תמונות בעמוד


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1 with all your soul. De. xlii, acient, and honourable, he is

the prophet that teacheth lies, cs; for the leaders of this people to err, and they that are led of stroyed. Is. ix. 15, 16. Then ud unto me (said Jeremiah), The ophesy lies in my name, I sent neither have I commanded them, ake unto them. They prophesy a false vision and divination; and of nought, and the deceit of their herefore, thus saith the Lord conthe prophets that prophesy in my and I sent them not, yet they say,

and famine shall not be in this land; ord and famine shall those prophets be med. And the people to whom they .esy shall be cast out in the streets of alem, because of the famine and the id: and they shall have none to bury !, their wives, nor their sons, nor their ghters : for I will pour their wickedness on them. Je. xiv. 14, 15, 16. I have seen

lly in the prophets of Samaria : they pro. hesied in Baal, and caused my people Israel to err. I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing; they commit adultery, and walk in lies: they strengthen also the hands of evil doers, that none doth return from his wickedness; they are all of them unto me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof, as Gomorrah ; therefore thus saith the Lord of hosts concerning the prophets, Behold, I will feed them with wormwood, and

make them drink the water of gall. For from of the prophets of Jerusalem is profaneness gone me forth into all the land. Thus saith the Lord hie of hosts, Hearken not unto the words of the in prophets that prophesy unto you: they make it, you vain : they speak a vision of their own nts heart, and not out of the mouth of the Lord; 8. they say unto every one that walketh after

the imagination of his own heart, No evil : led shall come upon you. Je. xxiii. 13--17. from Then said the prophet Jeremiah unto Hana

niah the prophet, Hear now Hananiah : the Lord hath not sent thee : but thou makest

this people to trust in a lie. Therefore, thus I shall saith the Lord, Behold, I will cast thee from is shall off the face of the earth : this year thou shalt le shall die, because thou hast taught rebellion against is, and the Lord. So Hananiah the prophet died somuch, the same year, in the seventh month. Je. mive the xxviii. 15, 16, 17. Thus saith the Lord of i before. hosts, the God of Israel, of Ahab the son of pre arise Kolaiah, and of Zedekiah the son of Maa

dreams, seiah, which prophesy a lie unto you in my in the sign name. Behold, I will deliver them into the

he spake hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, her gods, and he shall slay them before your eyes.

us serve Therefore thus saith the Lord, Behold, I will he words punish Shemaiah the Nehelamite, and his dreams: seed, he shall not have a man to dwell among

to know this people ; neither shall he behold the good 1, with all that I will do for my people, saith the Lord; be


