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ye rife fi levano
they rise mi fon levato I am risen, &C. VERBS Neuter are those Verbs that in the Compound Tenses, are conjugated by the Auxiliary avére; as hò parlato, hanno tremato, and never by the Auxiliary ejere. And Note the Participle always ends in o, be it either Singular or Plural Number, Masculine or Feminine; as, the Queen has supped, la Regina hà cenato, your Friends have slept, i vostri amici banno dormitto.
Of VERBS IRREGULAR.
Italian does greatly vary, by reason of the liberty taken by Authors, both in Prose and Poetry; for this cause I shall set down in an Alphabetical List, the several Tenses of these Verbs, according to the different Conjugations; and the Learner will observe, that altho' the formation of Tenses is from the Infinitive Mood of Verbs, there are frequent variations from this Rule.
1. Tenere to keep, Venire to come, take the addition of a g, and make tengó, vengo, and in order to foften the sound, the g is also transposed and forms vegno, tegno; dovere to owe, makes devo.
II. The letter l in Verbs, takes g before o; as dolere to grieve forms dolgo, and sometimes an i is assumed to foften the sound, and makes doglio; valere, to be able, makes vaglio, volere to be willing, voglio.
III. The letter r in the penultima of the Infinitive Mood, is frequently changed into i, as of parere to seem, comes paio; of morire to die moio, and sometime muoro.
IV. The letter of the same penultima is doubled, and makes ci; as piaceré to please, makes piaccio, &c.
V. Those that understand the Latin Tongue will find great ease in forming and conjugating the Verbs Irregular by giving attention particularly to the Definite Tense and the Participle; as for Example, when the Præterit or Definite Tense of the Latin is with an x, it is in Italian changed into double ss, as dixi, disi; if there be two different Consonants, the first is rendered the same as the last, as scripfi, fcrisi : And the like attention will point out also the Participle; as of scriptum is scritto ; factum, fatta; leftum, letto : But not to dwell longer on these Particulars, the different formation of Verbs Irregular will be best learnt by a due attention to the Verbs themselves, as set down in the following List.
Note, the finall Figures before the Tenses of these Verbs following, referr to the like Tenses in the General Table of Derbs.
VÉRBS Irregular of the First CONJUGATION in are, are
I. Andare, to go.
1. Vado, vò vai ya andiamo andate vanno
2. Andavo andavi andava andavamo andavate andavano
3. Andai andarti andò andammo andarte andárono.
4. Anderò, andrò anderai anderà
7. Anderei, andrei andereste, andreste na anderebbe, andrebbe anderemmo, andremmo anderefte, andreste anderebbero, andrebbero
Andato, ta andafte
andati, te N. B. In this Verb, for andare, andate, andava, and andato, it will be found that the Poets use, girl, gite, giva, gito, of which Verb hereafter.
II. Fare, to do. Fò, fai fà facciamo fate
Facévo facévi faceva facevamo facevate facevano
3. Feci, fei facefti, fefti fece, fe facemmo facelte fecero
dia Fatto, ta
diamo Fatti, te.
diate diamo date
diano, diino danno
delli Diedi, detti
deflimo diede, dette, die defte, defi demmo
deffero, deflino. deste,
9. diedero, dettero Dando.