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7 before them, and pleased Herod. Whereupon he promised with 8 an oath to give her whatsoever she would ask. And she, being
before instructed of her mother, said, Give me here John Baptist's 9 head in a charger. And the king was sorry: nevertheless for the
supper to his lords, high captains, and chief by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread estates of Galilee ; and when the daughter and water ? 1 Ki. xviii. 4. 13. Jezebel sent of the said Herodias came in, and danced, a messenger unto Elijah, saying, So let the and pleased Herod, and them that sat with gods do to me and more also, if I make not him, the king said unto the damsel, Ask of thy life as the life of one of them (the prophets me whatsoever thou wilt, and I will give it whom she had slain) by to-morrow about this thee. And he sware unto her, Whatsoever time. 1 Ki. xix. 2. When Athaliah, the thou shalt ask of me, I will give it thee, unto mother of Ahaziah, saw that her son was the half of my kingdom. Mar. vi. 21, dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed 22. 23.
royal. 2 Ki. xi. ). Their feet run to evil, The daughter of Herodias.] See verse 4. and make haste to shed blood. Pr. i. 16.
Danced before them.] On the seventh day, The blood-thirsty hate the upright, but the when the heart of the king was merry with just seek his soul. Pr. xxix. 10. I find wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Har- more bitter than death the woman whose bona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and heart is snares and nets, and her hands as Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in bands; the sinner shall be taken by her. Ec. the presence of Ahasuerus the king, to bring vii. 26. Vashti the queen before the king with the A charger.] And his (Nahshon's) offering crown royal, to shew the people and the was one silver charger, the weight whereof princes her beauty; for she was fair to look was an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver
But the queen Vashti refused to come at bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the king's commandment by his chamber- the sanctuary; both of them were full of fine lains; therefore was the king very wroth, flour mingled with oil for a meat-offering. and his anger burned in him. Es. i. 10, On the second day Nethaneel offered for his 11, 12
offering one silver charger, &c. This was the 7 He promised with an oath.] Then said dedication of the altar (in the day when it was the king unto her, What wilt thou, queen anointed) by the princes of Israel. Twelve Esther ? and what is thy request ? It shall chargers of silver, twelve silver bowls, twelve be even given thee; to the half of the kingdom spoons of gold. Each charger of silver weighit shall be performed. And the king said ing an hundred and thirty shekels, &c. Nu. unto Esther at the banquet of wine, What is vii. 13. 19. 84, 85. This is the number of thy petition ? and it shall be granted thee. " them" ("the vessels of the house of the And what is thy request ? even to the half of Lord"), thirty chargers of gold, a thousand the kingdom it shall be performed. Es. v. chargers of silver, &c. &c. Ezr. i. 9. 3. 6. And the king said again unto Esther 9 The king was sorry.] See verse 1. on the second day at the banquet of wine, Sorry.] See verse 5. When they (the What is thy petition, queen Esther ? and it Jews) were gathered together, Pilate said shall be granted thee: and what is thy re- unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto quest? and it shall be performed, even to the you? Barabbas, or Jesus, which is called half of the kingdom. Es. vii. 2.
Christ? for he knew that for envy they had 8 Being before instructed.] Porty and two delivered him. When he was set down on years old was Ahaziah when he began to the judgment seat, his wife sent unto him, reign, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem; saying, Have thou nothing to do with that his mother's name also was Athaliah, the just man; for I have suffered many things daughter of Omri. He also walked in the this day in a dream because of him. What ways of the house of Ahab, for his mother shall I do then with Jesus which is called was his counsellor to do wickedly. 2 Ch. Christ (said Pilate to the Jews who desired xxii. 2, 3. And she, the daughter of Hero- that Barabbas should be released)? They all say dias, went forth and said unto her mother, unto him, Let him be crucified. When Pilate What shall I ask ? and she said, The head of saw that he could prevail nothing, but that John the Baptist. Mar. vi. 24.
