תמונות בעמוד


which in this age are thrown away in dress, play, visits, and the like, were employed, in my time, in writing out receipts, or working beds, chairs, and hangings for the family. For my part, I have plied my needle these fifty years, and by my good will would never have it. out of my hand. It grieves - my heart to see a couple.: of proud idle Hirts fipping their tea, for a whole afternoon, in a great room hung round with the industry of their great grandmother. Pray, Sir, take the laudable. mystery of embroidery into your serious confideration, and as you have a great deal of the virtue of the last age in you, continue your endeavours to reform the


Liam, &c. In obedience to the commands of my venerable cor• respondent, I have duly weighed this important subject,, and promise myself, from the arguments here laid down, that all the fine ladies of England will be ready, as foon as their mourning is over, to appear covered, with the work of their own hands. .

What a délightful entertainment" muft' it be to the.. fair sex, whom their native modesty and the tenderness of men towards them, exempts from public.business, to pass their hours in imitating fruits and flowers, and transplanting all the beauties of nature into their own dress, or railing a new creation in their closets and an partments. How pleasing is the amusement of walking among the shades and groves planted by themselves, in furveying heroes flain by their needle, or little Copids which they have brought into the world without pain !

This is, methinks, the most proper way wherein a kady can-how a fine genius, and I cannnot forbear wishe ing, that several writers of that sex had chosen to apply themselves rather to tapestry than rhime. Your paftoral poetesles may vent their fancy in rural landskips, and place despairing shepherds under lilken willows, or drown them in a stream of mohair. The heroic writers may work up battles as successfully, and inflame them with gold or stain them with crimson. Even those who have only a turn to a song or an epigram, may put many valuable stitches into a purse, and crowd a thousand graces into a pair of garters.

If I may, without breach of good manners, imagine that any pretty creature is void of genius, and would perform her part herein but very awkwardly, I must nevertheless insist upon her working, if it be only to keep her out of harm's way.

Another argument for busying good women in works of fancy, is, because it takes them off from scana dal, the usual attendant of tea-tables and all other inactive scenes of life. While they are forming their birds and beasts, their neighbours will be allowed to be the fathers of their own children ; and Whig and Tory will be but seldom mentioned, where the great difpute is, whether blue or red is the more proper colours How much greater glory would Sophronia do the general, if she would choose rather to work the battle of Blenheim, in tapestry, than signalize herself with so much vehemence against those who are Frenchmen in their hearts.

A third reason that I shall mention, is the profit that is brought to the family where these pretty arts are ens couraged. It is manifest that this way of life not only keeps fair ladies from running out into expences, but is at the same time an actual improvement. How memor rable would that matron be, who shall have it inscribed upon her monument, “. That she wrote out the whole bible-in tapestry, and died in a good old age, after having covered three hundred yards of wall in the manafion-house."

These premises being confidered, I humbly submit the following proposals to all mothers in Great-Britain.

I. That no young virgin whatsoever be allowed to receive the addresses of her first lover, but in a fuit of her own embroidering.

II. That before every fresh fervant fhe be:obliged to appear with a new ftomacher at the least:

III. That no one be actually married until she hath the child-bed pillows, &c. ready ftitched, as likewise the mantle for the boy quite finished.

These laws, if I mistake not, would effeétually restore the decayed art of needle-work, and make the virgins of Great Britain exceedingly. nimble-fingered in their business,


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XII. On Pride,
If there be any thing which makes human nature apo

pear ridiculous to beings of superiour faculties, it must be pride. They know so well the vanity of those ima. ginary perfections that swell the heart of man, and of those little supernumerary advantages, whether in birth, fortune, or title, which one man enjoys above another, that it must certainly very much aitonish, if it does not very much divert them, when they see a mortal puffed up, and valuing himself above his neighbours on any of these accounts, at the same time that he is obnoxious to all the common calamities of the species.