1 man


which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are

cause he hath taught rebellion against the Lord. the chief seats in synagogues, and the upperJe. xxix. 21. 32. The wall is no more, neither most rooms at feasts, which devour widows they that daubed it; To wit, the prophets houses ; and for a pretence make long prayers of Israel which prophesy concerning Jeru- These shall receive greater damnation. Ma. salem, and which see visions of peace for her, xii. 38, 39. 40. Now I beseech you brethren, and there is no peace, saith the Lord God. mark them which cause divisions and offences, Because with lies ye have made the heart of contrary to the doctrine which ye have the righteous sad, whom I have not made learned, and avoid them. For they that are sad; and strengthened the hands of the such, serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but wicked, that he should not return from his their own belly; and by good words and fair wicked way, by promising him life. Ex. xiii. speeches, deceive the hearts of the simple. 15, 16. 22. Thus saith the Lord concerning Ro. xvi. 17, 18. What I do, that I will de, the prophets, that make my people err, that that I may cut off occasion from them which bite with their teeth, and cry peace; and he desire occasion, that wherein they glory they that putteth not into their mouths, they even may be found, even as we, for such are false prepare war against him. Therefore night shall apostles, deceitful workers, transforming them be unto you, that ye shall not have a vision, selves into the apostles of Christ. And so and it shall be dark unto you, that ye shall marvel ; for Satan himself is transformed into not divine. And the sun shall go down over an angel of light. Therefore it is no great the prophets, and the day shall be dark over thing if his ministers also be transformed, as them. Then shall the seers be ashamed and the ministers of righteousness, whose end the diviners confounded, yea, they shall cover shall be according to their works. 2 Ca. i. their lips, for there is no answer of God. The 12–15. Neither Titus, who was with me, heads " thereof' (of Jerusalem") judge for being a Greek, was compelled to be circumreward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, cised, and that because of false brethren, and the prophets thereof divine for money ; unawares brought in, who came in privily to yet will they lean upon the Lord, and say, spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Is not the Lord amoug us: none evil can Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage come upon us. Mi. iii. 5, 6, 7. 11. False Ga. ii. 3, 4. And he gave some apostles, and Christs and false prophets shall rise, and shall some prophets, and some evangelists, and some shew signs and wonders, to seduce, if it were pastors and teachers; that we henceforth be possible, even the elect. But take ye heed ; no more children, tossed to and fro, and behold, I have foretold you all things. Mar. carried about with every wind of doctrine, by xiii. 22, 23. There were false prophets also the sleight of men, and cunning craftines, among the people, even as there shall be false whereby they lie in wait to deceive. Ep. teachers among you, who privily shall bring iv. 11. 14. Let'no man deceive you with in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord vain words: for because of these things cometh that bought them, and bring upon themselves the wrath of God upon the children of disswift destruction. And many shall follow obedience. Ep. v. 6. Beware, lest any man their pernicious ways, by reason of whom the spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, way of truth shall be evil spoken of. And after the tradition of men, after the radithrough covetousness shall they with feigned ments of the world, and not after Christ. Cal. words make merchandise of you, whose judg. ii. 8. Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, ment now of a long time lingereth not, and that in the latter times, some shall depart their damnation slumbereth not. 2 Pe. ii. from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, 1, 2, 3. Beloved, believe not every spirit, and doctrines of devils ; speaking lies in but try the spirits whether they are of God, hypocrisy; having their conscience seared because many false prophets are gone out into with a hot iron : forbidding to marry, and the world. John iv. 1. And the beast was commanding to abstain from meats, which God taken, and with him the false prophet that hath created to be received with thanksgiving wrought miracles before him, with which he of them which believe and know the truth. deceived them that had received the mark 1 Ti. iv. 1, 2, 3. Men shall be lovers of of the beast, and them that worshipped his their own selves, &c. Having a form of god. image; these both were cast alive into a lake liness, but denying the power thereof: from of fire burning with brimstone. Re. xix. 20. such turn away. For this sort are they which

Which come to you in sheep's clothing.] It creep into houses, and lead captive silly shall come to pass that the prophets shall be women, laden with sins, led away with divers ashamed every one of his vision, when he hath lusts, ever learning, and never able to come prophesied, neither shall they wear a rough gar- to the knowledge of the truth. Now as ment to deceive. Zec. xiii. 4. And he (Jesus) Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of the these also resist the truth, men of corrupt Scribes, which love to go in long clothing, minds, reprobate concerning the faith. But and love salutations in the market-places, and they shall proceed no farther, for their folly

