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century date. The east end has an imitation Early-English triplet window, placed there by the late Mr. G. E. Street in 1866, when the whole of that end was rebuilt. It would have been much better to have retained the eighteenth-century work, which was good and substantial of its kind, and possessed its own historic value. One of the chief features of the church is the two-storied sacristy on the north side of the chancel, the lower room of which is groined in four bays from a central shaft. Its date is circa 1400, and we cannot follow Mr. Cobbe in accepting Mr. Herbert Carpenter's theory, that it was taken down from elsewhere and rebuilt in its present position. But the most distinctive feature of Luton Church is the unique baptistery. It is an octagonal stone screen, 10 ft. wide and 20 ft. high, round the font, and has open traceried panels under crocketed gables. The structure is of late Decorated date, and now stands in the nave immediately east of the tower arch. It was moved to its present position in 1866, under the idea (which is very doubtful) that that was its original site. Last century the baptistery was at the west end of the south aisle, and in 1823 it was removed to the south transept. All this shifting has caused considerable injury to the structure, and it has been in consequence much renovated. The descriptive pages contain several minor mistakes of the usual character about leper-windows, confessionals, chantries, and vestments; but not of sufficient moment to mar in any way materially an excellent work. A considerable number of photographic plates illustrate the church and its more noteworthy details; and there is a careful ground plan. The church at one time abounded in brasses and other monuments, of which only a few remain. About 1720 the vicar and church wardens actually melted down a great number of brasses to form a large chandelier, which now hangs in the sacristy!

In the north transept is a slab to David Knight, who died in 1756, and had his own epitaph engraved in his lifetime. We give it, as it is believed that it has hitherto escaped the notice of epitaph hunters :

“Here lyeth the body of Daniel Knight,

Who all my life-time lived in spite.
Base Hatterers sought me to undoe,
And made me sign what was not true.
Reader, take care whene're you venture,

To trust a canting false Dissenter.” This history of Luton is, on the whole, and despite the defective arrangement above alluded to, a model of the results which

may obtained by painstaking and patient research in the records of local and parochial history; and we cordially recommend it to the attention of our members, and of antiquaries in general.


Britishly Archaeological Assoriation.

The British ARCHÆOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION was founded in 1843, to investigate, preserve, and illustrate all ancient monuments of the history, manners, customs, and arts of our forefathers, in furtherance of the principles on which the Society of Antiquaries of London was established ; and to aid the objects of that Institution by rendering available resources which had not been drawn upon, and which, indeed, did not come within the scope of any antiquarian or literary society.

The means by which the Association proposed to effect this object are:

1. By holding communication with Correspondents throughout the kingdom, and with provincial Antiquarian Societies, as well as by intercourse with similar Associations in foreign countries.

2. By holding frequent and regular Meetings for the consideration and discussion of communications made by the Associates, or received from Correspondents.

3. By promoting careful observation and preservation of antiquities discovered in the progress of public works, such as railways, sewers, foundations of buildings, etc.

4. By encouraging individuals or associations in making researches and excavations, and affording them suggestions and co-operation.

5. By opposing and preventing, as far as may be practicable, all injuries with which Ancient National Monuments of

every description may from time to time be threatened.

6. By using every endeavour to spread abroad a correct taste for Archæology, and a just appreciation of Monuments of Ancient Art, so as ultimately to secure a general interest in their preservation.

7. By collecting accurate drawings, plans, and descriptions of Ancient National Monuments, and, by means of Correspondents, preserving authentic memorials of all antiquities not later than 1750, which may from time to time be brought to light.

8. By establishing a Journal devoted exclusively to the objects of the Association, as a means of spreading antiquarian information and maintaining a constant communication with all persons interested in such pursuits.

9. By holding Annual Congresses in different parts of the country, to examine into their special antiquities, to promote an interest in them, and thereby conduce to their preservation.

Thirteen public Meetings are held from November to June, on the Wednesdays given on the next page, during the session, at eight o'clock in the evening, for the reading and discussion of papers, and for the inspection of all objects of antiquity forwarded to the Council. To these Meetings Associates have the privilege of introducing friends.

Persons desirous of becoming Associates, or of promoting in any way the objects of the Association, are requested to apply either personally or by letter to the Secretaries; or to the Sub-Treasurer, Samuel Rayson, Esq., 32 Sackville Street, W., to whom subscriptions, by Post Office Order or otherwise, crossed “ Bank of England, W. Branch”, should be transmitted. 1900


The payment of ONE GUNEA annually is required of the Associates, or FIFTEEN GUIness as a Life Subscription, by which the Subscribers are entitled to a copy of the quarterly Journal as published, and permitted to acquire the publications of the Association at a reduced price.

Associates are required to pay an entrance fee of ONE Guinea, except when the intending Associate is already a member of the Society of Antiquaries, of the Royal Archæological Institute, or of the Society of Biblical Archæology, in which case the entrance-fee is remitted. The annual payments are due in advance.

Papers read before the Association should be transmitted to the Editor of the Association, 32, Sackville Street; if they are accepted by the Council they will be printed in the volumes of the Journal, and they will be considered to be the property of the Association. Every author is responsible or the statements contained in his paper. The published Journals may be had of the Treasurer and other officers of the Association at the following prices :-Vol. I, out of print. The other volumes, £1:1 each to Associates; £1:11:6 to the public, with the exception of certain volumes in excess of stock, which may be had by members at a reduced price on application to the Honorary Secretaries. The special volumes of TRANSACTIONS of the CONGRESSES held at WINCHESTER and at GLOUCESTER are charged to the public, £1:11:6; to the Associates, 58.

