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he came to pass sentence on the crimi. nals-That, in the scripture-accounts in general, his personal visitation of mankind is often, if not always, attended with some aweful tokens of his presence, especially when he visits in anger - And that. earthquakes, and the like terrible appearances, are set forth in the divine writings as marks of God's anger, and as his fcourges and judgments upon guilty mortals --That they have been looked upon in the same view, by the wiser heathens - That there are probable grounde in nature, for suppofing that the mountains were originally all raised by earthquakes - That there have been several instances in fact of mountains and iflands having been so raised, within knowledge -That there is no other power in nature adequate to the production of them That the force, with which earthquakes act, hath been on fome occasions exhia bited very visibly, and subjected to the examinations of observing men, who have . . .

conveyed conveyed descriptions and accounts of them to posterity; whence may be judged, how prodigiously great it is, beyond what could otherwise be conceived That some very general earthquakes have been felt, that Thook many kingdoms ---and even whole continents - And that therefore an universal earthquake is the more credible -- And that, supposing such a one, ; which would have force sufficient to raise all the mountains of the earth to their present height, yet it would be so far from having any fatal effects, that the bulk of the earth in general would not at all be disturbed or affected by it. Lastly, it hath been shewn, from the opinions of many modern philosophers, which have been recited, that they seem to be coming into this notion, that the mountains in general were originally raised by earthquakes. And from all the foregoing considerations, there seems to be a fair presumption, that they were raised by that, and no other means. "

· If this account of the rise and production of the mountains, at the time, and upon the account, that is here fet forth, appears satisfactory; it furnishes an additional argument for the truth and reality of the fall of man; whence a better estimate may be formed of the effects and consequences of it.

It is not many years, since the literal sense of the Mosaic account of the fall of man was called into question, and made the subject of controverfy *. To what was then offered, by many, in its defence, however sufficient and satisfactory

to all reasonable and unprejudiced per· sons; we have now an argument, before

unthought of - An argument from fact, which appeals to our fenfes; and hath, ever since the time of the unhappy event which caused it, appealed to the senses of all mankind, in all ages, and all parts of the world, to this day; however it

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* See the Historical Sense of the Mosaic Account of the Fall proved and vindicated, 1751.

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hath happened not to have been attended to. If it carries conviction at present, it will make an additional instance, and be a fresh proof, of the growing evidence of revealed religion *.

This is a monument of that great revolution, which, for its antiquity, its permanency, and extent, its grandeur and awefulness, is beyond the possibility of a parallel in this world, because the whole world is occupied by it.

What therefore are we to think of the cause of this fad catastrophe? What sentiments must we have, and what judgment are we to form, of the malignancy of that evil, which thus convulsed the whole frame of nature, and threw it into all this disorder and confusion? Surely this was no light offence, how light foever some may think of it, that was pregnant of so much mischief, and drew after it a train of such dreadful consequences!

* See the Evidence of Christianity deduced from facts, &c.

CHAP

CHAP. V.

OF THE UNIVERSAL DELUGE..

THE phenomenon, which in order of

1 time comes next under consideration, is the universal deluge : The scripture-account of it is as follows ... That all the fountains of the great deep were broken up; and the windows of heaven were opened: And that the rain was upon the earth forty days, and forty nights, in continuance: Whereby the waters increafed greatly, and prevailed exceedingly upon the earth : To that degree, that all the high bills and mountains that were under the whole heaven were covered; to the height of fifteen cubits upwards, or, above the summits of them. This Noah might find by found

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