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majority ; but, such is the hostility still existing against us, such the infatuation of our opponents, that the motion of Sir Francis Burdett, which was merely to take our sufferings into consideration, was only carried by a majority of six-and, even this majority, small in itself as it was, I have no doubt, on my own mind, was caused by the intelligence which arrived in London the morning of the devision, and which was nothing less than a declaration of war against Turkey by the Emperor of Russia. (Hear.) That declaration, although long expected, came like a heavy blow upon the English cabinet—it placed England in a dilemma out of which she will find it difficult, if not impracticable, to escape at least with honour or security to herself. Well may the battle of Navarino be described as an untoward event,' in the King's speech to Parliament, drawn up by his Grace of Wel. lington; for. untoward' it certainly was in the eyes of those who hoped to be able to perpetuate the degradation and slavery of Catholic Ireland. (Hear.) But, my Lord, it was something more ; the first cannon fired on that glorious day by the gallant Codrington, blew for ever into the air the Aimsy structure of the Holy Alliance ;' it threw the game which she so long desired completely into the hands of Russia ; it gave an opening to the young and ambitious Nicholas to carry into execution the favourite project of aggrandisement, so long cherished by the great Catherine the Second. And who is there so short sighted as to suppose that he will now stop short in the middle of his course—that he will be satisfied with anything short of the possession of Constantinople—that he will allow the crescent to wave in triumph over its four hundred mosques—in a word, that he will be so weak as to enter into a treaty with the Porte, which declares that it only enters into treaties in order, like other countries, to break them when it has the power ? England, he well knows, is too crippled in her finances, too broken in her internal resources, to be able to offer him any effectual opposition. The time is gone by when she might say, 'thus far shalt thou go, and no far. ther.' Remonstrate and complain she may ; but, beyond this the Russian Emperor may exclaim to her Ministers, ulterius tenture veto'-- by the by, my Lord, these vetos are sometimes very dangerous things to meddle with. (Hear.) But this is not all—for, not content with the subjugation of Russia, the ambitious Nicholas, fushed with the European conquest, may be induced to turn his eyes from the Bosphorus to the Ganges; and, perhaps, ere long, England, stripped of her oriental dominions, the spell of that power which she long exercised over seventy millions of Asiatic subjects being broken and dissolved for ever, she may at length see verified in the person of the Russian Emperor, the words which the Roman poet applied to another Emperor, the great Augustus
Super et Garamantos, et Indos,
Proferet imperium." Nor is the prospect, my Lord, for England more cheering and encouraging in the West; Canada is full of discontent, is already ripe for revolt, and only pants for an opportunity to be admitted under the fustering wings of the Republican Eagle (Hear.) To what, then, has England to look to as her last resource ; to sustain and
stand by her in the bour of difficulty and of danger which has pot come upon her ? To Catholic Ireland, and to Catholic Ireland alone. How may she secure her fidelity and support, even at the eleventh hour ? Simply and solely, my Lord, by an act of strict justice, by granting unqualified and unconditional emancipation. This, and nothing short of this, can, or, I trust, ever well satisfy or content the Catholic people of Ireland. (Hear, hear.) Since the first moinent of their connection with England, the hour of her dtficulty and distress has been to them the only one of hope and relief. The first relaxations of the penal code, 1778, followed the glorious struggle that terminated in the triumph of American indedependence ; while it is well known that the concessions of 1793 were only extorted through the fears of the French revolution. England has not less reason to indulge in fears at the present moment than at either of the periods to which I have referred ; and unless her councils are really guided by.worse than madmen,' sbe will listen, before it is perhaps too late, to the voice of Ireland, which exclaims to her, in these emphatic words, be just and fear not.' (Cheers.) But whether success or defeat shall now attend us, the people of Ireland have one consolation to sustain them ; they have born. persecution for centuries; they bave clung to their holy and venerable religion with a desperate fidelity, 'through evil report as well as through good report. This religion is doubly dear to them, as being the only remaining monument of their former great. ness and prosperity. Let no considerations induce them to have what the sword and gibbet could not destory, filched away from them by the wolf in sheep's clothing. And while the second duty of every true Irishman is to achieve the liberty of his country, let him never forget that the first and most sacred obligation imposed upon him from above, is to preserve and maintain inviolate the purity and independence of his religion.-Mr. Cuppinger sat down amid loud and continued cheering.
