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so many Ferdousi, a little kingdoms. Persian Matilda, daugh- poet. ter of Boniface, Roscellin. duke of Tus- John the phicany, leaves all losopher. her possessions John Curoto the church of palata, one Rome, in con of the Bysequence of her zantine hiss passionate attorians. tachment to Hildebrand, otherwise known by the papalit name of Gregory VII. with whom she lived in a licentious
commerce. Sicily, Castile,
Οι εταίροις gundy. Several of the popes are looked
andals upon as magicians, as, in these times of darkness, learning, and more especially philosophy and mathematics, were considered as magic.
NG Investitures in
troduced in this century. Papal tyranny
is nobly opposed by the emperors Henry I. II. and III.
ge by William I. king of England, LA and other mon
England. Ethelred II.
1016) Edmond Ironside
1017 Canute the
Emperors of Pascal II. Anselm Gilbert, ab- The Bogo-The Sclavonians Anselm of the East.
1109 botof West- miles and and the inhabi- Laon. A.D. Anti-Popes, Ralph 1122 minster. Catharists tants of the is- Vacarius. Alexis I. Clement, William de Guibert, were a kind land of Rugen Leoninus,
Compen. Albert, Corhoil Sigebert of of Mani- receive the light the sup1118] Theodore,
1130 Gemblours. cheans. of the Gospel, posed introJohn II, and Ma. Theobald Peter Al The Pasagi- and their ex. ducer of Comnen. ginulph.
1161 phonso. nians were ample is follow. Latin 1143 Gelasius II. Thomas Odo of Or- a kind of ed by the Li-rhymes. Emanuel
1119 Becket leans. Arians, who vonians and Fin- Roger HoveComnen. Calistus II. 1170 Godfrey of also discu-l landers.
The state of af. Juhn of Saa Alexis II. Honorius II. 1183 Rupert of strange at. fairs in Asiatic lisbury. Connen. 1130 Baldwin Duitz. tachment
Tartary changes William of 1183) Innocent II. 1191 Baldric. to the cere-l in favor of the MalmesAndronicus
1113 Reginald Arnulph, monial law Christians, byl bury. Comnen. Celestine 11. Fitz-Jocelin bishop
of of Moses. the elevation of John Zona. 1185 1144 1191 Lisieux. Eon, a mad. Prester-John.
ras. Isaac II. Lucius II. Hubert Fitz Bernard of man, rather The Crusade is George Ce. Ang. 119)
1145 Walter. Clairval. than a he renewed. drenus, Alexis Ill. Eugenius
The kingdom of John Cinna, 1153
Jerusalem is mus.
thing may overturned, and Silvester Gia the West. 1154
archbishop be said of the affairs of rald, bishop Adrian IV.
of Cauter. Tranquil the Christians in of St. Da. Henry IV. 11591
Euthymius As to Arnold cline.
Godfrey of III. 1181 1125
Zigab. of Brescia, A third Crusadel Viterbo.
of the Petro- undertaken.
William of Lothaire II. 1185
Malmes brussians, The three famous Newburgh, 1138
Ur Conrad III.
hury. Henricians, military orders an English 1187
Jolin of Sa. Waldenses, instituied, viz. historian. 115% Frederic I. Gregory
lisbury. and Apo- The Knights of Pelagius, VIII. 1188
stulics, if al- St. John of Jeru- bishop of surnamed Clement Ill
Becket, lowance bel salem- The Barbarossa
archbishop made for Knights Tem- John of Mia 1191
of Canter. some few plars—The Teu-l lan, author III. 1199
bury. points, they tonic Knights of of the poem 1198
monk of serve Kings of
the The original MS. la SalerniSpain, i. e.
Canterbury. title of Re- of the famous tana.
Nicephorus formers and Pandect of Jus- Robert of Leon and
of Brienne. Witnesses tinian is dis- Pullein, an Castile.
Anselm, to the Truth, covered in the English car. Alphon:oVI
bishop of than that of ruins of Amal.) dinal.
Havelberg. Here:ics. phi, or Melfi, Abraham
(o. Zonaras. Peter Abe when that city Aben-Ez-
lard and was taken hy ra. Alphonso
Glycas. Gilbert de Lothaire Il. in John and VIII. 1157
Hugo Victo. la Porrée 1137, and this Isaac Sancho III.
rinus. differed 1158
eniperor makes Tzetzes.
Eadınerus. from the no. Ferdinand
a present of it Henry of 1175 11.
George tions com- to the city of Hunting-
re. Pisa, whose fleet dun. Alphonsolx.
Peter, the ceived with had contributed, Nicetas.
Venerable. respect to in a particular Wemer.
Honorius of the Holy manner, to the Moses Kings of
Autun. Trinity success of the Maimoni. France. Foucher. The Albigen- siege.
des. Pbilip I.
ses, a branch The contest be-lAnvari, a
Henry VI. Celestine
Englund. Henry I.
1154 Henry II.
1189 Richard I.
Scotland. Edgar 1106 Alexander
1124 David 2153 Malcolm
IV. 1165 William
of the Wal-tween the em- Persian
the popes ex-Benjamin of
shop of Canter. Jew, whose
bis cathedral, Averroes, or The scandalous Ebn-Zohr,
traffic of indul- Eustathius, gences begun by bishop of the bishops, and Thessasoon after mono- lonica. polized by the Solomon popes.
Jarchi. The Scholastic Al-Hasen,
Theology: an Arabian, whose jargon who did such nis- posed a chief in the large work church, had its on Optics. rise in this cen- George Altury.
orders the Lord's
formed into a
grees introduced in this century. Learning revives of the 17. b
Sweden, Philip 1110 Ingo Iy.
1140 Magnus, de. posed in
1160 Eric, the
Holy 1161 Charles
VII. 1168 Canute 11! 2 Suercher II.