« הקודםהמשך »
Chaucer continued. General view of the Prologues to the Can-
terbury Tales. The Prioresse. The Wife of Bath. The Fran-
SECTION V. THE romance of Sir Guy, which is enumerated by Chaucer among the “Romances of pris,” affords the following fiction, not uncommon indeed in pieces of this sort, concerning the redemption of a knight from a long captivity, whose prison was inaccessible, unknown, and enchanteda. His name is Amis of the Mountain.
* The Romance of Sir Guy is a consi- riage of the fond couple. To this it derable volume in quarto. My edition should seem was afterwards tacked on a is without date, “Imprinted at London series of fresh adventures, invented or in Lothburye by Wyllyam Copland.” compiled by some pilgrim from the Holy with rude wooden cuts. It runs to Land; and the hero of this legend was Sign. S. ii. It seems to be older than then brought home for the defence of the Squyr of love degree, in which it is Athelstan, and the destruction of Colquoted. Sign. a. iii.
brand.' Mr. Ritson in opposition to Or els so bolde in chivalrie
Dugdale, who regarded Guy as an un
deniably historical personage, has laAs was syr Gawayne or syr GIE.
boured to prove that “no hero of this The two best manu
anuscripts of this ro name is to be found in real history," mance are at Cambridge, MSS. Bibl. and that he was “no more an English Publ. Mor. 690. 33. and MSS. Coll. hero than Amadis de Gaul or PercefoCaii, A. 8.
Mr. Ellis, on the other hand, (An analysis of this romance will be conceives the tale “may possibly be found in the “ Specimens" of Mr. Ellis, founded on some Saxon tradition," and who is of opinion that “the tale in its that though the name in its present form present state has been composed from be undoubtedly French, yet as it bears the materials of at least two or three if some resemblance to Egil, the name of not more romances. The first is a most an Icelandic warrior, who “contributed tiresome love story, which, it may be pre- very materially to the important victory sumed, originally ended with the mar- gained by Athelstan'over the Danes and VOL. II.
“ Here besyde an Elfish knyhteb
their allies at Brunanburgh ;" he thinks Guyon, and Guido, are the representa“it is not impossible that this warlike tives of the Teutonic W, and clearly foreigner may have been transformed by point to some cognomen beginning with some Norman monk into the pious and the Saxon Wig, bellum.-Edit.) amorous Guy of Warwick.” This at + In Chaucer's Tale of the Chanon best is but conjecture, nor can it be con- Yeman, chemistry is termed an ELFISH sidered a very happy one. Egil himself art, that is, taught or conducted by Spi(or his nameless biographer) makes no rits. This is an Arabian idea. Chan. mention of a single combat on the oc Yem. T. p. 122. v. 772. Urry's edit. casion in which he had been engaged ;
Whan we be ther as we shall exercise and the fact, had it occurred, would have
Our ELVISHE craft. been far too interesting, and too much in unison with the spirit of the times, to have
Again, ibid. v. 863. been passed over in silence. In addition Though he sit at his boke both daie to this, the substitution of Guy for Egil
and night, is against all analogy, on the transforma In lerning of this ELVISH nicè lore. tion of a Northern into a French ap C« Into the land of Fairy, into the pellation. The initial letters in Guy, region of Spirits.”