By a Resolution of the Council, passed on January 18th, 1899, Associates may now procure the Volumes of the First Series (I.L), so far as still in print, at 58. each, or the single parts at 1s. 3d. each.

In addition to the Journal, published every quarter, it has been found necessary to publish occasionally another work entitled Collectanea Archeologica. " It embraces papers whose length is too great for a periodical journal, and such as require more extensive illustration than can be given in an octavo form. It is, therefore, put forth in quarto, uniform with the Archaeologia of the Society of Antiquaries, and sold to the public at 7s. 61. each Part, but may be had by the Associates at 58. (See coloured wropper of the quarterly Parts.)

An Index for the first thirty volumes of the Journal has been prepared by Walter de Gray Birch, Esq., F.S.A. Present price to Associates, 58.; to the public, 7s. 6d. Another Index, to volumes xxxi-xlii, the Collectanea Archæologica, and the two extra vols. for the Winchester and Gloucester Congresses, also now ready (uniform). Price to Associates, 10s. 6d. ; to the public, 15s.

Public Meetings held on Wednesday evenings, at No. 32, Sackville Street, Piccadilly, at 8 o'clock precisely.

The Meetings for Session 1899-1900 are as follows :–1899, Nov. 1, 15 ; Dec. 6. 1900, Jan. 17, 31; Feb. 7, 21; March 7, 21; April 4 ; May 2 (Annual General Meeting 4.30 p.m.), 16 ; June 6.

Visitors will be admitted by order from Associates; or by writing their names, and those of the members by whom they are introduced. The Council Meetings are held at Sackville Street on the same day as the Public Meetings, at half-past 4 o'clock precisely.


THE BRITISH ARCHÆOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION shall consist of Patrons, Associates, Local Members of Council, Honorary Correspondents, and Honorary Foreign Members. 1. The Patrons,-a class confined to members of the royal

family or other illustrious persons. 2. The Associates shall consist of ladies or gentlemen elected

by the Council, and who, upon the payment of one guinea entrance fee (except when the intending Associate is already a Member of the Society of Antiquaries of London, of the Royal Archæological Institute, or of the Society of Biblical Archæology), and a sum of not less than one guinea annually, or fifteen guineas as a life-subscription, shall become entitled to receive a copy of the quarterly Journal published by the Association, to attend all meetings, vote in the election of Otficers and Council, and admit one visitor

to each of the ordinary meetings of the Association. 3. The Local Members of Council shall consist of such of the

Associates elected from time to time by the Council, on the nomination of two of its members, who shall promote the views and objects of the Association in their various localities, and report the discovery of antiquarian objects to the Council. There shall be no limit to their number, but in their election the Council shall have regard to the extent and importance of the various localities which they will represent. The Local Members shall be entitled to attend the meetings of the Council, to advise them, and report on matters of archæological interest which have come to their notice; but they shall not take part in the general business

of the Council, or be entitled to vote on any subject. 4. The Honorary Correspondents,-a class embracing all inte

rested in the investigation and preservation of antiquities; to be qualified for election on the recommendation of the President or Patron, or of two Members of the Council, or

of four Associates. 5. The Honorary Foreign Members shall be confined to illus

trious or learned foreigners who may have distinguished themselves in antiquarian pursuits.

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ADMINISTRATION. To conduct the affairs of the Association there shall be annually elected a President, fifteen Vice-Presidents, a Treasurer, SubTreasurer, two Honorary Secretaries, and eighteen other Associates, all of whom shall constitute the Council, and two Auditors without seats in the Council.

The past Presidents shall be ex officio Vice-Presidents for life, with the same status and privileges as the elected Vice-Presidents, and take precedence in the order of service.


1. The President, Vice-Presidents, members of Council, and Officers, shall be elected at the Annual General Meeting, to be held on the first Wednesday in May in each year. Such election shall be conducted by ballot, which shall continue open during at least one hour. A majority of votes shall determine the election. Every Associate balloting shall deliver his name to the Chairman, and afterwards put his list, filled up, into the balloting box. The presiding officer shall nominate two Scrutators, who, with one or more of the Secretaries, shall examine the lists and report thereon to the General Meeting.

2. If any member of the Council, elected at the Annual General Meeting, shall not have attended three meetings of the Council, at least, during the current session, the Council shall, at their meeting held next before the Annual Meeting, by a majority of votes of the members present, recommend whether it is desirable that such member shall be eligible for re-election or not, and such recommendation shall be submitted to the Annual Meeting on the ballot papers.


1. The President, when present, shall take the chair at all meetings of the Association. He shall regulate the discussions and enforce the laws of the Association.

2. In the absence of the President, the chair shall be taken by the Treasurer, or by the senior or only Vice-President present, and willing to preside; or in default, by the senior elected Member of Council or some officer present.

3. The Chairman shall, in addition to his own vote, have a casting vote when the suffrages are equal.


The Treasurer shall hold the finances of the Association, discharge all debts previously presented to and approved of by the Council, and shall make up his accounts to the 31st of December

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