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who, whom, he, me, him, her, them, is put in the same Gender and Number as the Nouns and Pronouns.
Ex. The Beauty is dead, la beltà è morta. in
Have you seen her? I havete véduta, or vista?
him? il Gentilbuomo è venuto, l'havete
What, and which, in a Question are expressed
What, or which, being turned by that which, governing the Verb, is cio che, or quel che ; but if it relates to what goes before, they are expressed by il cbe.
That which, governed by the Verb, is quel che.
Ex. Which Man, che buomo.
What News, che nuovo.
written, is written, quel ch'è fcritto,
afflicts me, bò sentito della vostra fuentura, il che m'affanna.
RU LĘ JIH
quel M. quello before S and a Conquesta F,
Plural. questi M. quelli, quei, quegli M......" queste F. quelle F. This, before the Time of the Day, is fto M.
That, between two Verbs, either expressed or understood, is che.
That alone is questo; or if That begins the Difcourse, it is cio.
That, turned by who, is che, in a Question thi,
That, turned by whom, is che.
that was here, and that you saw, - questa donzella ch'era, qui e che veddefte.
Questo is used in Thewing the Thing near at hand, quel in Thewing or fesaking of a Thing at a Distance.
RULE IX. .
Plural.. questi, cotefti M. quelli, quei, que', quegli M. quefte, coteste F. quelle F. Ex. This Ring is better than that Ring, questo
annello è meglior di quell annello. That time and this time are two, quel tempo
questo fono duoi.
This, That, without Nouns, in Comparison, and in reference to a Noun before mentioned, are also thus turned : This.
Singular. questo M. quefta F. guel, quello M. quella F. *costui M. cofei F. colui M. colei F. Plural.
Plural. questi M. queste F. quelli
, quei M. quelle F. costoro M. F.
coloro M, F.
For the use of colui, see Page 32:
Ex. This is honest. (speaking of a Woman) and
that is naught, questa è honefta, e quella
cattiva. This Book and that are the best, questo libro e
quel fono i megliori.
RUL E XI.
That, being in Comparison, or relating to another Noun before mentioned, is expreffed in this
quella F... Ex. This Picture is better than that of the other
Room, quell ritratto è meglior di quel dell' altra camera.
R U L E XII. He who see who, are expreffed by chi. Ex. He who loves me follows me, chi mi ama,
mi feque. Note. If who or that, do not immediately follow the Pronoun, but are relative thereto in the fame Sentence, He is expreffed by colui, or, egli the ; She by colei, or, ella che ; the Plural they whom, &c. by chi, or, coloro che, Ex. She is wise that keeps the House, i. e. stays at Home, colei è Javia che si tienne in casa.
RULE They, is frequently in Italian expreffed by fi, and the Verb that follows is most commonly the third Person Singular, unless the Noun that follows be of the Plural Number, in which case the Verb is also put in the Plural Number; and note, that
, put indifferently, in or after the Verb izoi
32401-15 Ex. They say, fi dice, or, dicesi ; they speak, f
parla, or, parlafi. They say things, si dicono cose. The Pronouns Conjunctive, mi, ti, ff, glici, vi, are placed before they in Italian; but' loro them is put after the Verb. Ex. They tell me, mi si dice; they tell them, ji
The Articles him, it, her, them, &c. are not expressed after the Particle fio Ex. They fayvit, fi dice, and not fi lo dice. They believe them, si credano, and not fi cre
The Verb to have, with a Participle Common coming after they, is turned by to be, and agrees with the Noun that follows. Ex. They have taken many Ships, I fono prese