« הקודםהמשך »
Home they come sone anone,
For they had take game at wille.
The heraudes gaff the childm the gree,
And fourty dayes thys fest was holde." The metrical romance entitled La Mort ARTHURE, preserved in the same repository, is supposed by the learned and accurate Wanley, to be a translation from the French: who adds, that it is not perhaps older than the times of Henry the Seventh. But as it abounds with many Saxon words, and seems to be quoted in Syr Bevys, I have given it a place here P. Notwithstanding the title, and the exordium which promises the history of Arthur and the Sangreal,—the exploits of Sir Lancelot du Lake king of Benwike, his intrigues with Arthur's queen Geneura, and his refusal of the beautiful daughter of the earl of Ascalot, form the greatest part of the poem. At the close, the repentance of Lancelot and Geneura, who both assume the habit of religion, is introduced. The writer mentions the Tower of London. The following is a description of a tournament performed by some of the knights of the Round Table 4.
Tho to the castelle gon they fare,
To the ladye fayre and bryht:
That they wold dwelle with hyr that nyght.
most essentially from Malory's work, Ippomedon. n MS. f. 61. b. which was a mere compilation, whilst it
MSS. Harl. 2252. 49. f. 86. Pr. follows with 'tolerable exactness the « Lordinges that are leffe and deare.' French romance of Lancelot; and its Never printed.
phraseology, which perfectly resembles (The late Mr. Ritson was of opinion that of Chester and other authors of that this romance] was versified from the fifteenth century, betrays no marks the prose work of the same name written of affectation.—ELLIS. A new edition by Malory and printed by Caxton; in of Caxton's Morte Arthur has since proof of which he contended that the been published by Mr. Southey.style is marked by an evident affectation Edit.) of antiquity. But in truth it differs Signat. K, ïi. b,
4 MS. f. 89. b.
Hastely was there soper yarer
Off mete and drinke rychely dight;
Both Launcelott and that other knight.
Myche there was of game and play,
How Arthur's knightis rode that day,
On fote his knightis ar led away.
Thinkis to helpe yif that he may.
Breme W as eny wilde bore;
In rede armys that he bore:
Sir Ewayne was unhorsid thare,
So was he woundyd wondyr sarea.
When Syr Ewaine unhorsid was;
To Launcelot withouten lees:
The nexte way to grounde he chese:
Ffule thynne he made the thikkest preesa.
And hastely he made hym bowne',
He rode with helme and sword browne;
Launcellott hitte hym as I wene,
Throughe the helme in to the crowne:
after it was sene
And gan with crafte, &c. I could give many more ample specimens of the romantic poems of these nameless minstrels, who probably flourished before or about the reign of Edward the Seconda. But it
d Octavian is one of the romances MSS. Bibl. Adv. Edinb. W 4. 1. mentioned in the Prologue to Cure de Num. xxii. Lyon, above cited. See also vol. i. p. 123. [It is in this romance of Syr Beves, In the Cotton manuscripts there is the that the knight passes over a bridge, the metrical romance of Octavian imperator, arches of which are hung round with but it has nothing of the history of the small bells. Signat. E iv. This is an Roman emperors. Pr. “ Jhesu bat was oriental idea. In the ALCORAN it is with spere ystonge." Calig. A 12. f. 20. said, that one of the felicities in MahoIt is a very singular stanza. In Bishop met's paradise, will be to listen to the More's manuscripts at Cambridge, there ravishing music of an infinite number is a poem with the same title, but a very of bells, hanging on the trees, which different beginning, viz. “ Lytyll and will be put in motion by the wind promykyll olde and younge.” Bibl. Publ. ceeding from the throne of God. Sale's 690. 30.—[This romance will be found Koran, Prelim. Disc. p. 100. In the in Mr. Weber's collection, vol. iii. p. 157. enchanted horn, as we shall see hereafter, -EDIT. )-The emperor Octavyen, per- in le Lai du Corn, the rim of the horn haps the same, is mentioned in Chaucer's is hung round with a hundred bells of a Dreme, v. 368. Among Hatton's manu most musical sound. - ADDITIONS.] scripts in Bibl. Bodl. we have a French Sidracke was translated into English poem, Romaunce de Olheniem Empereur verse by one Hugh Campden; and de Rome. Hyper. Bodl. 4046. 21. printed, probably not long after it was
In the same line of the aforesaid Pro- translated, at London, by Thomas GodJogue, we have the romance of Ury. frey, at the cost of Dan Robert Saltwood, This is probalıly the father of the cele- monk of saint Austin's in Canterbury, brated Sir Ewaine or Yvain, mentioned 1510. This piece therefore belongs to in the Court Mantell. Mem. Anc. Che a lower period. I have seen only one val. ii. p. 62.
manuscript copy of it. Laud, G 57. fol.
Chaucer mentions, in Sir Topaz,
among others, the romantic poems of Et bons chevaliers et hardiz,
Sir Blandamoure, Sir Libeaur, and Sir Qui tant ama chiens et oisiaux.