rather a tumult was made, he took water, and Give me here John Baptist's head, &c.} It washed his hands before the multitude, saying, was so when Jezebel cut off the prophets of I am innocent of the blood of this just perthe Lord, that Obadiah took an hundred pro- son ; see ye to it. Then answered all the phets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and people, and said, His blood be on us, and fed them with bread and water. Was it not on our children. Then released he Barabbas told my lord (said Obadiah) what I did when unto them. And when he had scourged Jesus, Jezebel slew the prophets of the Lord, how I he delivered him to be crucified. Mat. xxvii
. hid an hundred men of the Lord's prophets 17—26. The king (Belshazzar) when he
oath's sake, and them which sat with him at meat, he commanded
heard these "words" (" Daniel regardeth not But Festus answered, that Paul should be kept thee, Oking, but maketh his petition three at Cesarea, and that he himself would depart times a day''), was sore displeased with himself, shortly thither. Let them, therefore, said he, and set his hearton Daniel to deliver him, and which among you are able, go down with me, he laboured till the going down of the sun and accuse this man, if there be any wickedto deliver him. Then these men said unto ness in him. And when he had tarried the king, Know, o king, that the law of among them more than ten days, he went the Medes and Persians is, that no decree nor down unto Cesarea; and the next day, sitting statute which the king establisheth may be on the judgment seat, commanded Paul to be changed. Then the king commanded, and brought. And when he was come, the Jews they brought Daniel, and cast him into the den which came down from Jerusalem stood of lions. Da. vi. 14, 15, 16. Herod feared round about, and laid many and grievous John, knowing that he was a just man, and complaints against Paul, which they could not an holy, and observed him; and when he prove. While he answered for himself, Neiheard him, he did many things, and heard him ther against the law of the Jews, neither gladly. And the king was exceeding sorry, against the temple, nor yet against Cesar, (when Herodias' daughter asked the head of have I offended any thing at all. But Festus, John the Baptist), yet for his oath's sake, and willing to do the Jews a pleasure, answered for their sakes which sat with him, he would Paul, and said, Wilt thou go up to Jerusalem, not reject her. Mar. vi. 20. 26. Go ye (said and there be judged of these things before Jesus), and tell that “fox” (“ Herod”), Be- me? Ac. xxv. 3-9. hold, I cast out devils, and I do cures to-day The oath's sake.] Jephtha vowed a vow and to-morrow, and the third day I shall be unto the Lord, and said, If thou shalt without perfected. Lu. xiii. 32. Thou couldest have fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine no power at all against me (said Jesus to hands, then it shall be, that whatsoever Pitate), except it were given thee from above : cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath me, when I return in peace from the children the greater sin. And from thenceforth Pilate of Ammon, shall surely be the Lord's, and I sought to release him : but the Jews cried out, will offer it up for a burnt-offering. And it saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not came to pass at the end of two months, that Cesar's friend: whosoever maketh himselfa king she (Jephtha's daughter, who first came forth) speaketh against Cesar. When Pilate therefore returned unto her father, who did with her heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and according to his vow which he had vowed, sat down in the judgment seat, in a place that and she knew no man. Ju. xi. 30, 31, 39. is called the pavement, but in the Hebrew, The men of Israel had sworn in Mizpel, sayGabbátha. And it was the preparation of the ing, There shall not any of us give his daughpassover, and about the sixth hour. And he ter unto Benjamin to wife. How shall we do saith unto the Jews, Behold your king. But for wives for them that remain, seeing we they cried out, Away with him, crucify him. have sworn by the Lord, that we will not give Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your them of our daughters to wives. There must king. The chief priests answered, We have be an inheritance for them that be escaped of no king but Cesar. Then delivered he him Benjamin, that a tribe be not destroyed out of therefore unto them to be crucified. John xix. Israel. Howbeit we may not give them wives 11—16. After certain days, when Felix came of our daughters; for the children of Israel with his wife Drusilla, which was a Jewess, have sworn, saying, Cursed be he that giveth he sent for Paul, and heard him concerning a wife to Benjamin. Then they said, Behold, the faith in Christ. And as he reasoned of there is a feast of the Lord in Shiloh. And righteousness, temperance, and judgment to see and behold, if the daughters of Shiloh come, Felix trembled, and answered, Go thy come out to dance in dances, then come ye way for this time, when I have a convenient (of Benjamin) out of the vineyards, and catch season I will call for thee. He hoped also you every man his wife of the daughters of that money should have been given him of Shiloh, and go to the land of Benjamin. Paul, that he might loose him. Wherefore And the children of Benjamin did so. And he sent for him the oftener, and communed they went and returned unto their inheritwith him. But after two years, Porcius Festus ance, and repaired the cities, and dwelt in came into Felix' room, and Felix willing to them. Ju. xxi. 1. 7. 17, 18. 21. 23. shew the Jews a pleasure left Paul bound. men of Israel were distressed that day (in Ac. xxiv. 24-27. The high priest and the pursuing the Philistines unto Beth-aven), for chief of the Jews desired favour against him Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed (Paul), that he would send for him to Jeru- be the man that eateth any food until evensalem, laying wait in the way to kill him. ing, that I may be avenged on mine enemies.
10 it to be given her. And he sent, and beheaded John in the prison.
