« הקודםהמשך »
Patent from the King and Queen, March 17th, 1557, for carrying into effect the munificent intentions of the late Archbishop
Thoresby, writing in 1724, says the brethren and sisters then received £10 18s. each per annum, and the master £50. When, in 1786, the Rev. John Simpson was made master, he found that the estates were generally let below their real value; and after a tedious suit with the tenants (see Vesey's Reports), the right of the master, brethren and sisters to the full value of their lands was established. The Rev. Joseph Hunter, in South Yorkshire, vol. ii, p. 430 (sub-parish of Hemsworth, 1831), says : “the Reserved Rents were then said to exceed £2,000, affording a revenue to each brother and sister of about £90 per annum. A new scheme of management was sanctioned by the Court of Chancery in 1857, reducing the stipend of the brethren and sisters to £40 a year; and with the surplus funds accruing through this change, a new and commodious hospital was erected at a cost of about £8,000, which was to be further enlarged as funds accumulated, with a view to the benefits being extended to a greater number of poor persons.
And so nearly four hundred years are passed, but this man is not forgotten, and his influence not gone : The good men do lives after them, their evil deeds are buried with their bones.”—-pace Mark Antony.
The authorities consulted for this Paper are : For the pedigree, the Harl. MS. 4630 ; Plut. lviii, F., p. 285; and Harl. MS. 1487, f. 468b (Brit. Museum) : it is further duly recorded in the Heralds' College.
For the arms : The College of Arms, London.
For the life : Biography of Archbishop Holgate, by Rev. William Hunt; and a yet better account by Joseph Wilkinson in Worthies, Families, etc., of Barnsley and District; and researches made by Wyndham Holgate, of Ardingly, Sussex. And further, Drake's Ebor., p. 452 ; Hunter's South Yorks., ii, 430 ; Browne Willis' Cathedrals, i, 44 ; Collier’s Eccl. History; Strype's Memoirs; Cranmer, pp. 77, 440; Ormsby's York; Dugdale's Monasticon, vi, 954 ; Machyn's Diary (Camden Society); Gentleman's Magazine, 1800, Pt. I (untrustworthy sketch of life);
Bishop Stubbs on Investiture with the Pall, 1860, Pt. II, p. 522; State Papers Henry VIII, v, Nos. 340, 345 ; MS. State Papers Mary, Dom. VI., f. 84, on Holgate's marriage ; MS. extract of Arms from Records of the College of Arms, by Bluemantle, Pursuivant, January 30th, 1888.
For Holgate's works on Council of the North (1540-4), see British Museum Additional MSS.; Transactions between England and Scotland, 32646-55 passim, containing numerous letters signed by him, with others, on public affairs.
For his foundations : Carlisle's Endowed Schools,
eport 11, pp. 817, 821, 858: 919; and for suit before the Privy Council relating to removal of Hemsworth Grammar School, Times, March 7th, 1887, p. 3.
I have one or two further remarks to make. The oath taken by Robert Holgate on his translation to the See of York, 1544-5, at Lambeth, was a new form, in future to be taken by all bishops, and Holgate was the first who took it. The significant passage occurs : “I, Robert Archbishop of York elect, having now the veil of darkness of the usurped power, authority and jurisdiction of the See and Bishop of Rome clearly taken away from mine eyes, do utterly testify and declare in my conscience, that neither the See nor the Bishop of Rome, nor any foreign potentate, hath, nor ought to have, any jurisdiction, power or authority within this realm, neither by God's laws nor by any just law or means
The Archbishop appears to have had strong leanings towards Church reform, and to have been somewhat of a Progressive, as we should say nowadays, vide his Injunctions in date 1552, extracted from the Statutes, etc., of the Cathedral of York, too long to enter upon here. .
His appeal from the Tower to the Queen's mercy is addressed to the Right Honorable Sir Richard Southwell, one of the Queen's Privy Council, saying: “ These premisses being tendrelye considered I entyrely desire youe good Mr. Southwell for Christe seike to be a meane for me to the Queene's most excellent & Royall Majestie.
An inventory was taken of his goods on his deprivation of the See-of York, when his property was looted and
seized, and his houses raided. His property in money and precious stones and ornaments was considerable; his beds and hangings rich, his carpets good—he specially mentions two Turkey carpets-and of his five houses says that “3 were very well furnished, and two meetly well.” Also of household stores a considerable quantity; wheat, malt, oats, salt-fish, and five or six tuns of wine. More than 2,500 sheep were taken, more than four or five score of horses, and a good harneys & artillery sufficient for 7 score men.” The Archbishop laid this Inventory and his complaint for the loss of all his goods in a Bill of Complaint before the House of Lords (C. C. Coll., Cam., MS., No. cv, fol. 33. Gent.'s Mag., vol. 95, pt. I, p. 595, 1825).
