Disclosing New Worlds: Entrepreneurship, Democratic Action, and the Cultivation of Solidarity

כריכה קדמית
"Spinosa, Flores, and Dreyfus have written a rich, ambitious book on the free enterprise system and the sort of democratic community it presupposes. "Disclosing New Worlds" also represents a new way of doing philosophy, a new way of looking at business and a new way of looking at democracy. The underlying style and spirit of the book is unabashedly Heideggerian, although it is written much more clearly and down to earth than that might suggest. Their discussion of search divers practical topics as the rise of feminism, the founding of the personal computer business and the success of Mother Against Drunk Driving is both insightful and profound, "practical" philosophy at its very best."
-- Robert C. Solomon, Quincy Lee Centennial Professor of Philosophy and Business, The University of Texas at Austin "Disclosing New Worlds" calls for a recovery of a way of being that has always characterized human life at its best. The book argues that human beings are at their best not when they are engaged in abstract reflection, but when they are intensely involved in changing the taken-for-granted, everyday practices in some domain of their culture--that is, when they are making history. History-making, in this account, refers not to wars and transfers of political power, but to changes in the way we understand and deal with ourselves. The authors identify entrepreneurship, democratic action, and the creation of solidarity as the three major arenas in which people make history, and they focus on three prime methods of history-making -- reconfiguration, cross-appropriation, and articulation.

The book is filled with real-life examples of each kindof history-making. For example, the authors show how entrepreneurs like King Gillette not only change the material conditions of our lives but also effect new styles of behavior. The organization Mothers Against Drunk Driving provides an example of how virtuous democratic citizenship can change the way in which a culture lives. And Martin Luther King Jr. exemplifies the culture figure who cultivates solidarity by recovering a foundational practice that had been forgotten over time (in King's case, the practice of Christian love).

According to the authors, there are two major perils to history-making in Western society. One is the Cartesian tradition, which celebrates stepping back from everyday life to understand the world on the basis of rational deliberation. Against this, the authors advocate an intense involvement in the anomalies of everyday life as a means to understand the world and the changes it needs. The second is the neo-Nietzschean tendency to embrace radical, individual change for its own sake. Now that anyone can log on to the Internet to try on a new personality, the authors argue, it becomes increasingly urgent that we retrieve our history-making skills, both in our everyday lives and in our public roles.

 

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תוכן

The Ontological Structure of Everyday HistoryMaking
16
The Skill of Cultural Innovation
34
The Politics of Interpretive Speaking
69
The Ground of Meaningful Community
116
Conclusion
162
How We Differ from Relativists
177
Index
209
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מידע על המחבר (1999)

Spinosa is Vice President of Research at Business Design Associates.

Fernando Flores is recognized as a leader in the world of business process design, coaching, innovation, cognition, and education. His work laid the foundation for much of the current understanding about action workflow and commitment management theory, having been discussed in hundreds of publications, and taught at leading universities around the world. He is the author of Understanding Computers and Cognition, A New Foundation for Design, co-authored with Dr. Terry Winograd; Disclosing New Worlds: Entrepreneurship, Democatic Action and the Cultivation of Solidarity, co-authored with Hubert Dreyfus and Charles Spinosa; and Building Trust, co-authored with Robert Solomon.

Hubert Lederer Dreyfus was born in Terre Haute, Indiana on October 15, 1929. He received a bachelor's degree in philosophy in 1951, a master's degree in 1952, and a doctorate in 1964 from Harvard University. He taught at Brandeis University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology before joining the philosophy department at the University of California, Berkeley in 1968. He wrote or co-wrote numerous books during his lifetime including Alchemy and Artificial Intelligence, What Computers Can't Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason, Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics written with Paul Rabinow, Mind Over Machine: The Power of Human Intuition and Expertise in the Era of the Computer, What Computers Still Can't Do, Philosophy: The Latest Answers to the Oldest Questions, All Things Shining: Reading the Western Classics to Find Meaning in a Secular Age written with Sean D. Kelly, and Skillful Coping: Essays on the Everyday Phenomenology of Everyday Perception and Action. He and Mark Wrathall edited numerous guides devoted to existentialism, phenomenology, and Heidegger's philosophy. He died of cancer on April 22, 2017 at the age of 87.

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