中論

כריכה קדמית
Yale University Press, 2002 - 366 עמודים
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Written by the Han philosopher Xu Gan (A.D. 170-217), Balanced Discourses is an inquiry into the causes of political breakdown. It provides a unique contemporary account of the social, intellectual, and cosmological factors that Xu Gan identified as having precipitated the demise of the Han order. This edition of Zhonglun (or Balanced Discourses) contains the original Chinese text with annotations and, on facing pages, an English translation also accompanied by annotations.

This collection of essays spans a range of topics, from Confucian cultivation to calendrical calculation. Xu's perspectives are of not only historical but also philosophical interest, for they reveal his belief in a special correlative bond that should exist between names and actualities and his understanding of what happens when that bond is broken. The translator, John Makeham, argues in his introduction that the essays display the same quality of balance that Xu Gan sees as essential to social and political equilibrium.
 

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תוכן

Ordering Learning
3
Establishing Models and Exemplars
17
Cultivating the Fundamental
31
The Way of Humility
51
Valuing Proof
61
Valuing Words
73
The Fundamental Principles of the Arts
85
An Examination of Disputation
97
Distinguishing Between Premature Death and Longevity
187
Attend to the Fundamentals
205
Examining the Selection of High Officials
219
Be Careful of the Advice One Follows
235
Destruction of the State
249
Rewards and Punishments
265
Population Figures
271
Reinstitute the ThreeYear Mourning Period
277

Wisdom and Deeds
105
Titles and Emoluments
121
Examining Falsity
135
A Rebuke of Social Connections
153
Astronomical Systems
175
Regulate the Allotment of Corvée Laborers
283
Notes
291
Bibliography
343
Index
357
זכויות יוצרים

מונחים וביטויים נפוצים

מידע על המחבר (2002)

John Makeham is senior lecturer in Chinese, University of Adelaide. Dang Shengyuan is a senior Chinese scholar.

מידע ביבליוגרפי