By what we are pleased to call a curious coincidence, though a coincidence of very ordinary occurrence, the day I finished, in Sussex, reading the MSS. relating to Archbishop Holgate, my copy of the Athenaum was sent on to me from London, in date June 17th ; it contained an article on “ Chaucer's Court of Venus,” with a bantering comment on the indiscretions of Sempringham Priory. Within the same week came, in the daily papers, an announcement that the Bishop of Lincoln would shortly consecrate and open a new porch in the Priory church at Sempringham : that Priory church which was founded by St. Gilbert; the porch is in use now.
For the description of the Prior's head house in London, see Strype's Stow (1720), book iii, p. 238; and Maitland's London (1739), p. 503. In the latter work (p. 503), a passage runs: "In Smithfield was that spacious and lofty wooden edifice denominated High Hall still standing in St. John's Court. This ancient structure of wood and stone was the city residence of the Prior of Sempringham in Lincolnshire, as is evident from the writings thereunto belonging in the custody of Sir Harry Featherstone, wherein the said house is denominated Sempringham Head-house.”
In the York Diocesan Magazine for November, 1898, mention is made of the new “ provincial Seal of York : Chancery and Vicar-General,” which is stated to “follow the old Holgate devise”; this is incorrect, the seal
referred to is that of Robert Waldby, Archbishop of York from 1396-1398, which is now in the Museum at York. It is in perfect condition, and very beautiful. The British Museum has a copy of this seal, and oddly enough, also refers to it as Robert Holgate's seal (vide “Heralds' College Records”).
The charming picture of mother and child (painted by Romney) I also exhibit to-night, is the portrait of Ann Holgate, born 1752, died 1817, heiress of Earl's Colne Priory, Essex ; only child of C. W. Holgate, of Saffron Walden. She married Rev. Thomas Carwardine, vicar of Earl's Colne. The child is their eldest son, who died unmarried during his father's life. A branch of the old Yorkshire family of Holgate of Stapleton, of which the Archbishop was a member, settled at Saffron Walden ; many are buried there. Another branch settled in Lincoinshire, but there are few of the name now living.
There are some memorials of the Archbishop at Hemsworth :
1.–Over the doorway of the disused buildings of the Hospital :
“ The Hospital of
A native of this town,
Endowed by him with divers lands
Founded, according to his directions, 1555.
Esqrs. Erected Anno Dom. 1770, by Robert Strange.” 2.–Over the entrance arch of the new buildings : “Hospital of ROBERT HOLGATE, Archbishop.
Founded 1555." 3.-Small panel on south chancel wall: Arms—“See of York, imp. or, 3 bulls' heads erased sa.”
“To ROBERT HOLGATE, Fifty-ninth Archbishop of York. Born 1481 ; died 1555, who founded in this his native place the Holgate Grammar School, 1546 : and the Holgate Hospital 1555 : this Arch is erected by the Trustees of his foundations & the Parishioners of Hemsworth, in grateful commemoration of the benefactions, A.D. 1887 "
4.-Shields in the Board Room. Arms: "See of York, imp. with Arms of Archbishop Waldby." “Hospital of Robert HOLGATE. Founded 1555.
Rebuilt 1860." 5.—A silver flagon, modern ; also engraved with Waldby's Arms. 6.—Inscription on silver badges :
“Ex dono Rob’tus Holgate, Archiebisc'up Ebor. Anno 1555.
Fact. R. W.1 1687. 7.—A carving of the Archbishop's Arms, formerly over a door in the Hospital, to which I have before referred.
8.-In front of the Chapel, in a niche under a canopy, is a full-length stone statue, stated to be that of the founder by Joseph Wilkinson, in his Worthies of Barnsley and District.
9.—An oil-painting-a portrait of the Archbishop-is in the Governor's room of the Hospital.
This was engraved by James Stow at the end of last century.
A copperplate engraving of this picture, from which is taken the impression I present, is in the possession of Wyndham Holgate, of Ardingly, Sussex, who represents the Essex branch of the family, and whose coat-of-arms, as borne by his father and grandfather, I lay upon the table. The coat differs somewhat from that of the Archbishop, as was not unusual in distinguishing various members of a dispersed family.
St. Gilbert, 1085-1189 : extracts from Newman's Lives of the English Saints.
Dugdale's Monasticon, MS. British Museum ; and MS. Life of St. Gilbert, lent to Cardinal Newman by William Lockhart, now a Brother of Institute of Charity at Loughborough.
Gilbert, son of Sir Josceline, a Norman knight, was born at the
i Robert Wrighton, a lawyer of Hemsworth, who regained much property for the Hospital, and may be called the second founder. He died 1708, and was buried at Hemsworth.