O'Connell felt it necessary as leader of the great organization to assume at the National Council, perhaps more of the demeanour of a dictator than was calculated to make him a favorite with the minor labourers in the cause. Hence his split with Jack Lawless, Eneas Mc Donell, Lord Cloncurry, and in the subsequent agitation for Repeal, with Smith O'Brien, Meagher, and others. Coppinger appears to have been one of those who assumed an independent attitude whether rightly or wrongly, we shall not now pause to discuss. We have heard him say that in 1827, O'Connell requested him to give up “the Washington Motion," in the Catholic Association-a move upon which Coppinger had set his heart, and already given notice. “In fact,” said the great Tribune, “ His Excellency, Lord Wellesley particularly desires that you should: and if you persist, Lord Killeen, Sir Edward Bellew, and the whole of the
Catholic aristocracy will desert us.” Coppinger argued the point with O'Connell, but was unable to convince him. Nothing deterred however by antagonism so influential, he made "the Washington Motion," and prefaced it by a very unequivocal speech.
A few other differences of opinion as to policy occurred between O'Connell and Coppinger, until at last they burst into open battle on the question of Catholic burial grounds. Coppinger objected to some points insisted upon by O'Connell, who revenged himself by sallies of that retaliative vituperation for which the great man was remarkable." Boys,” he said, addressing an auditory which was pleutifully sprinkled with coal porters-boys did you ever see such an ugly, or a more hungry looking fellow ? Stingy Stephen refuses to give us the light of his countenance-oh wirrasthrue.” And, following up this line of retaliation, O'Connell subsequently nick-named him “the Knight of the Rueful Countenance.”
We have heard Mr. Coppinger say that immediately after the achievement of emancipation, O'Connell met him and exclaimed, "well Coppinger you see I have emancipated you." “ Rather,” replied Coppinger half in joke, and half in earnest, “rather say that notwithstanding all your efforts to the contrary we succeeded in obtaining the blessings of emancipation.”
Mr. Coppinger wis stored with anecdotes of an exclusive character, and the writer of this paper thought it worth while, a few years ago, to note a few of his conversations. Speaking of Dr. England, the late Bishop of Charleston, he said that he possessed a greater fuency in writing than almost any man he knew. He had been editor of an influential Cork paper, and conducted it with great patriotic spirit, and ability. The hierarchy rather feared his influence, -which was decidedly deinocratic--and a memorial signed by nearly all the Bishops in Ireland, was sent to Rome praying His Holiness to appoint Dr. England to some vacant foreigu See. Some of the episcopal body seemed to fear that on the death of the Bishops of Cork, or Cloyne, Dr. England might be elected to the dignity, and whether true or false he was suspected to have been tinged with revolutionary principles. Dr. Coppinger, the venerable Patriot Prelate of Cloyne, entertained a great regard for Dr. England, as well as a liearty appreciation of his talents, and refused to sign the memorial to Rome. This fact was
communicated to the subject of this paper by Dr. Coppinger himself.*
The following anecdote throws some light on the precipitate conversion of the Duke of Wellington to the Catholic cause in 1828, which a short time previously he had vowed to oppose to the death. The Right Rev. Dr. England, Bishop
* Mr. Fagan, M.P., in his Life and I imes of Daniel O'Connell, thus refers to Dr. England :
“ He was a man of great powers of mind, amazing intellectual en. ergy; possessing, too a masculine eloquerice, and a stern, unflinching determination, well suited to a popular leader. He had all the qualities that contribute to the influence, and are necessasy to the office, of an agitator. No literary labour was too great for him ; no opposition was too powerful. He was, from the first, a decided anti. Vetoist. Indeed, we may affirm, he was the guiding genius of the anti-Quarantotti movement. He was, at the time we write of, Editor of the Cork Mercantile Chronicle, an honest, well-conducted paper ; the downfall of which is a lasting stigma on the patriotism of the South. He worked up the movement against the local Catholic Board ; and at last forced the members to publish their proceedings. Why was it Ireland afterwards lost the services of that distinguished man? Why was his lot ultimately cast in a foreign land in the Southern States of Republican America, where his genius burned out, ainidst a race of uncivilized slave-owners ? He sacrificed bimself to the service of religion ; but would he not have rendered it more service as a Prelate, in his native land, co-operating with such able and exalted men as Doctor Doyle, in improving the condition of the people, and making Catholicity respected even by its enemies ? The endowments of a mind like his, were partly lost in the semibarbarous sphere of Charleston, and those Southern States of America, of which he became Bishop. The boundless regions of the Far West, presented opportunities too few for the exercise of those accomplishments and gifts, with which he was enriched. Religion might be propagated by intellectual inferior agencies. Amongst the busy, money-loving, pre-occupied, and scattered sojourners in those wild, half-settled territories, one mind, however masculine and energetic,could accomplish little. His profound learning-his theological acquirements fell upon a barren soil—though, as the result has proved, from their intrinsic vigour, they took root and flourished.
It was, therefore, always a source of deep regret, in after days, that circumstances, we believe of a private nature suggested his appointment to the Episcopacy in America. - He who broke down the veto spirit in Cork, would have rendered invaluable services in the various subsequent struggles for civil liberty, and social and political amelioration. For his was a master mind; and it was on such a stage, as society in Ireland afforded, that his noble and various attributes would have found material and room for action."
of Charleston, North Carolina, informed Stephen Coppinger in presence of Dr. Miley, and “honest Jack Lawless," that he almost personally organized, in 1828, a force of forty thousand men, which, headed by General Montgomery, the son of an Irish Refugee, was intended for the invasion of Ireland, had Catholic Emancipation continued to have been withheld. Mr. Coppinger added that the Right Hon. Sir T. Wyse, author of the History of the Catholic Association, was aware of this fact; and inade an indirect allusion to it in that work : and further, that the Duke of Wellington was in full possession of the Bishop of Carolina's scheme; and to its inpending influence, and not to the dread of internal civil war, his Grace mainly succumbed. “This is a very important historical fact,” observed Mr. Coppinger, “and not at all known. Even O'Connell himself knew very little about it, although some of his tail did; but the rumour was always hushed up as calculated to lower O'Connell's influence and prestige as the emancipator of Catholic Ireland.”
Mr. Coppinger believed Dr. England to have been the spiritual director of O'Connell.
Speaking of Thomas Wyse, he said that he rattled over the History of the Catholic Association with too much rapidity to do anything like justice to the work. Report went abroad early in 1829, that Maurice O'Connell was writing it, and would shortly publish. Wyse and Purcell O'Gorman respectively resolved to have the start of him. O'Gorman obtained the key of the archives of the Association, and carried bome with him, without leave or license, the papers necessary for the effective production of such a work. But he was naturally lazy. He procrastinated until his death, near thirty years after, and the work has still to be written.
Mr. Wyse corresponded frequently with Coppinger during the progress of his book ; and sent him a presentation
copy. Mr. Coppinger noted several inaccuracies, and enclosed them to Wyse, who courteously acknowledged the letter, by saying that he valued them more than all the praise he had received from the public pres3.
Mr. Coppinger was always an intense admirer of the first Napoleon, and occasionally wore a locket, in which some of the great man's hair had been tenderly preserved. Mr. Coppinger could not help ejaculating, “ Et tu Brute,” when he read in Mr. Wyse's work a fierce attack on Buonaparte. Wyse, it will be remembered, is conuected by marriage with the Brionaparte family.
At a public meeting in Dublin, in honor of the Bard of Erin, Moore referred in very complimentary terms to Sheil. Sheil