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T.

Of ARTICLES.
HE Articles will be found to be fully ex.

plained in the following Rules ; yet it may not be improper to give the Learner here an Example of their Declensions. The Definite Article Il. or Lo. the or a, Maf

culine. La the or a, Feminine. Sing. Nom. II. the, or a.

Gen. del. of the, or of a.
Dat. al. to the, or to a.
Acc. il. the, or a.
Voc. 0.0.

Abl. dal. from the, or from a.
Plur. Nom. i. or li. the.

Gen. dei. or delli. of the,
Dat. ai or alli to the.
Acc. į or li the.
Voc. 0. 0.

Abl. dai or dalli from the.
Sing. Nom. lo. the, or a.

Gen. dello. of the, or of a.
Dat. allo. to the, or to a.
Acc. lo. the, or a.
Voc. 0. 0.

Abl. dallo. from the, or from a.
Plur. Nom. gli. the.

Gen degli. of the.
Dat. agli. to the.
Acc. gli. the. .
Voc.

0. 0.
Abl. dagli. from the.

.

Sing.

C 2

Sing. Nom. la. the, or a.

Gen. della. of the, or of a.
Dat. alla. to the, or to a.
Acc. la. the, or a.
Voc.
Abl. dalla. from the, or from a.

O. 0.

Plur. Nom. le. the.

Gen delle. of the.
Dat. alle. to the
Acc. le. the.
Voc.

1. 0.
Abl. dalle. from the.

The Articles il, and lo, Singular, with their Plurals i, ii, and gli, serve to the Masculine Gender, and la Sing. le Plural to the Feminine.

Of the NOUNS.

HE Nouns in the Italian Tongue do not

vary their Cases, but like to the English and French, their Cases are distinguished by the Article only ; and the Nouns in the Italian Tongue terminate or end in one of the Vowels a, e, i,

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I shall give an Example of the Declension of Nouns, with the Articles, as in the foregoing Chapter, according to their Terminations.

I. NOUNS

alla Casa,

I. NOUNS ending in a are of the Feminine
Gender, and make their Plural in e.

Singular.
Nom. la Cala the House.
Gen. della Casa, of the House.
Dat.

to the House.
Acc. la Casa, the House.
Voc.

O House.
Abl. dalla Casa, from the House.

Plural.
Nom. le Cale, the Houses.
Gen. delle Cafe, of the Houses.
Dat. alle Case, to the Houses.
Acc. le Cafe, the Houses.
Voc. O Cafe, O Houses.
Abl. dalle Cafe, from the Houses.

O Casa,

Nouns of this Gender, beginning with a Vowel,

make the Article apostrophed in this wise :
Sing. Nom. l'ànima, a foul.

Gen. dell' ànima, of a soul.
Dat. all ànima, to a soul, &c.

Note. 1. Nouns ending in ca and ga, introduce ħ in the Plural Number before the last Vowel, in order to soften the Pronunciation; as, la manica a Neeye, le maniche Plur. la piaga' a wound, le piaghe Plur.

2. Nouns ending in ty in English, and in Italian in tà accented, make their Termination alike in both Numbers, Singular and Plural; as, Chastity,

la castità, le castità Plur. Purity, la purità, Le purità Plur.

3. Nouns of this Termination in a, being Names of Offices or Dignity, are Masculine, and make their Plural in i; as, il profeta a Prophet, li profeti Plur. il podestà a Governor, makes li podestà Plur. il papa a Pope, i papi Plur.

II. Nouns ending in l, both Masculine and

Feminine, Substantives and Adjectives, make
their Plural in i.

Masculine Gender, Singular.
Nom. il Padre, a Father.
Gen. del Padre, of a Father.
Dat. al Padre, to a Father.
Acc. il Padre, a Father,
Voc. O Padre, O Father.
Abl. dal Padre, from a Father.

Plural.
Nom. i Padri, the Fathers.
Gen. dei Padri, of the Fathers.
Dat. ai Padri, to the Fathers.
Acc. i Padri, the Fathers.
Voc. O Padri, O Fathers.
Abl. da i Padri, from the Fathers.

Feminine Gender, Singular.
Nom: la Madre,

a Mother
Gen. della Madre, of a Mother.
Dat. alla Madre,

to a Mother.
Acc. la Madre, a Mother.
Voc. O Madre, O Mother.
Abl. dalla Madre, from a Mother.

Plural.

Plural.
Nom. le Madri, the Mothers,
Gen. delle Madri, of the Mothers.
Dat. alle Madri, to the Mothers.
Acc. le Madri, the Mothers.
Voc. O Madri, O Mothers.

Abl. dalle Madri, from the Mothers. Exception to this Rule, il a King makes i Rè in the Plural; as do also, la Specie a Figure, le Specie ; la Superficie the Superficies, le Superficie ; Ēffegie the Effigies, le Effegie ; la Temperie the Season, le Temperie, and some others.

Bue an Ox makes Buoi in the Plural, Moglia a Wife makes Mogli, Mille a Thousand makes Mila Plural.

Note. Nouns which end in me, are of the Mafculine Gender ; as, il Fiume a River, il Verme a Worm ; except two only, la Speme Hope, la Fame Hunger.

II. All Nouns ending in ore, are of the Masculine Gender ; as, il Cuore the Heart, il Calore Heat, &r. Also Nouns ending in re and nte, except a few of each Termination; as, la Madre a Mother, la Torre a Tower, la Polvere Dust, la Febre a Fever, which are of the Feminine Gender. In nte, there are but two Nouns of the Feminine Gender, viz. la Gente a Nation, la Mente the Mind.

Also the Italians say il and la Fante a Man or Woman Servant, il and la Fronte the Forehead; and the Variation of the Gender in other Nouns is generally as in Latin, and will be found in the Dictionary, and readily occur by Practice.

The

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