ravening wolves. . Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men 16

shall be manifest unto all men, as theirs also her prophets are light and treacherous perwas. 2 Ti. iii. 549. Evil men and seducers sons; her priests have polluted the sanctuary, shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and they have done violence to the law. Zep. being deceived. 2 Ti. iii. 13. The time iii. 3, 4. I know this, that after my departing will come when they will not endure sound shall grievous wolves enter in among you, doctrine ; but after their own lusts shall they not sparing the flock. Also of your own heap to themselves teachers, having itching selves shall men arise, speaking perverse ears. 2 Ti. iv. 3. But there were false things, to draw away disciples after them. prophets also among the people, even as there Ac. xx. 29, 30. I saw the woman drunken shall be false teachers among you, who privily with the blood of the saints, and with the shall bring in damnable heresies, even deny- blood of the martyrs of Jesus; and when I ing the Lord that bought them, and bring saw her I wondered with great admiration. upon themselves swift destruction. And many Re. xvii. 6. See chap. xxiv. 11. shall follow their pernicious ways by reason 16 Shall know them by their fruits, &c.] of whom the way of truth shall be evil See verse 20. Either make the tree good, spoken of, and through covetousness shall and his fruit good, or else make the tree they with feigned words make merchandise corrupt, and his fruit corrupt, for the tree is of you: whose judgment now of a long time known by his fruit. Mat. xii. 33. The Lord lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth knoweth how to deliver the godly out of not. For when they speak great swelling temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto words of vanity they allure through the lusts the day of judgment to be punished. But of the flesh, through much wantonness, those chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the that were clean escaped from them who live lust of uncleanness, and despise government, in error. While they promise them liberty, presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they are they themselves are the servants of corrup- not afraid to speak evil of dignities. Whereas tion ; for of whom a man is overcome, of the angels, which are greater in power and might, same is he brought in bondage, 2 Pe. ii. 1, bring not railing accusation against them 2, 3. 13, 19. There are certain men crept in before the Lord. But these, as natural brute unawares, who were before of old ordained to beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the evil of the things that they understand not ; and grace of our God into lasciviousness, and shall utterly perish in their own corruption ; denying the only Lord God, and our Lord and shall receive the reward of unrighteousJesus Christ. Jude 4. I beheld another ness, as they that count it pleasure to riot in beast coming up out of the earth, and he had the day time. Spots they are and blemishes, two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a sporting themselves with their own deceivings dragon. And he doeth great wonders, so that while they feast with you ; having eyes full he maketh fire come down from heaven on of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin ; the earth in the sight of men, and deceiveth beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have them. And he caused all, both small and exercised with covetous practices; cursed chilgreat, rich and poor, free and bond, to re- dren: which have forsaken the right way, and ceive a mark in their right hand, or in their are gone astray, following the way of Balaam foreheads, &c. Re. xiii. 11–17.

the son of Bosor, who loved the wages of Are ravening wolves.] Iis watchmen are unrighteousness, but was rebuked for his inblind, they are all ignorant, they are all dumb iquity: the dumb ass speaking with man's dogs, they cannot bark : sleeping, lying down, voice, forbad the madness of the prophet. loving to slumber, yea, they are greedy dogs. These are wells without water, clouds that which can never have enough, and they are are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist shepherds that cannot understand : they all of darkness is reserved for ever. For when look to their own way, every one for his gain they speak great swelling words of vanity, from bis quarter. Is. Ixv. 10, 11. There is they allure through the lusts of the flesh, a conspiracy of her prophets in the midst through much wantonness those that were thereof like a roaring lion ravening the prey : clean escaped from them who live in error. they have devoured souls, they have taken 2 Pe. ii. 9—18. These (false teachers) speak the treasure and precious things, they have evil of those things which they know not, inade her many widows in the midst thereof. but what they know naturally as brute beasts, Ex. xxii. 25. Thus saith the Lord, Con- in those things they corrupt themselves : woe cerning the prophets, that make my people unto them, for they have gone in the way of err, that bite with their teeth, and cry peace; Cain. These are spots in your feasts of and he that putteth not into their mouths, charity, when they feast with you, feeding they even prepare war against him. Mi. iii. themselves without fear : clouds they are 5. Her (Jerusalem's) princes within her are without water, carried about of winds. Trees roaring lions; her judges are evening wolves; whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice they gnaw not the bones till the r W; dead, plucked up by the roots ; raging waves VOL. II.