So none of the people tasted any food. But him? And while he yet talked with thein, Jonathan heard not when his father charged behold, the messenger came down unto him: the people with an oath. Wherefore he put and he said, Behold, the evil is of the Lord: forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, what should I wait for the Lord any longer ? and dipped it in an honey-comb, and put his 2 Ki. vi. 31, 32, 33. Be not rash with thy hand to his mouth, and his eyes were en- mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty to lightened. Then answered one of the people, 'utter any thing before God : for God is in and said, Thy father straitly charged the heaven, and thou upon earth, therefore let people with an oath, saying, Cursed be the thy words be few. Ec. v. 2. man that eateth any food this day. And the 10 And beheaded John.] Elias is come people were faint. As the Lord liveth (said already (said Jesus of John), and they knew Saul, being informed that the people had sinned him not : but have done unto him whatsoagainst the Lord in that they eat with the ever they listed. Likewise shall also the Son blood), though it be in Jonathan my son, he of man suffer of them. Mat. xvii. 12. The shall surely die. And Saul said to Jonathan, husbandmen (of the householder in the parable) Tell me what thou hast done. And Jonathan took his servants, and beat one, and killed told him, and said, I did but taste a little honey another, and stoned another : again he sent with the end of the rod that was in mine other servants, more than the first, and they hand, and lo, I must die. And Saul an- did unto them likewise. Mat. xxi. 35, 36. swered, God do so, and more also ; for thou The king, which made a marriage for his soil, shalt surely die, Jonathan. And the people sent forth his servants to call them that were said unto Saul, Shall Jonathan die who hath bidden to the wedding, and they would not wrought this great salvation in Israel (" in come. Again he sent forth other servants, smiting the Philistines from Michmash to saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, Aijalon")? God forbid ! As the Lord liveth I have prepared my dinner, my oxen and my there shall not one hair of his head fall to the fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: ground. So the people rescued Jonathan that come unto the marriage. But they made he died not. I Sa. xiv. 24. 27. 39. 43, 44, 45. light of it, and went their ways; one to his So, and more also, do God unto the enemies of farm, another to bis merchandise; and the David, if I (David) leave of all that pertain to remnant took his servants, and entreated them him (Nabal) by the morning light any, &c. spitefully, and slew them. Mat. xxii. 2-6. And David said to Abigail (the wife of Nabal), Behold, I send you prophets, and wise mene Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, which sent and scribes; And some of them ye shall kill thee this day to meet me. And blessed be thy and crucify, and some of them shall ye scourge advice, and blessed be thou, which hast kept me in your synagogues, and persecute them from this day from coming to shed blood, and from city to city. Mat. xxiii. 34, &c. “They avenging myself with mine own hand. For ("the Jews") mocked the messengers of God, in very deed, as the Lord God of Israel liveth, and despised his words, and misused his prowhich hath kept me back from hurting thee, phets, until the wrath of the Lord arose against except thou hadst hasted, and come to meet his people, till there was no remedy. 3 me, surely there had not been left unto Nabal Ch. xxxvi. 16. In vain have I smitten your by the morning light any, &c. 1 Sa. xxv. children: they received no correction: yout 22. 32, 33, 34. And Saul sware to her (the own sword hath devoured your prophets like witch of Endor, to whom he came disguised, and a destroying lion. Je. ii. 30. The king was who feared Saul), by the Lord, saying, As exceeding sorry, yet for his oath's sake, and the Lord liveth, there shall no punishment for their sakes which sat with him, he would happen to thee for “this thing" (" divining not reject her: and immediately the king to him by the familiar spirit"'). I Sa. xxviii. sent an executioner, and commanded his 10. Then (when Jehoram heard of the women head to be brought; and he went and be that had eaten their own children in the famine headed him in the prison, and brought his of Samaria) he said, God do so, and more head in a charger, and gave it to the damsel, also, to me, if the head of Elisha, the son of and the damsel gave it to her mother : and Shaphat, shall stand on him this day. But when his disciples heard of it, they came and Elisha sat in his house, and the elders sat took up his corpse and laid it in a tombe with him: and the king sent a man from be- Mar. vi. 26–29. I say unto you (said Jesus), fore him ; but ere the messenger came to him, that Elias is indeed come, and they have done he said to the elders, See ye how this son of unto him whatsoever they listed, as it is writa murderer hath sent to take away mine ten of them. Mar. ix. 13. John hare ! head? Look, when the messenger cometh, beheaded (said Herod), but who is this of shut the door, and hold him fast at the door, whom I hear such things? And he desired is not the sound of his master's feet behind to see him. Lu. ix. 9. "When " they" (the
And his head was brought in a charger, and given to the damsel: 11 and she brought it to her mother. And his disciples came, and 12 took up the body, and buried it, and went and told Jesus. When 13 Jesus heard of it, he departed thence by ship into a desert place apart : and when the people had heard thereof they followed him on foot out of the cities. And Jesus went forth, and saw a great 14 multitude, and was moved with compassion toward them, and he healed their sick. And when it was evening, his disciples 15 came to him, saying, This is a desert place, and the time is now
two witnesses that shall prophesy), shall have them, Come ye yourselves apart into a desert finished their testimony, the beast that as- place and rest awhile ; for there were many cendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make coming and going, and they had no leisure so war against them, and shall overcome them, much as to eat: and they departed into a and kill them. Re. xi. 7.
