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· The hillsand mountains were undoubtedly raised to serve many useful andnoble pürposes in the creation: But thefe uses might irot; in its first form and state, be wanted. The mountain's would not be wanted in a temperate state of the air, to skreen and keep off the cold, and nipping blasts of the northern and eastern winds; which is one of the uses assigned for them at present in many countries. Another principal use is, that the long ridges and chains of lofty mountains, being observed generally to run east and west, in the three continents of Europe, Afi, and Africa, at present serve to stop the evagation of the vapours towards the poles; without which impediments, they would all run from the hot countries, and leave them without rain to tefresh them; which they now enjoy in great plenty, at certain seasons of the year, from the mountains condensing the vapours, and turning them into rain ; and by that means, giving origin to springs and rivers ; whereby the regions of the torrid zone become habitable.

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Now this is the very case before us: Neither those, nor any other countries, had any rain in the primitive earth ; the use of it, as we have seen, being supplied another way; and the warm exhalations of the now torrid zone, meeting with no mountains to obstruct their passage towards the polar regions, were at liberty to diffuse a genial heat to such climates as most wanted it ; and to communicate a due temperature of air and weather around the globe *,

This suggests another inference, which may be drawn from the earth's being, in its first state, without rain. If there was no rain, there was of course no frost, or snow; snow being no more than frozen or congealed rain : Nor probably were there any intense colds, nor boisterous winds and tempests ; for the generating of all which, the hills and mountains are adapted, and. now contribute to..

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* But this reasoning is not applicable to the great continent of America, the mountains of which run north and south. Providence hath provided for the salubrity of those climates in another manner.

Nor,

Nor, on the other hand, were there probably any immoderate heats of weather, or scorching sultry regions, nor any inclemency of season, or climate; but a constant calmness, and perpetual serenity of weather, reigned throughout all parts of the earth.

This we may, upon good grounds, conclude was at least the state of paradise. The nakedness of the first pair was not only a token of their perfect innocence and fimplicity; but was moreover a proof of the thorough mildness and warmth of the air; as they required no cloathing to defend them from it; which otherwise would undoubtedly have been originally provided for them; as was done afterwards, when there came to be a necessity for it.

It seems to be but what is consonant to reason, and to our natural notions of the fitness of things; that innocent creatures, newly brought into existence, by the self-moving goodness of the great Creator, should taste of his benignity likewise, in providing .. E 3

suitably

suitably for their supports, in the life he had conferred upon them; with de: sign undoubtedly to make them happy in it-That to this end, they should breath in a pure atmosphere, the air serene; the seasons temperate; and the fruits and juices of the earth, wholesome for their nourishment. sisse

· This is no more than what is agreeable to our notions of the divine attributes. It is indeed no more than is suitable to the description, which is given us of the paradisiacal, state ; and what seems necessary for the support of creatures, calculated for a great longevity, if not for perpetuity, in the state they were placed in, on condition they behaved well in it. .:

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OR THE STATE OF THE EARTH
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AFTER THE FALL. ***

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T HE face of nature, instead of that

chearful look which every thing appeared with, muft have now worn a very dismal aspect; and have been much affected by this catastrophe and the whole earth must have greatly suffered on account of it.

It may feem strange, that when the Almighty had fignified his approbation of all his works in terms of such complacency, he should fo foon make any considerable alterations iti it; and that, fót for the better, but the worse. It may appear no less strange, chát Adam's transgression should affect all the world about him. But the history

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