Impotis. Of the former I find nothing
more than the name occurring in Sir Specimens of the English Syr Bevys Libeaux. may be seen in Percy's Ball. iii. 216, [This has been copied from Percy's 217, 297. edit. 1767. And Observations Essay referred to below, the last edition on the Fairy Queen, $ ii. p. 50. It is of which reads Blaundemere, while the extant in the black letter. It is in best MSS. of Chaucer read Pleindamanuscript at Cambridge, Bibl. Publ. moure. --Epir.) 690. 30. And Coll. Caii. A 9. 5. And To avoid prolix repetitions from other
is neither my inclination nor intention to write a catalogue,
As to Sir Ippotis, an anticnt poem Askede him whethence he come were,&c.
of these compositions. See Obs. on which he means to ridicule, and this is Spenser's Fairy Queen, ii. 42, 43. a religious legend, it may be doubted
I must not forget here, that Sir whether this is the piece alluded to by is celebrated in a separate romance.
Gawaine, one of Arthur's champions,
the Weddynge of Sir Gawain, Numb.
455. Bibl. Bodl. It begins, “ Be ye Her bi ginnith a tretys
blythe and listeneth to the lyf of a lorde That men clepeth YPOTIS.
riche.” Dr. Percy has printed the MarAlle that wolleth of wisdom lere,
riage of Sir Gaway, which he believes Lusteneth now, and ze may here; to have furnished Chaucer with his Of a tale of holi writ
Wife of Bath. Ball. i. 11. It begins, Seynt John the evangelist witnesseth it. King Arthur lives in merry Carlisle." How hit bifelle in grete Romne,
I think I have somewhere seen a roThe cheef citee of Cristendome,
mance in verse entitled, The Turke A childe was sent of mihtes most, and Gawaine.—[This romance occurs in Thorow vertue of the holi gost :
Bishop Percy's catalogue given from his The emperour of Rome than
folio MS.- Edır.] His name was hoten sire Adrian;
genius, and his researches tend to display the progress of human manners, and to illustrate the history of society.
As a further illustration of the general subject, and many particulars, of this section and the three last, I will add a new proof of the reverence in which such stories were held, and of the familiarity with which they must have been known, by our ancestors. These fables were not only perpetually repeated at their festivals, but were the constant objects of their eyes. The very walls of their apartments were clothed with romantic history. Tapestry was antiently the fashionable furniture of our houses, and it was chiefly filled with lively representations of this sort. The stories of the tapestry in the royal palaces of Henry the Eighth are still preservedo; which I will here give without reserve, including other subjects, as they happen to
e “ The seconde part of the Invento- glasse with imagery made of bone. rye of our late sovereigne lord kyng Three payre of hawkes gloves, with two Henry the Eighth, conteynynge his lined with velvett. Three combe-cases guardrobes, houshold-stuff, &c. &c." of bone furnished. A night-cappe of MSS. Harl. 1419. fol. The original. blacke velvett embrawdered. Sampson Compare vol. i. p. 118. and Walpole's made in alablaster. A peece of unicorne's Anecd. Paint. i.
horne. Littel boxes in a case of woode. [I make no apology for adding here Four littel coffres for jewels. A horne an account of the furniture of a CLOSET of ivorie. A standinge diall in a case at the old royal palace of Greenwich, in of copper. A horne-glasse. Eight cases the reign of Henry the Eighth ; as it of trenchers. Forty four dogs collars, throws light on our general subject, by of sondrye makynge. Seven lyans of giving a lively picture of the fashions, silke. A purse of crymson satten for a arts, amusements, and modes of life, ... embrawdered with golde. A round which then prevailed. From the same painted table with th' ymage of a kinge. manuscript in the British Museum. A foldinge table of images. One payre “ A clocke. A glasse of steele. Four of bedes (beads] of jasper garnyshed with battell axes of wood. Two quivers with lether. One hundred and thirty eight
A painted table si. e. a pic- hawkes hoodes. A globe of paper. А ture). A payre of ballance (balances], mappe made lyke a scryne. Two green with waights. A case of tynne with a boxes with wrought corall in them. Two plot. In the window (a large bow- boxes covered with blacke velvett. A window], a rounde mapp. A standinge reede tipt at both ends with golde, and glasse of steele in ship.A branche of bolts for a turony bowe': A chaire of flowres wrought upon wyre. Two payre joyned worke. An elle of synnamounde of playing tables of bone. A payre of (cinnamon sticke tipt with sylver. Three chesmen in a case of black lether. Two ridinge roddes for ladies, and a yard [rod] birds of Araby. A gonne (gun) upon of blake tipt with horne. Six walkyng a stocke wlieeled. Five paxes (cruci- staves, one covered with silke and golde. fixes) of glasse and woode. A tablet of A blake satten-bag with chesmen. A our ladie and saint Anne. A standinge table with a clothi (a picture) of saint
· Perhaps Tyrone in Ireland.