The Role of the Copts in the National Movement in Egypt Until the 1919 Revolution

כריכה קדמית
GRIN Verlag, 2007 - 40 עמודים
Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject Orientalism / Sinology - Islamic Studies, grade: 1,3, Ben Gurion University (Middle East Institute), course: Religious and Ethnic Minorities/ Communities in the Modern Middle East, 19 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: During the 1919 revolution, under the slogan "Egypt for Egyptians", the Copts fought hand in hand with their Muslim brothers for national independence of Egypt from Britain. The banner of the revolution was a cross within a crescent, the ancient incompatibility of Christianity and Islam seemed to be abolished. Only one decade earlier this unity seemed impossible, after the assassination of the Copt Prime Minister Butrus Ghali, the mob in the streets of Cairo had been praising the murder with slogans, such as: " Wasrani (the name of the killer), Wasrani, who killed the nasrani (Christian)". And the Coptic newspaper Al-Watan had stated in 1908 that "The Copts are the true Egyptians and the Islamic conquest of Egypt was oppressive". The role of the Copts in the national movement is as complex and ambiguous as the national movement itself. We have to weight and consider various factors together in order to understand the different roles of the Copts in the movement during this period. We also have to differentiate between Coptic Clerks, fellahin and urban Copts as well as between the Muslim mob and the Muslim leaders of the national movement, latter often influenced by ideas of western enlightenment. This paper will examine the factors that determined the role of the Coptic minority in the Muslim-dominated national movement between its emergence in 1879 and the 1919 revolution from different perspectives. This includes a discussion of the role of the British policy, the question of social integration and juridical equality/ exclusion as a distinguished religious community from the (Muslim) majority, the degree of Islamisation or secularisation of the national movement and the role of

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The Main Influences on the Formation of Coptic Identity Prior to 1879
The Copts during the British Occupation until
Societal Changes and Conjoint Suffering from the British

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קטעים בולטים

עמוד 28 - In the human world the bonds that have been extensive . . . have been two. One is this same unity of language of which nationality and national unity consist, and the other is religion. There is no doubt that the unity of language is more durable for survival and permanence in this world than unity of religion since it does not change in a short time in contrast to the latter.
עמוד 4 - His insight and years of experience made him realize that an even-handed approach would end the crisis and totally eliminate its causes. Thus, he understood that if the majority were to take the initiative in providing a sense of security for the minority, peace between them would ensue; the Copts would no longer fear for themselves, for their property or for the future of their children and there would be no more cause for...
עמוד 11 - Cromer, anxious about the fate of the supposedly temporary occupation used alleged threats against the Copts to reinforce his superiors' determination to stay in Egypt.
עמוד 14 - The Wafdist newspaper al-Balagh wrote in 1925 that the British had successfully relied on a policy of encouraging inter-communal hatred until Zaghlul succeeded in uniting the Egyptians.
עמוד 23 - Simaika, who claimed in January 1919 that "he had no faith in Muslim Justice and believed that a British yoke was lighter than a Muslim one.

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