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the fact that prehistoric man, more than two thousand years ago in Scotland, was passing through that very stage of culture in which the Australian native is found to-day ?
Every indication goes to show that the discoveries at Dumbuie, Auchintorlie, Cochno and Dumbuck, all belong to the same period, and are the work of the same people; and that can be, to judge by all the evidence available, in Scotland none other than a non-Celtic prehistoric race, ignorant of the use of metals. There is no need to specify further, as the Paper sufficiently indicates who these would be.
There can be no possible question of “forgery” in regard to the rock markings at Cochno and Auchintorlie, for, fortunately, the discoveries were made and Mr. Donnelly's drawings executed in the year 1895, while the Australian drawings were not published until 1899; consequently, neither the antiquary nor the artist could have the slighest inkling of the significance of the mysterious signs and symbols which they faithfully copied and did not invent. Besides, there are myriads of such designs, not only in Scotland but all over the world, as has been pointed out in the Paper (p. 172).
APPENDIX D. OTHER EXAMPLES OF CRANNOGS OR PILE-DWELLINGS BELONGING
TO THE STONE AGE IN THE BRITISH ISLES. Since the above Paper was written, further research has shown me that Dr. Munro is undoubtedly wrong in asserting that there are no examples of crannogs or pile-dwellings of the Stone Age in the British Islands; and that the Dumbuck crannog, if adjudged to belong to that age, will not be by any ineans unique.
In the year 1866, Col. Lane-Fox (now Gen. Fox-Pitt-Rivers)? read a Paper before the Anthropological Society, entitled “A Description of certain Piles found near London Wall and Southwark, possibly the remains of Pile-buildings.” The full account is quoted in “ Lake-Dwellinys, pp. 460-464; but the gist of it is that while Gen. Pitt-Rivers admits the general characteristics of the finds to be Celtic, i.e., Romano-British, or Bronze Age, he claims two remarkable skates made of the metacarpal of the horse or ass, as belonging to the Stone Age, and evidencing construction and habitation at that time, from similar finds in a tumulus of the Stone Age in Friesland; but Dr. Munro rules this out entirely, and puts them down to the Anglo-Saxon invaders. However, it happens that in that same year the same or a similar discovery
1 Since the above was penned, General Pitt-Rivers has passed away, covered with the renown his untiring work in the field of anthropological research has so well earned. It was a remark of his that "the modern savage presents us with a traditional portrait of primæval man rather than a photograph, and that the resemblance might well be compared to that existing between recent and extinct species of animals.”