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RUL E XVII.
To, before an Infinitive, in Italian, is also ren-
dered by a and da.
Ex. Let us go to walk, anderémo a spaľo.
I have something to tell you, bỏ qualche cofa

da dirvi.
It is to him to speak, tocca à lui a parlare.
I have Trouble to do it, pena da farlo.

R U L E XVIII. To, before an Infinitive, is expressed by per, when to has the Meaning of for to, or' answers to the Question why. Ex. I bought Cloth (why? for) to make me a Coat,

compro del panno per farmi un giuftacorpo.

RULE XIX. A Participle in ing, coming after Verbs, is changed into the Infinitive Mood. Ex. I hear him crying, l intendo gridare.

RULE XX.

In, before a Participle in ing, is turned by in, or by nel with an Infinitive. Ex. He choaked himself in eating, fi strangolo nel

mangiare, or, mangiando, or, col mangiare.

RULE

RULE XXI.

In, before Nouns of Number that denote a Part of Time, is expressed by trà or frà. Ex. In three Hours, frà tre hore.

In ten Months, trà dieci mesi.
In fifteen Days, frà quindici giorni.

In, before Numerals that denote not the Time, is in.

Ex. In three Bottles, in tre fiaschi.

In a Garden, in un giardino.

RU LE XXII.

To know, when our Knowledge depends on the Senses is conoscere, when it arises from the Mind is sapere. Ex. Is it long since you knew him ? è un pezze

che lo conoscete? Do you know this Dog? conoscete questo

cane?
Do you know any News ? Japéte niente di

nuovo?
Do you know to write? sapete scrivere?

RULE XXIII.

In a Question, the Noun is put after the Verb as in English, and different from the French Tongue.

Ex. Is the Gazette come? è la Gazzetta ve

nuta ? Is the King returned ? è il Re ritornato? Note, sometimes the Noun is put before the Verb.

Ex. Are not the Sleeves too wide? le maniche non

sono troppo larghe?

CHAP. V.

Of NOUNS, ADVERBS, PRE

POSITIONS, &c.

RU LE I.

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HE Negatives not, no, are non; and nothing,

never, take non before the Verb, and niente, and mai, after the Verb: No-body, is nessuno. Ex. I have no Money, non danari.

She has no Memory, non memoria.
She has nothing good, non niente di

buono.
It will be nothing, non sarà niente.
I never saw a worse Beast, non ho mai visto una

più cattiva beftia.

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RU LE IT.

Not, and No, are always Nor.

Ex. Yes, or no, si, ou non.

No Money no Swiss, non quatrini non fuizzeri.
Not yet, non ancira.

RULE III.

If the Negative never begins the Sentence, the Negative is put before the Verb, and the Pronoun that governs the Verb is not expressed. Ex, Neyer did I see him, mai non lo viddi. Nothing is so shameful, niente è cosi' vergognojo.

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RULE IV.

Negatives in Italian are but rarely expressed double before the Infinitive Mood, as they are

in French.

Ex. I pray you not to come ; in French, it is said,

Je vous prie de ne pas venir ; in Italian, ti prego di non venire.

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The Verbs to doubt not, to fear, to hinder, take the Article non before the following Verb, which is put in the Optative Mood.

Ex. I doubt not but he will come, non dubito che

non venga.
I fear he will do it, temo che non faccia.

RULE VI.

In Things contrary the one to the other in Comparison, non is put before the Verb that follows the Particle che.

Ex. I understand better than I speak, intendo meg

lió che non purlo. It is colder than it was, piu freddo che non

faceva.

RU LE VII.

The Particle but takes non before the Verb, and che after the Verb,

Ex. I have but that, non che questa

RU L E VIII.

At, before House, or expressing the Dwelling one lives in, is expressed by da, or in casa with the Pronoun Poffeffive. Ex. At my House, da me, or, in casa-mia.

At thy House, da te, or, in casa tua.
At his, her, House, da lui, da lei, or, in casa

fua.
At their House, da loro M. da eflè F. or, in

casa loro.

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