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lastly, that the schools under the immediate care of the clergy of the Established Church were such as have been described in the foregoing extracts. Upon a review of the entire case; while anxious to preserve for ourselves the intellectual superiority communicated to our youth by systems like those of the Christian Brothers, and whiie anxious to extend the application of those systems to intermediate and upper education ; we are far from anxious to perpetuate the degradation to which the parish schools have been reduced by the neglect of the Protestant clergy, and their contempt of secular instruction. If the clergy of the Established church would loyally agree to concern themselves with their own congregations merely, and to embrace frankly the denominational system, we should gladly meet their views.

In three of the provinces there is no such thing as united education, and in the fourth it is adopted with great jealousy and with no little heart-burning. If there must be a Protestant and Catholic National school in each parish ; be it so ; but let them be as emphatically and conspicuously distinct as the Protestant and Catholic churches. If Catholic parents think proper to send their children to the Ministers' school, let it be upon the distinct understanding that the teaching is as Protestant as Calvin could desire. The system of mixed education does not in reality exist; we have only separate education hampered by inconvenient rules. The attempt to extend even the theory of mixed education to intermediate schools would be quite hopeless, and involve the country again in the disastrous controversy that attended the establishment of the Queen's Colleges, and which might have been so easily avoided by allowing open competition to separate and independent universities, with equal advantages and rights. The State has an opportunity of adjusting the long disputed question now, and of reconsidering the entire subject of education. We for our part are not anxious to encroach upon any educational endowments whether of state or private foundation that have been regarded as belonging peculiarly to Protestants. We make no reference at present to the revenues of the Church Establishment. That is an altogether different question. But speaking for ourselves merely, we are quite willing to leave to the Protestants every one of the educational endowments they claim as theirs, or that Mr. Stephens claims for them, not by any means, in the case of the schools of State foundation as a matter of right, but as a peace offering merely and upon conditions. We hold what will hardly be disputed, that in the distribution of favours as well as of burthens Catholic and Protestant should stand upon opposite sides of an equation. No one can pretend that they stand in any such relation at present. In respect of primary education the state endowment is nearly all upon the Catholic side for the reasons so abundantly discussed already. In respect of intermediate education it is all the other way, and we for our private part are content to leave it so. In respect of superior education we have upon the Protestant side the University of Dublin, a great Protestant institution, to the secular teaching, and to some of the prizes of which Catholics are admissible, but upon the Catholic side we have absolutely no equivalent; while the Queen's Colleges, being open to Protestant and Catholic alike, are common quantities, and cannot restore the balance. Complete the equation by giving to the Catholic interest a quantity to balance the University of Dublin. The material is ready to our hands in the Catholic University.

It is not many years ago since the Times, when such an institution was first in contemplation, suggested that if Catholics should be so fortunate as to obtain for their projected University the services of some of the disciplined minds of Oxford and Cambridge that have passed over to their communion, it would entitle them to some sort of countenance. They have obtained for their University all that was suggested, but they do not receive more countenance or support on that account, than if the Rector and Professors were so many hedge-school-masters. The Herald bade welcome to the coming University on the somewhat peculiar ground that Luther was the alumnus of a Catholic University. But now that the University has come, neither the Times out of respect for the literary training it supplies to Catholics "llium in Italiam portans," nor the Herald in anticipation of its promised crop of Luthers, has given to it the support they seemed to hold out Never was a moment more propitious for the adjustment of the question. The existence of free and recognised universities side by side with the State university, and enjoy


ing every privilege of a University, is a fact in Belgium, why not in Ireland ? Mixed education, like the Turkish empire, has no friends, and yet no one is quite prepared to do without it. This is certainly a favourable time, and the rivalry between the great educational establishments of the country for the prizes thrown open to them by competitive examinations, could not fail to promote the general interests of education. And greater than all would be the gain of the country in harmony and good feeling, by the abandonment of theories and frank adoption of realities. Catholic and Protestant must have mixed education in the great school of the world, even if they learn their alphabet and construe their classics apart. T'hey must meet and rub together, and educate each other in the counting house or stock exchange, at the railway board, in the hall of the Four Courts, in municipal councils, in the same or in a different political connexion in the legislature ; but the attempt to conluse the boundaries of Protestant and Catholic education, primary, secondary or superior, we regard as wrong in principle, and if right not practicable. The bare agitation of the question will estrange the fathers, who will bequeath the estrangement to their sons ; suspicion and watchfulness far more than wholesome for the peace of the State will be generated between the parties it was intended to unite; and the substance of that union which mixed education has been instituted to forward, will be lost in the worship of the shadow.