To fet this thought in its true light; we will fancy, if you please, that yonder mole-hill is inhabited by rea. Tonable creatures, and that every pismire (his fhape and way of life only excepted) is endowed with human passions. How ibonld we linile to bear one give us an account of the, pedigrees, distinctions, and titles that reign among them? Observe how the whole fwarm die. vide and make way for the pilmire that passes through them ! you must understand he is an emmet of qua. lity, and has better blood in his veins than any pif. mire in the male-hill. Don't you see how sensible he is of it, how low he marches forward, how the whole rabble of ants keep their distance ? here you may obServe one placed upon a little eminence, and looking down on a long row of labourers. He is the richelt insect on this fide the hillock, he has a walk of half a yard in length and a quarter of an inch in breadth, he keeps an hundred menial servants, and has at leaft fifteen barley.corns in his granary. He is now chiding and bedaving the emmet that stands before him, and who, for all that we can discover, is as good an emmet as himself,

But here comes an insect of figure ! Don't you take Dotice of a little white straw that he carries in his mouth? That ftraw, you must understand, he would not part with for the longest tract about the mole-hill: did you but know what he has undergone to purchase it! See how the ants of all qualities and conditions swarm about him. Should this straw drop out of his mouth, you would ke all this numerous circle of attendants follow the next


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that took it up, and leave the discarded infect, or run over his back to come at his successor.

If now you have a mind to see all the ladies of the mole-hill, obferve first the pismire that listens to the emmet on her left hand, at the same time that she seems to turn away her head from him.' He tells this poor insect that she is a goddess, that her eyes are brighter than the fun, that life and death are at her disposal. She believes him, and gives herself a thouland little airs upon it, Mark the vanity of the pismire on your left hand. She can scarce crawl with age ; but you must know the vaJues herself upon her birth; and if you mind, spurns at every one that comes within her reach. The little nimble coquette that is running along by the side of her, is a wit. She has broke many a pilmire's heart. Do but observe what a drove of lovers are running after hier.

We will here finish this imaginary scene ; but first of all, to draw the parallel closer, will suppose, if you please, that death comes down upon the mole-hill, in the shape of a cock-sparrow, who picks up, without distinction, the pisinire of quality and his flatterers, the pismire of substance and his day.labourers, the white-Itraw officer and his fycophants, with all the goddesses, wits, and beau. ties of the mole-hill.

May we not imagine that beings of fuperiour natures and perfections regard all the instances of pride and va. nity, among our own species, in the same kind of view, when they take a survey of those who inhabit the earth; or, in the language of an ingenious French poet, of those pismires that people this heap of dirt, whiel huinan ya. nity has divided into climates, and regions ?

XIII. Journal of the Life of Alexander Severus. ALEXANDER rose early. The first moments of the day

were consecrated to private devotion : but, as he deemed the fervice of mankind the most acceptable worship of the gods, the greatest part of his morning hours was employed in council ; where he discussed public af. fairs, and determined private caufes, with a patience and discretion above his years. The dryness of business was enlivened by the charms of literature ; and a portion of time was always fet apart for his favourite itu

dies of poetry, history, and philosophy. The works of Virgil and Horace, the republics of Plato and Cicero, formed his taste, enlarged his understanding, and gave kim the noblest ideas of man and of government. The exercises of the body succeeded to those of the mind; and Alexander, who was tall, active, and robust, sur. passed most of his equals in the gymnastic arts.

Refreshed by the use of the bath, and a flight dinner, he resumed, with new vigour, the business of the day ; and, till the hour of supper, the principal meal of the Romans, he was attended by his secretaries, with whom he read and answered the multitude of letters, memorials, and petitions, that must have been addressed to the master of the greatest part of the world. His table was served with the most frugal simplicity; and whenever he was at liberty to consult his own inclination, the company consisted of a few select friends, men of learning and virtue. His dress was plain and modeít; his demeanour courteous and affable. At the proper hours, kis palace was open to all his subjects: but the voice of a crier was heard, as in the Eleusinian mysteries, pronouncing the same falutary admonition, -" Let none enter these holy walls, unless he is conscious of a pure and innocent mind."

XIV. Character of Julius Cæfar. CASAR was endowed with every great and noble qua.

lity that could exalt human nature, and give a man the ascendant in society : formed to excel in peace as well as war, provident in counsel, fearless in action, and executing what he had refolved with an amazing celerity ; generous beyond measure to his friends, placable to his enemies; and for parts, learning, eloquence, scarce inferiour to any man. His orations were admired for two qualities, which are seldom found together, strength and elegance. Cicero ranks him among the greatest orators that Rome ever bred; and Quintilian fays, that he spoke with the same force with which he tought; and if he had devoted himself to the bar, would have been the only man capable of rivalling Cicero. Nor was he a master only of the politer arts, but conversant also with the molt abstruse and critical parts of learning; and a


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