is 10,000 miles over took a Spanish galleon, on her pasage from Acapulco to Manilla, and returned home in June 1744.
Byron--Bouganville, a Frenchman-Wallis and Carteret, successively circumnavigated the globe, between the years 1764 and 1769.
Captain Cook, in the ship Erdeavour, failed from Plymouth the 26th of August, 1768, and after a most satisfactory voyage, returned the 12th of June, 1771. He set out on a second voyage the 14th of February, 1776—-made many important discoveries, and was killed on the island of Owhyhee by the natives, the 14th of February, 1779. His ships under the command of Captain Clerk, returned the 16th of October, 1780.