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heavens, in bringing forth, and maturing its fruits. For it is reasonable to suppose, that the curses inflicted upon his posterity for their disobedience to God's laws, were likewise felt by Adam in their utmost severity, for that offence of his, which opened the door, and led the way to all other fins and transgressions: And that the hea. vens over his head became brass, and the earth iron — that the land did not yield him her increase, nor the trees of the land yield their fruit *. Nay God exprefly assures Cain, pursuant to the curse which had been denounced, When thou tilleft the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength 1 : Than which what could be more discou. raging? And yet till he must, or perish. · That the seasons were quite irregular, during the whole antediluvian period, I think may be fairly inferred from God's promise to Noah, after the flood; that he would remitt that part of the curse, and grant more settled weather, and
in * Lev. xxvi. 19, 20. parent Gen. iv. 12.
mnore favourable seasons for the time to come. I will not again curse the ground for man's fake. But while the earth remaineth, feed-time and harvest, cold and heat, fummer and winter, and day and night shall not cease *. Shall not cease, or fail to succeed each other in regular order; whence it should seem there had been a failure in this respect before. i i : The severity of the weather after the fall is plainly deducible from the care of the divine providence, in furnishing Adam and Eve with proper cloathing to defend them from it. They had sown fig-leaves together, and made themselves aprons to cover their nakedness, as soon as they became sensible of it: And this was sufficient for that purpose. But they found it to be but a partial and poor expedient to guard them against the inclemency of the air : They wanted some warmer and more comfortable cloathing for their whole bodies. Therefore to assist their helpless
* Gen. viii. 21, 22.
ignorance in this extremity, The Lord God made them coats of skins and cloathed them*: Which, as, on the one hand, it was a manifest indication, that he had not quite cast off these poor wretches, nor totally withdrawn his protection from them ; fo, on the other, we cannot suppose he would have facrificed any of his innocent creatures, to warm these unhappy persons with their fleeces, had they not felt the intenseness of the cold to that degree, as to render it necessary to preserve them from it in some such manner. : : · Thus must the whole face of nature have worn a most melancholy aspect to the pensive beholders, and have become sadly changed, in comparison with what they had so lately experienced it to have been.
* Eden was become a desart, and the land which was as the garden of God, was become a desolate wilderness; dreary, cold, and comfortlefs to dwell in.
* Gen. iii. 21.
Nor was this the whole of this wretched case ; It may be traced yet farther; and there are much deeper vestiges of the effects, which the evil introduced by the fall of man had on the whole inanimate creation, as will appear presently,
CH A P. IV.
The Theory Of The MOUNTAINS.
A S the mountains cover so large a A part of the terrestrial globe, and make so conspicuous a figure in it; they are entitled to a distinct and particular consideration; wherein our subject will lead us to enquire into their cause and origin; and into the time, occasion, and manner of their formation.
There have been three different hypotheses concerning the origin of the mountains. 1. That they are coeval with the creation, which is the most general opi. nion. 2. That they were formed at the time of the deluge. 3. That they were