No. XXX.-JULY, 1858.


1. Galerie dles Contemporains Illuslres ; George Sand, Honore

de Balzac. &c. par un Homme de Rien, (M. Loménie.)

Paris, 1842. 2. Les contemporains : George Sand, Honore de Balzac, Eu

gène Sue, Prancis Wey, Louis Veron, Gustave Planche;

par Eugène de Mirecourt, Paris, 1856. A man of business who finds it a difficult matter to keep the passive side of his balance account at a low figure, observes his daughter so absorbed in the perusai of 'the Initials,' that her domestic duties for the day are discharged in a manner far from satisfactory. In the usual evening causerie to which ber liveliness and intelligence contribute so pleasant a zest, he finds her an uninterested listener; and judges from her dis. traught inanner that her mind is between the marbled covers of the book on the side table. He sees her cast a longing look on the unsympatliising volume as she retires to carry out the plot in her dreams, and he is moved to try the quality of the stuff, that like the Egyptian Hachis, affects the faculties for the time with a species of refined inebriation, and makes the every-day accompaniments of common life appear like a. hard sepia-hued photograplı beside a drawing over which a skilful disposition of light and shade, and the contrast and harmony of rich colouring, liave spread their charms. He takes up the volume out of sheer curiosity, and is soon enjoying the roinantic scenery of the Bavarian Highlands, conversing with the chamois hunters, and enjoying the echoing of their jodels among the cliffs. He is presently domesticated in the Rosenberg fainily, and wondering whether the well intentioned but supercilious Hamilton and the sincere, hasty-tempered Iildegardle will be united at the close of the third volume. He occasionally a prospect of a tender and interesting conversation NO: XXX., VOL. VIII.



between them, but some misconception or some interference of those around, drives away the welcome chance, and everything is immediately in the wrangling category, and lie exclaims against the silly impressionable Crescenz or the coquet. tish Mrs. State-Physician Berger that will not let them unfold their thoughts to each other in peace and quietpess.

A pleasant opening occurs. The old people liave gone on a visit, and the younger folk have the house to themselves under the mock tutelage of an indulgent duenna ; and they improve the occasion by resorting to the kitchen and preparing a little feast, Hamilton reading in recitativo from the cookery book, while the ladies superintend the various processes described. Delightful day !-delightful evening, preparing for the masquerade for visiting which by the way they had got no sanction. Alas! there is a rival in the case, a cousin of Hildegarde. A mask is observed to watch their movements; she is separated from her sister, lover, and friends. Hamilton is searching for her, wild with terror and self accusation, when Pater Familias's candle expires, and colicludes a three hours study, during which he had got inore than one uncomplimentary hint from an adjoining room, concerning the very unusual liberty he is taking.

Passing over his uncomfortable first half hour after taking possession of bis pillow, we find him when breakfast is over making a hypocritical apology to Miss Adelaide for taking the second and third volumes to his office, as he has correspondients in Innsbruck and Saltzburg, and wishes to see what is said in the work concerning those places and the surrounding districts, He has to answer a letter just arrived from Hamburgh,—but I/ildegarde's father is seized with the cholera, and common humanity will not suffer him to quit his bed-side to answer a mere business despatch. The hero is watched through a fever by Iililegarde, his long tresses being cut off of course. She is observed afterwards to wear a bracelet of dark auburn hair, and while the attention of the family is engaged in guessing whose chevelure matches it in hue,-our merchant is requested by a clerk to look over an account into which some error has crept. So he will, but let us first be sure if Hildegarde has slily stolen some of the sick man's brown hair, and therefrom fashioned her precious talisman.

It is now after two o'clock, and bank accounts and bills have to be looked after, and various directions given as to in

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