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Now the next question is, when did Popery assumo its civil form, or become connected with the state ?
This little horn — Papacy in its civil form - is to pluck up three of the first horns (kingdoms) by the roots, hence this little horn, or eleventh kingdom, must come into existence after the ten, namely, this side of A.D. 493, when the last one of the ten, the Goths, settled in Rome, and before A.D. 534, for then one of the ten, (the Vandals,) was plucked up. This certainly is quite definite ; for the whole period within which we must find the rise of the little horn is but 41 years. And surely an event of this magnitude must be marked in history sufficiently clear to lead us to determine what time during the 41 years it did arise.
But before we define the point when Papacy assumed its civil form, we wish to identify the kingdom, with which it becomes connected. And first, we en quire, what are its leading characteristics ?
On turning to Daniel we learn that this little horn, (Daniel vii: 8,) having eyes and a mouth, evidently symbolizes a union of Church and State. A horn is an emblem of strength, and represents a kingdom, while the eyes and mouth represent a Church. The Church of Christ is represented, (Rev.iv:6, and v:8,9) by four living creatures having eyes
before and behind,” — while the ministry or servants of the Church, are said to be mouth for God to the Church.
“And thou shalt speak unto him, and put words in his mouth: and I will be with thy mouth and with his mouth, and will teach you what ye shall do.
“And he shall be thy spokesman unto the peoplo: and he shall be, even he shall be to thee instead of a
mouth, and thou shalt be to him instead of God.” (Ex. iv : 15, 16.)
“ Therefore thus saith the Lord. If thou return, then will I bring thee again, and thou shalt stand before me: and if thou take forth the precious from the vile, thou shalt be as my mouth : let them return unto thee; but return not thou unto them.” Jer. xv: 19.
If, therefore, eyes and a mouth are emblematical of a Church, may not the eyes and mouth in this horn, (Dan. vii: 8,) symbolize a Church, and his having eyes like the eyes of man, “ denote his cunning and foresight; his looking out and watching all opportunities to promote his own interests”? and the eyes and mouth being embodied in the horn, represents the union of Church and State.
Hence, if we can find the State that becomes connected with the Church, or nationalizes it, we shall find the power that plucks up three of the first horns by the roots, and vice versa.
That the horn with eyes and a mouth must come up before the three are plucked up, is evident from the following facts, as given in both the vision and the interpretation.
Vis. “Four great beasts came up out of the sea.'
Int. “These great beasts which are four, are four kings which shall arise out of the earth."
Vis. “Then I would know the truth of the fourth beast."
Int. “Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth.”
Vis. “And it" (the fourth beast) “ had ten horns.”
Int. “And the ten horns out of this kingdoin are ten kings that shall arise.”
Vis. “I considered the horns, and behold there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots."
Int. “And another shall rise after them, and he shall subdue three kings."
Who cannot see, from the above, that those who place the establishment of the little horn after the plucking up of the three, or any one of the three, are wrong? The words, “ He shall subdue,” and “ before whom three fell,” forever settle this point. This is not our interpretation, but the very language of the angel of God.
We are then, to ascertain what power it is that sub. dues three of ten contemporary kingdoms. On turning to history, we learn that three of the above ten kingdoms were plucked up by the victorious arms of Justinian, under Belisarius and Narses ; — the Vandals in Africa, A.D. 534.*
The kingdom of the Goths in Italy was overthrown A.D. 553.7
** The dominion of the Vandals in Africa lasted about a hun. dred years. Their kingdom was destroyed by the Emperor Justinian, who reunited Africa to the Empire of the East. Gelimer. the last king of the Vandals, was conquered by Belisarius, 534." (Koch, vol. i. p. 48. Vide Gib. vol. iv. pp. 121-136.
"The Goths raised themselves once more, after four of their sovereigns had been destroyed, under their king, Totilas, who was worthy of ruling the dominions of Tlveodoric; but as he also, after he had fought with fame for eleven years, was killed in the year 552, in a battle against Narses, and ten months afterwards, his successor, Tejas, fell likewise, in the three days' desperate battle near Cuma, the Gothic kingdom sunk into such a ruinous
The Alemans were overthrown in a.d. 554.* This, then, is a fulfilment of the declaration, (Dan. vii: 24); "he shall subdue three kings.” Hence, having ascertained when the last of the ten arose, and when the first of the ten contemporary kingdoms was subdued, we have defined the circle, within which the little horn is to be established, namely: between A.D. 493 and A.D. 534. Having shown, by historical testimony, that three of the ten were subdued by the military force of the Greek Government, it follows, as a matter of course, that this is the government in con. nection with the Church, that answers to the little horn. This Symbol (the little horn) warrants us in looking for a union of Church and State, or the full assumption of authority over religion, nationalization of the Catholic Church, and concurrence with the Pope in enforcing the false doctrine, and superstitions of that Apostate on its subjects.*
state, that twenty-seven years after the death of Theodoric, and in the year 553, the Ostrogoths were not only vanquished, but also almost entirely annihilated. A few only cscaped over the Alps, to seek an asylum among other German nations.” (Kohl. His. of Ger. pp. 98, 99, Vide Koch, vol. i. pp. 49, 50.)
*“The Alemans, who dwelt in the mountains, deemed the occasion favorable, on the dispossession of the Goths, (553,) for an invasion of Italy. They divided themselves into two enormous hordes, commanded by Leutharis and Batilinas, the former of whom coasted the Mediterranean, the latter the Adriatic. These hordes were composed of foot soldiers, armed with shields and swords, and merely clothed with long trousers, the upper part of the body being naked, from an idea that by that means they should suffer less by the heat of the climate. The army under Leutharis was destroyed by pestilence, and that under Batilinas was surrounded and cut to pieces by Narses, five men escaping the fate of their comrades, A.D. 554.” (His. of Ger. by Menzel pp. 186, 187.)
No such union is to be looked for between Constantine and Theodosius, because it is too early, the ten horns (kingdoms) not having arisen. And if we can depend on the assertion of Baronius, "there was not, in the year 499, a single Catholic Prince in the whole circuit of the earth.”p It was at this time that Anas. tasius filled the throne at Constantinople; and during the greater part of his administration, the Church was rent and torn by disputes between the various Bishops. All this time the Bishop of Constantinople and the Pope of Rome strove to augment their power: efforts were made to unite the sees of Constantinople and Rome; but the demands of the Pope were so exhorbitant in the estimation of the Emperor that it did not take place until A.D. 519. During the year 518 Anastasius died.
“ The priests, availing themselves of this circumstance, frightened the superstitious multitude, and threatened the heretics with the vengeance of God. Their intrigues were so well conducted, that they placed on the throne Justin, a very ignorant man, and from that very cause, a good Catholic. The prince on his elevation, gave a direction to affairs entirely opposite to that of his predecessor. The pretended heretics were punished, and the populace by re
" But it may seem incredible that a victory, which no more than five of the Alemanni survived, could be purchased with the loss of four-score Romans.” (Gib. vol. iv. p. 279.)
* Lord on Apoc. p. 386. + Baronii Annal. anno 499, No. 14. Vide Lord on Apoc. p. 386.