17 gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? Even so every good

tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth of the sea, foaming out their own shame, Spirit of the Lord is upon me, to appoint wandering stars, to whom is reserved the unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto blackness of darkness for ever. And Enoch them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for also the seventh from Adam prophesied of mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with of heaviness ; that they might be called Trees ten thousand of his saints to execute judg- of righteousness; the planting of the Lord, ment upon all, and to convince all that are that he might be glorified. Is. lxi. 3. I was ungodly among them of all their ungodly like a lamb, or an ox, that is brought to the deeds which they have ungodly committed; slaughter, and I knew not that they had and of all their hard speeches which ungodly devised against me, saying, Let us destroy the sinners have spoken against bim. These are tree with the fruit thereof, and let us cut him murmurers, complainers, walking after their off from the land of the living, that his name own lusts, and their mouth speaketh great may be no more remembered. Je. al. 19. swelling words, having men's persons in admi- He (that trusteth in the Lord) shall be as a tree ration, because of advantage. But beloved, planted by the waters, and that spreadeth out remember ye the words which were spoken her roots by the river, and shall not see when before of the apostles of our Lord Jesus heat cometh ; but her leaf shall be green, and Christ; how that they told you, there should shall not be careful in the year of drought, be mockers in the last time, who should walk neither shall cease from yielding fruit. Je after their own ungodly lusts. These be they xvii. 8. He (Jesus) spake also this parable. who separate themselves; sensual, having not A certain man had a fig-tree planted in his the Spirit: but ye, beloved, building up your- vineyard, and he came and sought fruit thereselves on your most holy faith, praying in the on, and found none. Then said he unto the Holy Ghost, keep yourselves in the love of dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, Christ unto eternal life. Jude 10—21. and find none, cut it down, why cumbereth it

Do men gather grapes, &c.] A good tree the ground ? And he answering, said unto bringeth not forth corrupt fruit, neither doth him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. For shall dig about it and dung it, and if it bear every tree is known by his own fruit, for of fruit, well; and if not, then after that thou thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a shalt cut it down. Lu. xiii. 6-9. The bramble-bush gather they grapes. A good fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long man out of the good treasure of his heart suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekbringeth forth that which is good; and an ness, temperance, against such there is no evil man, out of the evil treasure of his heart law. And they that are Christ's have crucified bringeth forth that which is evil; for of the the flesh with the affections and lusts. Ga. . abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh. 22, 23, 24. The fruit of the Spirit is in all Lu. vi. 43, 44, 45. Can the fig-tree, my goodness, and righteousness, and truth. Ep. brethren, bear olive berries? Either a vine v. 9. This I pray, that your love may abound, figs? So can no fountain both yield salt being filled with the fruits of righteousness

, water and fresh. Ja. iii. 12.

which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and 17 Every good tree bringeth forth good praise of God. Phi. i. 11. We do not cease to fruit.] And he (who delights in the law of pray for you, that ye might walk worthy of the Lord) shall be like a tree planted by the the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit every good work, and increasing in the knowin his season ; his leaf also shall not wither, ledge of God. Col i. 10. The wisdom that and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper. Ps. is from above is first pure, then peaceable, i. 3. Those that be planted in the house of gentle, and easy to be entreated, full of mercy, the Lord shall flourish in the courts of our and good fruits, without partiality, and withGod. They shall still bring forth fruit in old out hypocrisy. And the fruit of righteousness age; they shall be fat and flourishing. Ps. xcii. is sown in peace, of them that make peace. 13, 14. Now, 0 inhabitants of Jerusalem, Ja. iii. 17, 18. and men of Judah, judge I pray you, betwixt But a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit.) me and my vineyard : what could have been Either make the tree good, and his fruit done more to my vineyard, that I have not good, or else make the tree corrupt, and his done in it? Wherefore when I looked that fruit corrupt, for the tree is known by his it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth fruits. Mat. xii. 33. O generation of vipers, wild grapes. And now go to, I will tell you how can ye, being evil, speak good things? what I will do to my vineyard : I will take for out of the abundance of the heart the away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten mouth speaketh. A good man out of the good up; and break down the wall thereof, and it treasure of the heart bringeth forth good shall be trodden down. Is. v. 3, 4, 5, The things; and an evil man, out of the evil treasure

evil fruit. A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can 18 a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. Every tree that bringeth not 19 forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. Wherefore 20 by their fruits shall know them. Not every one that saith unto 21 me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he


bringeth forth evil things. Mat. xii. 33, 34, spirits the name of the Lord Jesus, saying, 35. These are spots in your feasts of charity, We adjure you by Jesus whom Paul preacheth. when they feast with you, feeding themselves And the evil spirit answered and said, Jesus I without fear. Clouds they are without water, know, and Paul I know; but who are ye? carried about of the winds; trees whose fruit Ac. xix. 13. 15. ' For not the hearers of the withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked law are just before God, but the doers of the up by the roots. Jude 12.

