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e. Explain

that tore Hell's concave. (i. 542.)

“this huge convex of fire.” (ii. 434.) 4. On Constructions.

Comment on or explain
“ Never since created man. (i. 573.)
' Peace is despaired.” (i. 660.)
“Of Javan's issue held gods." (i. 508.)
“What doubt we to incense his utmost ire ? ” (ii. 94.)

since our present lot appears
For happy though ill, for ill not worst.” (ii. 224.)

5. On Metre.

Point out anything noteworthy in the rhythm of the following lines: i. 195; i. 159; i. 28; i. 82; i. 329; i. 38; ii. 207; ii.

626; ii. 4.

6. On the Action, Scene, and Characters of the poem.

The questions under 3 deal also with this subject

in a somewhat different way. a. What sort of names does Milton give the fallen

angels and for what reason ? 6. In what two-fold fashion do Sin and Death appear

in the poem ? C. What is the meaning of the names Satan and

Lucifer? What appropriateness have they to their

bearer ? d. What place have Chaos, Night, Orcus, Ades, Demo

gorgon in the poem ? e. State briefly the action of the poem. What place

in it is held by Books i. and ii,

7. On Milton's Poetic Manner. a. Give some examples of characteristic Miltonic

phrases. b. Give some examples of conventional epic diction. c. What are epic similes ? d. How does Milton use geographical names ? e. Quote and comment upon some particular descrip

tion as i. 589 foll.

8. On Milton's Life and Work in general. a. What different periods are to be noted in Milton's

life and what distinguishes them? b. Why did Milton write his prose pamphlets ? c. What is the main idea running through his great

poems? d. What was Milton's relation to the Commonwealth ? e. What is the relation of Milton's prose to his

poetry?

Such questions as these may fairly be asked to test a student's knowledge of a poem. Some of them will offer an opportunity for him to show his appreciation of it; but an examination is not a good means of testing poetic appreciation, nor was it devised for that purpose.

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE.

MILTON'S CHIEF WORKS.

CONTEMPORARY LITER

ATURE.

CONTEMPORARY BIOGRA

PHY.

1608. (Milton born.] 1608. Shakspere, Corio- 1608. Fuller, Clarendon

lanus (?); Beaumont born; Sackville died. and Fletcher (?), Pui

laster.
1609. Shakspere, Son- 1609. Suckling born.

nets.
1610. Shaksperė, Tem-

pest; G. Fletcher,
Christ's Victory, etc.;
Chapman, Iliad (I. -
XII.); J. Fletcher,

Faithful Shepherdess.
1611. King James Ver-

sion of Bible com-
pleted.

1612. Butler, Montrose

born. 1613. W. Browne, Brit- 1613. Cleveland, Jer.

annia's Pastorals Taylor, Crashaw (?) (Part I.).

born. 1614. Raleigh, History 1614. H. More born. of the World.

1615. Baxter, Denham

born.
1616. Drummond, 1616. Sha kspere, F.

Poems; Jonson, First Beaumont died.
Folio; Webster, 1618. Lovelace, Cowley
Duchess of Malfi (act born; Raleigh, Syl.
ed).

vester died.

1619. Daniel died.
1620. Bacon, Novum

Organum.
1621. Burton, Anatomy 1621. Marvell born.

of Melancholy,
16:22. Drayton, Poly - 1622. Vaughan born.
olbion (complete);
Wither, Mistress of

Philarete.

1623. Shakspere, First | 1623. G. Fletcher died. 1624. [Milton at Cam Folio.

bridge, 1624–32. Some English and most of his Latin poetry writ- 1625. Bacon, Essa y s 1625. James I, Lodge, ten during this peri (final form).

J. Fletcher died. od.] 1626. Sandys, Ovid. 1626. Bacon died.

1628. Bunyan born. 1629. Ode on Christ's

Nativity (written). 1631. Epitaph on Mar- 1631. G. Herbert, The 1631, Drayton, Donne chioness of Winches Temple.

died; Dryden born. ter. L'Allegro and Il Penseroso (written ?).