desert place by ship privately ; and the people 11 And given to the damsel.] Cursed be saw them departing, and many knew him, their anger, for it was fierce, and their wrath, and ran afoot thither out of all cities, and for it was cruel. Ge. xlix. 7. Wrath is outwent them, and came together unto him. cruel, and anger is outrageous. Pr. xxvii. 4. Mar. vi. 30-33. The apostles, when they The bloodthirsty hate the upright. Pr. were returned, told him (Jesus) all that they xxix. 10. Thine eyes and thine heart are had done. And he took them and went aside not but for thy covetousness, and for to shed privately into a desert place, belonging to the innocent blood, and for oppression, and for city called Bethsaida. Lu. ix. 10. Jesus violence to do it. Je. xxii. 17. Thus saith went over the Sea of Galilee, which is the Sea the Lord God unto Jerusalem, Thy birth and of Tiberias, and great multitudes followed thy nativity is of the land of Canaan ; thy him, because they saw his miracles which he father was an Amorite, and thy mother an did on them that were diseased. John vi. 1, 2. Hittite. Ez. xvi. 3. Take thou up a lamen- 14 And was moved with compassion.] See tation for the princes of Israel, and say, What chap. ix. 36. and com. In those days the is thy mother ! A lioness! she lay down multitude being very great, and having noamong lions ; she nourished her whelps among thing to eat, Jesus called his disciples unto young lions; and she brought up one of her him, and saith unto them, I have compassion whelps ; it became a young lion, and it learnt on the multitude, because they have now to catch the prey; it devoured men. Ez. been with me three days, and have nothing xix. 2, 3. As I live, saith the Lord God, I to eat. Mar. viii. 1, 2. Oft-times it (the will prepare thee unto blood, and blood shall dumb spirit) hath cast him into the fire, and pursue thee ; sith thou hast not hated blood, into the waters, to destroy him: but if thou even blood shall pursue thee. Ez. xxxv. 6. canst do any thing, have compassion on us They have shed the blood of saints and pro- and help us. Mar. ix. 22. When the Lord phets, and thou hast given them blood to saw "her" (the "widow of Nain”) he had Irink; for they are worthy. Re. xvi. 6. compassion on her, and said unto her, Weep I saw the woman (the great whore) drunken not. Lu. vii. 13. And when he was come with the blood of the saints, and with the near, he beheld the city (of Jerusalem), and lood of the martyrs of Jesus : and when I wept over it. Lu. xix. 41. When Jesus aw her, I wondered with great admiration. saw her (Mary) weeping, and the Jews also Re. xvii. 6.
weeping which came with her, he groaned in | 12 Took up the body.) He (Joseph of the spirit and was troubled. Where have ye trimathea) went to Pilate and begged the body laid " him" (" Lazarus,” said Jesus)? they f Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body say unto him, Lord, come and see. Jesus wept.
be delivered: and when Joseph had taken John xi. 33, 34, 35. In all things it behoved he body, he wrapped it in a clean linen him (Jesus) to be made like unto his brethren, loth, and laid it in his own new tomb which that he might be a merciful and faithful high e had hewn out in the rock; and he rolled priest in things pertaining to God, to make great stone to the door of the sepulchre. reconciliation for the sins of the people. lat. xxvii. 58-60. Devout men carried Heb. ii. 17. See chap. xv. 32. tephen to his burial, and made great lamenta- 15 His disciples came to him.) When the on over him. Ac. viii. 2.
day was now far spent his disciples came unto 13 Jesus heard of it.] (See ver. 1, 2. and him and said, This is a desert place, and now \ap. x. 23. and xii. 15.) The Apostles the time is far passed. Send them (the mulithered themselves together unto Jesus, and titudes) away, that they may go into the Id him all things, both what they had done, country round about, and into the villages, id what they had taught; and he said unto and buy themselves bread, for they have no
past; send the multitude away, that they may go into the villages, 16 and buy themselves victuals. But Jesus said unto them, They 17 need not depart; give ye them to eat. And they say unto bim, 18 We have here but five loaves, and two fishes. He said, Bring 19 them hither to me. And he commanded the multitude to sit down on
thing to eat. Mar. vi. 35, 36. Send the should we have so much bread in the wilder, multitude away (said the twelve), that they ness (said the disciples) as to fill so great may go into the towns and country round a multitude. And Jesus saith unto theni, about, and lodge and get victuals, for we are How many loaves have ye? And they said, here in a desert place. Lu. ix. 12.