law shall be justified. Ro. ii. 13. They pro18 Cannot bring forth evil fruit.] The fess that they know God; but in works they flesh lusteth against the spirit, and the spirit deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, against the flesh: and these are contrary the and unto every good work reprobate. Tit. i. one to the other; so that ye cannot do the 16. But be ye doers of the word, and not things that ye would. Ga. v. 17. Whosoever hearers only, deceiving your own selves. is born of God doth not commit sin, for his Ja. i. 22. Wilt thou know, O vain man, that seed remaineth in him; and he cannot sin, faith without works is dead? Was not Abrabecause he is born of God. In this the chil- ham our father justified by works, when he dren of God are manifest, and the children of had offered Isaac his son upon the altar ? the devil. Whosoever doeth not righteous Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, ness is not of God; neither he that loveth not and by works was faith made perfect? Ye his brother. 1 John iii. 9, 10.

see then, how that by works a man is justified, *19 Bringeth not forth good fruit.] See chap. and not by faith only; for as the body withiii. 10. And when the disciples sáw it (that out the spirit is dead, so faith without works the fig tree withered away), they marvelled, is dead also. Ja. ii. 20—26. saying, How soon is the fig tree withered Shall enter into the kingdom of heaven.] Exaway! Mat. xxi. 20. Now also the axe is cept ye be converted, and become as little laid unto the root of the trees: every tree children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit of heaven. Mat. xviji. 3. It is easier for a is hewn down and cast into the fire. Lu. iii. camel to go through the eye of a needle than 9. These ( false teachers) are spots in your for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of feasts of charity, when they feast with you, heaven. Mat. xix. 24. Verily I say unto feeding themselves without fear. Clouds they you (said Jesus to the Scribes and Pharisees), are without water, carried about of winds; trees that the publicans and the harlots go into the whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, kingdom of God before you! Mat. xxi. 31. plucked up by the roots. Jude 12.

Lord, Lord, open unto us (said the foolish 20 By their fruits ye shall know them.] See virgins), but he answered and said, Verily I verse 16. And now I say unto you (said Ga- say unto you, I know you not. Mat. xxv. II, maliel), Refrain from “these men" (the 12. Well done thou good and faithful servant "apostles"), and let them alone ; for if this (said the lord to him who had received five counsel or this work be of men it will come to talents); thou hast been faithful over a few nought. Ac. v. 38.

things, I will make thee ruler over many 21 Saith unto me, Lord, Lord, &c.] Lord, things; enter thou into the joy of thy lord. Lord, open to us (said the foolish virgins in the Mat. xxv. 21. Hear ye this, o house of parable). But he (the bridegroom) answered Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and said, Verily I say unto you, I know you and are come forth out of the waters of Judah, not. Mat. xxv. 11, 12. Israel shall cry unto which swear by the name of the Lord, and me, My God, we know thee. Israel shall cast make mention of the God of Israel, but not in off the thing that is good ; the enemy shall truth, nor in righteousness. For they call pursue him. Ho. viii. 2, 3. Why call ye me themselves of the holy city, and stay themLord, Lord, and do not the things which I say? selves upon the God of Israel. The Lord of Eu. vi. 46. When once the master of the hosts is his name. Is. xlviii. ), 2. If thine house is risen up (said Jesus), and hath shut eye offend thee pluck it out; it is better for to the door, and ye begin to stand without, thee to enter into the kingdom of God with and to knock at the door, saying, Lord, Lord, one eye, than having two eyes to be cast into open unto us! And he shall answer and say hell fire. Mar. ix. 47. How hardly shall unto you, I know you not whence ye are they that have riches enter into the kingdom Then shall ye begin to say, &c. Lu. xiii. 25. of God! And the disciples were astonished Certain of the vagabond Jews, exorcists, took at his words ; but Jesus answereth again, and upon them to call over them which had evil saith unto them, Children, how hard is it for

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