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE_Continued.

MILTON'S CHIEF WORK8.

CONTEMPORARY LITER

ATURE.

CONTEMPORARY BIOGRA

PHY.

1632. Epitaph on Shak

1632. Locke born. spere (published). 1633. Arcades (written ?). 1633. Donne, Poems; | 1633. G. Herbert died.

Massinger, New Way
to Pay Old Debts (?);
P. Fletcher, Purple
Island ; Prynne, His-

triomastix. 1634. Comus (acted). 1634. Habington, Cas- 1634. Chapman died.

tara.

1635. Quarles, Emblems. 1637. Comus published.

1637. Ben Jonson died. Lycidas. 1638–39. [Milton in

Italy.) 1639. Epitaphium D a

1639. Sir H. Wotton, monis (written).

Carew (?) died.
1640. Carew, Poems; 1640. Burton, Massing-

Suckling, Ballad of a er, Ford died; Wych-
Wedding.

erley born.
1641. Five theological 1641. Denham, Cooper's
pamphlets.

Hill.
1642. Sir T. Browne, 1642. Newton, Mrs.

Religio Medici; Behn born; Suckling
Hobbes, De Cive.

(?) died. 1643. Doctrine and Dis

1643. Sandys, Cartcipline of Divorce.

wright died. 1644. Of Education,

1644. Quarles died. Areopagitica, and more divorce pamphlets. 1645. (Minor) Poems 1645. Waller, Poems. 1645. W. Browne died. published.

1646. Vaughan, Poems;

Shirley, Poems. 1647. Cowley, Mistress. 1647. Rochester born. 1648. Herrick, Hespe- 1648. Lord Herbert of rides,

Cherbury died. 1649. Political pam- 1649. Lovelace, Lucasta. 1649. Drummond died ; phlets; Eikono

Charles I. executed. klastes.

1650. Baxter, Saints' 1650. P. Fletcher, Mon

Everla s ting Rest; trose, Crash a w (?)

Taylor, Holy Living. died. 1651. Pro populo An- 1651. Hobbes, Levia- 1651. Otway born.

glicano defensio contra than; Davenant, Gon-
Salmasium.

dibert.
1653. Walton, Complete

Angler. 1654. Defensio Secunda. 1654. Hobbes, Of Liber- 1654. Ha bington (?)

ty.

died.

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE_Concluded.

MILTON'S CHIEF WORKS.

CONTEMPORARY LITER

ATURE.

CONTEMPORARY BIOGRA

PHY.

1655. Pro se defensio 1655. Fuller, Church contra A. Morum. History.

1658. Cromwell, Love1659. Two ecclesiastical 1659. Cleveland, Poems. lace, Cleveland died.

pamphlets. 1660. Ready and easy 1660. Pepys' Diary be- 1660. Charles II. reway to establish a free

gun; Dryden, Astræa stored. Commonwealth,

Redux.

1661. Fuller died; De

foe born.
1663. Butler, Hudibras 1664. Prior born.
(Part I.).

1666. Shirley died. 1667. Paradise Lost. 1667. Dryden, Essay of 1667. Cowley, Wither,

Dramatic Poesy. Jer. Taylor died;

Swift born. 1668. Davenant, Den

ham died. 1669. Accidence.

1669. Dryden, Tyran- 1669. Prynne died.

nic Love. 1670. History of Britain.

1670. Congreve born. 1671. Paradise Re- 1671. Buckingham, The

gained; Samson Rehearsal. Agonistes (published together). 1672. A rtis Logicæ,

1672. Addison, Steele etc.

born, 1673. Of true Religion,

etc. 1674. Epistolarum fami- 1674. Dryden, The 1674. Herrick, Clarenliarum liber.

State of Innocence don died.

(founded on Paradise iChief posthumous

Lost). works : 1697 and 1698. Prose

Works. 1743. Original Letters

and Papers of State Addressed to Oliver

Cromwell. 18:25. De Doctrina

Christiana. 1876. Common Place

Book.

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