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shall never more inlift theinfelves ;- not a man of them fhall take arms; not a man of them shall expose his life for imperious Tords, with whom he call neither thare the diguities of the Itate, nor in private life have any alliance by marriage. X. Speech of Janius Brutus over the dead Body of
Lucretia, YES; noble lady, I swear by this blood, which was
once so pure, and which nothing but royal villany could have polluted, that I will pariue Lucius Tarquinius the Proud, his wicked wife, and their children, with fire and sword; nor will I ever suffer any of that family, or of any other whatsoever, to be king in Rome : Ye gods, I call you to witness this my oath !—There, Romans, turn your eyes to that fad spectacle—the daughter of Lucretius, Collatinus's wife he died by her own hand. See there a noble lady, wliom the luft of a Tarquin reduced to the neceffity of being her own executioner, to attest her innocence. Hospitably entertained by her as a kinsman of her husband's, Sextus, the perfidious gueft, became her brutai ravisher. The chaste, the generous Lucretia, could not survive the infult. Glorious woman! But once only treated as a llave, the thought : life no longer to be endured. 'Lucretia, a woman, difdained a life that depended on a tyrant's will; and shall we-jail men, with such an example before our eyes, . and after five-and-twenty years of ignoninious fervitude, fhall we; through a fear of dying, defer one single in: ftant to affert our liberty ? No, Romans, now is the time; the favourable moment we have so long waited for is come. Tarquin is not at Rome. The Patricians are : at the head of the enterprise. The city is abundantly provided with meri, arms, and all things neceffary. There is nothing wanting to secure the success, if our own courage does not fail us. And thall those warriours, who have ever been so brave when foreign enemies were to be subdued, or when conquests were to be made to gratify the ambition and avarice of Tarquin, be then only cowards, when they are to deliver themselves from flavery?--Some of you are perlaps intimidated by the army which Tarquin now commands. The soldiers, you
imagine, will take the part of their general. Banish so groundless a fear. The love of liberty is natural to all men. Your fellow-citizens in the camp feel the weight of oppresion with as quick a sense as you that are in Rome : they will as eagerly seize the occasion of throw ing off the yoke. But, let us grant there may be fome among them, who, through baseness of spirit or a bach education, will be dispored to favour the tyrant. The number of these can be but small, and we have means: fufficient in our hands to reduce them to reafon. They have left us bostages more dear to them than life. Theis wives, their children, their fathers, their mothers, are bere in the city. Courage, Romans, the gods are for us; those gods, whose temples and altars the impious Tarquin has profaned by: facrifices and libations made with polluted hands, polluted with blood, and with numberless unexpiated crimes committed against his fabjects. -Ye gods, who protected our forefathers, ye genii, who watch for the preservation and glory of Roine, do you: inspire us with courage and unanimity in this glorious cause, and we will, to our last breath, defend your worátip from all profanation. XI. Demofthenes to the Athenians, exciting them to prom
fecute the War against Philip. WHEN I compare, Athenians, the speeches of some
amongst us with their actions, I am at a loss to reconcile what I fee with what I hear.
Their proteftations are full of zeal against the public enemy; but their meafures are fo inconfiftent, that all their profeffions become fufpected. By confounding you with a variety of projects, they perplex your refolutions; and lead you from executing what is in your power, by engaging. you in schemes not reducible to practice..
"Tis true, there was a time, when we were powerful: enough not only to defend our own borders, and protect our allies, but even to invade Philip in his own do. minions. Yes, Athenians, there was such a juncture; I remember it well. But, by neglect of proper opportua nities, we are no longer in a situation to be invaders : it will be well for 1s, if we can provide for our own de.. kence, and our allies. Never did any, conjuncture require.
So much prudence as this. However, I should not despair cf seasonable remedies, had I the art to prevail with you to be unanimous in right measures. The opportunities which have lo often escaped us, have not been lost thro® ignorance or want of judgment, but through negliġence or treachery.-- If I asume, at this time, more than ordinary liberty of speech, I conjure you to fuffer patiently those truths which have no other end but your own good. Yus liave too many reasons to be fensible how much you have fuffered by hearkening to fycophants. I shall, therefore, be plaio in laying before you the grounds of miscarriages, in order to correct you in your future conduct.
You may remember, it is not above three or four years fince we had the news of Philip's laying liege to the for tress of Juno in Thrace. It was, as I think, in October, we received this intelligence. We voted an immediate supply of threescore talents; forty men uf war were ordered to sea; and fo zealous we were, that, preferring the ncceilities of state to our very law's, our citizens ao bove the age of five adfcury years were commanded to serve. What followed a whole year was spent idly without any thing dore ; and it was but in the third month of the following year, a little after the celebra. tion of the fealt of Ceres, that Charedemus fet fail, fure nished with no more than fire talents, and ten galleys not half.mamned.
