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an end to the delusion : but, even in enlightened times, the most senseless fanaticism will occasionally take possession of weak heads and narrow minds. od Compared with the wild fanaticism of Joanna, the sentiments of Dr. Alexander Tilloch may even seem reasonable He was a philosophical and scientific man, who differed in some respects from the established church. He and his friends assumed the denomination of Christian Dissenters, declaring, at the same time, that they were slaves to no sect, though it was supposed that they entertained opinions similar to those of the Sandemanians. They professed a determination of directing their conduct by the rules and injunctions of the Scriptures, and went so far in the formation of a sect as to appoint two elders for the adıninistration of their spiritual concerns. The death of the vphilosopher, in the year 1825, probably dissolved the association ; for we do not hear of its continuance. -01An attempt to form a religious party at Coventry may here be mentioned, though its features are not so marked ase torentitle it to the distinction of a new sect. The members call themselves Samaritans, and we hope that their philanthropy gives them a just claim to the honor able åppellation. They resemble the Quakers in the plainness of their apparel, in their allowance of female preach eis and their abstinence from oaths; but they seem to lean more to the doctrines of the Methodists than to those af any other sect. - A zealot named Muloch lately endeavoured to create a sect; by exclaiming against the corruptions of Christianity, and proposing such a reform as would, in his opinion, render that religion much more efficacious and salutary than it now is. By drawing the people about him at Oxford, and exhorting them to adopt his opinions and advice, he exposed himself to an attack from the supportbrs of orthodoxy: but the riot had no serious consequences. In his conduct toward the members of his society, he has shown himself to be more influenced by the arbitrary and intemperate spirit of Knox than the conciliatory mildness of Melanchthon

Having thus treated of the established church, and also

noticed the deliberate secessions from its rules and ordinances, we advert to missionary concerns, in which both the orthodox and the heterodox are disposed to concur. Missions had been occasionally undertaken before the current century; but it is only in our times that the attempts of British subjects with that view have assumed a regular and systematic form. The English, for ages, were very slow in the promotion of missionary labors. They thought more of their immediate concerns than of foreign undertakings, and were content with the secure enjoyment of their religion at home, without troubling themselves about the faith or the piety of the rest of the world. Desultory attempts, indeed, were occasionally made for the conversion of the slaves in our colonies, and also of the neigbouring savages; and, after the establishment of the Society for the propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, either zealous and adventurous clergymen, or pious and well-educated laymen, were regularly employed in that salutary work; yet their operations were conducted on a small scale, and the government did not add its energetic weight to the scheme, but merely suffered it to take its course under that nominal encouragement which it derived from a royal charter. A new ebullition of zeal, however, in this cause, appeared before the close of the last century, and it has so far increased in vigor, as to form one of the marked features of the age in which we live. The first stimulus in our time appears to have been given by a mechanic of the name of Carey, and John Thomas, an equally zealous Christian. The former, being strongly inclined to preach the Gospel, had solicited and obtained the honor of ordination among the Baptists; and, at a meeting of his brethren, he proposed a question relative to the practicability of an effective diffusion of evangelical truth among the pagan communities. As the other ministers concurred with him in the affirmative opinion, he went with his family to India, accompanied by his friend, who had already preached to the Hindoos in Bengal. They were afterwards joined by some other missionaries, but were checked in their pinus operations by the British government, and therefore

gladly took refuge in the Danish town of Serampour, where they opened a school, and converted some of the natives to Christianity. The marquis Wellesley at length Sallowed them to travel in those provinces which he governed; but this permission, far from being fully granted, was arbitrarily restricted. The missionaries, however, prosecuted their course without murmuring, and in some measure diminished the number of Pagans. 15 While. Mr. Carey and his associates were thus em. ployed, a scheme of conversion was formed, in the year 1800, on a grand and comprehensive plan by the ministers Cand friends of the established church, and the institution was denominated the Church Missionary Society to Africa and the East," with a proviso that the ostensible limitation of the efforts of its members and missionaries should not bind them to an exclusion of their attempts from any other unoccupied place, which might present a prospect of success to their labors.': The leaders of the society at: first resolved that none but those who had received episcopal ordination should act on these occasions ; but, when it was found difficult to procure a sufficient * number of clerical missionaries, catechists were employed in the propagation of the Christian doctrines and the enforcement of salutary precepts. For the promotion of these objects, pecuniary contributions were earnestly solicited in all parts of the kingdom and of its dependencies; and even the smallest donations were thankfully accepted. During many years, the produce was very inconsiderable, the zeal of the nation not being sufficiently awakened: yet the fund of the society continued to increase,' and its income has enabled it to establish nine grand missions: these are extended over forty-two stations, comprehending 255 schools, in which about 1350 adults and 11,500 children are instructed in religion and the elements of literature. For the use of these pupils and

To this institution, and other schemes calculated for religious purposes, the subjects of the British empire are now more liberal than they ever were before our time. For instance, in the year 1822, they

contributed a sum nearly amounting to 352,0001.-a subscripțion far exceeding the revenues of sonie German principalities. The VOL. VI,

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