Seven, and a few little fishes. Mat. xv. 33, Send the multitude away.] His disciples 34. Moses (staggering in faith) said, The came and besought him, saying, Send her people among whom I am are six hundred (the woman of Canaan) away, for she crieth thousand footmen ; and thou hast said, I will after us.
Mat. xv. 23. If I send them away give them flesh, that they may eat a whole fasting (said Jesus) to their own houses, they month. Shall the flocks and the herds be will faint by the way, for divers of them came slain for them to suffice them? And the Lord from far. Mar. viii. 3. See chap. xv. 23. said unto Moses, Is the Lord's hand waxed
16 They need not depart.] There came a short ? thou shalt see now whether my word man from Baal-shalisha, and brought the man shall come to pass unto thee or not. Nu. xi. 21, of God (Elisha) bread of the first fruits, 22, 23. Yea, they (the Israelites) spake against twenty loaves of barley, and full ears of God ; they said, Can God furnish a table in corn, in the husk thereof; and he said, Give the wilderness ? Behold, he smote the rock, unto the people, that they may eat; and his that the waters gushed out, and the streams servitor said, What! should I set this before overflowed ; can he give bread also ? can be an hundred men? He said again, Give the provide flesh for his people? Ps. Ixxviii. 19, people, that they may eat; for thus saith the 20. He (Jesus) answered and said unto Lord, They shall eat and shall leave thereof. them (his disciples), Give ye them to eat. So he set it before them, and they did eat and And they say unto him, Shall we go and bus left thereof, according to the word of the Lord. two hundred pennyworth of bread and give 2 Ki, iv, 42, 43, 44. If I have withheld the them to eat ? He saith unto-them, How poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes many loaves have ye? go and see. And of the widow to fail, or have eaten my morsel when they knew, they say, Five, and two myself alone, and the fatherless hath not eaten fishes. Mar. vi. 37, 38. From whence can a thereof, then let mine arm fall from my man satisfy these men with bread here in the shoulder-blade. Job xxxi. 16, 17. 22. There is wilderness? And he asked “them" (his that scattereth and yet increaseth, and there is “disciples"), How many loaves have ye? and that withholdeth more than is meet, but it they said, Seven. Mar, viii. ; 4, 5. Give ye tendeth to poverty. Pr. xi. 24. Give a por- them to eat (said Jesus); and they (the distion to seven and also to eight, for thou ciples) said, We have no more but five leaves knowest not what evil shall be upon the and two fishes; except we should go, and buy earth. Ec. xi. 2. He that hath two coats, meat for all this people. Lu. ix. 13. When let him impart to him that hath none; and he Jesus lifted up his eyes and saw a great com that hath meat, let him do likewise. Lu. iii. pany come unto him, he saith unto Philip, 11. Some of them (the disciples) thought Whence shall we buy bread that these may (upon hearing their Lord say to Judas, That eat? (And this he said to prove him, for he thou doest, do quickly) that Jesus had said himself knew what he would do.) Philip unto him, Buy those things that we have need answered him, Two hundred pennyworth of of against the feast, or that he should give bread is not sufficient for them, that every something to the poor. John xiii. 29. More- one of them may take a little. One of his over, brethren, we do you to wit of the grace disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia; saith unto him, There is a lad here whick how that in a great trial of affliction the hath five barley-loaves and two small fishes, abundance of their joy and their deep poverty but what are they among so many? Jelen abounded unto the riches of their liberality. vi. 5---9. 2 Co. viii. 1, 2. Every man according as he 19 He commanded the multitude to sit down.] purposeth in his heart, so let him give ; not And he commanded the multitude to sit down grudgingly, or of necessity : for God loveth a on the ground. Mat. xv. 36, And he comcheerful giver. And God is able to make all manded them to make all sit down by comgrace abound toward you; that ye, always panies upon the green grass. Mar. vi. 39. having all sufficiency in all things, may abound And he commanded the people to sit down on to every good work. 2 Co. ix. 7, 8.
the ground, and he took the seven loaves, and 17 We have here but five loaves.] Whence gave thanks, and brake, and gave to his dis