A rumour was spread, that Philip was sick. That rumour was followed by another, that Philip was dead. And, ther, as if all danger died with lim, you dropped your preparatious :' whereas, then, then was your time to push and be active ; then was your time to secure yourselves, and confound hin at once. Had your relolutions, taken with so much heat; been as warmly fe.. conded by action, you had then been as terrible to Philip, as Philip, recovered, is now to you.--" To wkat purpose, at this time, these reflections? What is done, cannot be undone."-But, by your leave, Athenians, though past moments are not to be recalled, paft errours may be repeated. Have we not, now, a freth provocation to war? Let the memory of oversights,, by which you have suffered so much, instruct you to be more vigi.
lant in the present danger. If the Olynthiarts are not intiantly succoured, and with your utmost efforts, you become aflittants to Philip, and serve him more effectually thin he tan help himself.
It is not, surely, necessary to warn you, that votes alone can be of no consequence. Had your resolutions of themfelves, the virtue to compass what you intend, we should not see them multiply every day, as they do, and upon every occasion, with fo little effect; nor would Philip be in a condition to brave and affront us in this manner.--Proceed, then, Athenians, to fupport your deliberations with vigour. You mave beads capable of adviling what is beft; you have judgment and experience to discern what is right ; and you have power and opportunity to execute what you determine. What time fo proper for action? What occalion so happy? And when can you hope for such another, if this be neglected? Has not Philip, contrary to all treaties, insult: ed you in Thrace ? Does he not, at this instant, straiten and invade your confederates, whom you have solemnly tworn to prvicet ? Is he not an implacable enemy a faithless ally? the usurper of provinces, to which he has no title nor pretence? a stranger, a bárbarian, a tyrant? and, indeed, what is he not?
Observe, I beseech you, men of Athens, how different your conduct appears, from the practices of your anceitors. They were friends to truth and plain dealing, and detested fattery and servile compliance. By unanimous consent, they continued arbiters of all Greece, for the space of forty-five years, withont interruption : a public fund, of no less than ten thousand talents, was ready for any emergency : they exercised over the kings of Macedon that authority which is due to barbarians ; obtained, both by sea and land, in their own persons, frequent and signal victories ; and, by their noble exploits, trans. mitted to posterity an immortal memory of their virtue, superiour to the reach of malice and detraction. It is to them.we owe that great number of public edifices, by which the city of Athens exceeds all the reit of the world in beauty and magnificence. It is to them we owe so 1: d'y itately temples, so richly embellished, buit, above all, adorned with the poils of vanquished eneo
mies. — But, visit their own private habitations ; visit the houses of Aristides, Miltiades, or any other of those patriots of antiquity ;-you will find nothing, not the leaf mark or ornament, to distinguish them from their neighbours. They took part in the government, not to enrich themselves, but the public ; they had no scheme or ambition, but for the public; nor knew any interest, but the public. It was by a close and steady application to the general good of their country, by an exemplary piety towards the immortal gods, by a striet faith and religious honesty betwixt man and man, and a moderation always uniform and of a piece, they establilhed that reputation, which remains to this day, and will last to utmost poiterity,
Such, o men of Athens ! were your ancestors : so glorious in the eye of the world ; so bountiful and munificent to their country; fo sparing, fo modest, so selfdenying to themselves. What resemblance can we find, in the present generation, of these great men? At a time, when your ancient competitors have left you a clear stage; when the Lacedemonians are disabled; the T'hebans employed in troubles of their own; when no other state whatever is in a condition to rival or moleft you ; in short, when you are at full liberty ; when you have the opportunity and the power to become once more the fole arbiters of Greece ;---you permit, patiently, whole provinces to be wrested from you; you lavish the public money in scandalous and obscure uses ; you fuffer
your allies to perish in time of peace, whom you, preserved in time of war; and, to sum up áll, you yourselves, by your mercenary court, and servile resignation to the will and pleafüre of designing, infidious leaders, abet, encourage, and strengthen the most dingerous and formidable of your enemies. Yes, Athenians, I repeat it, you yourselves are the contrivers of your own ruin. Lives there a man who has con idence enough to deny it! let him arile, and allign, if he can, any other cause of the fuccefs and prosperity of Philip. --- But,” you reply, “what Athens may have lost in reputation abroad, the has gained in fplendour at home. Was there ever a greater appearance of prosperity; a greater face of plenty? Is not the city enlarged? Are not the streets better