תמונות בעמוד

The pomp which dillinguishes the great man from the mob, defends him not from the fever nor from grief. Give a prince all the names of majesty that are found in a folio dictionary, the first attack of the gout will make him forget his palace and his guards. If he be in choler, will his princedom fecure him from turning pale and gnalhing his teeth like a fool? The smalleit prick of a nail, the flighteit pallion of the soul, is capable of rendering infipid the monarchy of the world.

Narrow minds think nothing right that is above their own capacity.

Those who are the most faulty, are the most prone to find faults in others.

The first and most important female quality is sweetness of temper. Heaven did not give to the female sex infinuation and persuasion, in order to be surly : it did not make them weak, in order to be imperious : it did not give them a sweet voice, in order to be employed in scolding : it did not provide them with delicate features, in order to be disfigured with anger.

Let fame be regarded, but conscience much more. It is an empty joy to appear better than you are; but a great blessing to be what you ought to be.

Let your conduct be the result of deliberation, never of impatience.

In the conduct of life, let it be one great aim, to fhow that every thing you do proceeds from yourself, not from your pafíons. Chryfippus rewards in joy, chastites in wrath, doth every thing in pallion. No person stands in awe of Chrysippus, no person is grateful to him. Why? Because it is not Chryfippus who acts, but his paftions. We shun him in wrath as we shun a wild beast; and this is all the authority he hath over us.

Indulge not desire at the expence of the slightest ar. ticle of virtue : pass once its limits, and you fall head. long into vice.

Examine well the counsel that favours your desires. The gratification of desire is sometimes the worst thing that can befal us.

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IV. To be angry is to punish myself for the fault of an

other. A word dropt by chance from your friend offends your delicacy. Avoid a hasty reply; and beware of opening your discontent to the firit person you meet. When you are cool, it will vanish, and leave no impresfion.

The most profitable revenge, the most rational, and the inolt pleasant, is to make it the interest of the injurious person not to hurt you a second time.

It was a faying of Socrates, that we should eat and drink in order to live; viitead of living, as many do, in order to eat and drink.

Be moderate in your pleasures, that your relish for them may continue.

Time is requisite to bring great projects to maturity. Precipitation ruins the beit contrived plan: patience ripens the most difficult.,

When we sum up the miseries of life, the grief bestowed on trifles makes a great part of the account; trifles, which, neglected, are nothing. How thameful such a weakness!

The pensionary De Wit being asked how he could transact such variety of business without confusion, an{wered, That he never did but one thing at a time.

Guard your weak fide from being kirown. If it be attacked, the best way is to join in the attack.

Francis I. consulting with his generals how to lead his army over the Alps into Italy, Amarel his fool sprung from a corner, and advised him to consult rather how to bring it back.

The best practical rule of morality is, Never to do but what you are willing all the world should know.

Solicitude in hiding failings makes them appear the greater. It is a safer and ealier course frankly to acknowledge them. A man owns that he is ignorant: we admire his modelty. He says he is old : we scarce think him so. He declares himself poor: we do not believe it. When you descant on the faults of others, confider


whether you be not guilty of the fame. To gain knowledge of ourselves, the best way is to convert the imperfections of others into a mirror for discovering our own.

Apply yourself more to acquire knowledge than to fhow it. Men commonly take great pains to put off the little stock they have; but they take little pains to acquire more.

Never fuffer your courage to be fierce, your resolution obftinate, your wisdom cunning, nor your patience. fullen.

To measure all reason by our own is a plain act of injustice: it is an encroachment on the common rights of mankind.

If you would teach secrefy to others, begin with yourself. How can you expect another will keep your. secret, when you yourself cannot ?

Aman's fortune is more frequently made by his tongue than by his virtues; and more frequently crushed by ici than by his vices.

V. EVEN felf-interest is a motive for benevolence. There:

are none so low but may have it in their power to return a good office.

To deal with a man, you must know his temper, by which you can lead him; or his ends, by which you can: persuade him; or his friends, by whom you can govern him.

The first ingredient in conversation is truth; the next, good sense; the third, good humour; the laft, wit.

The great error in conversation is, to be fonder of speaking than of hearing. Few show more complaisance. than to pretend to hearken, intent all the while upon what they themselves have to say; not confidering, that to seek one's own pleasure fo passionately is not the way to please others.

To be an Englifhman in London, a Frenchman in Paris, a Spaniard in Madrid, is no easy matter; and yet it is necessary,

A man entirely without ceremony has need of great: merit. He who cannot bear'a jest ought never to make one.,

In the deepest distress, virtue is more illustrious than vice in its highest profperity,

No man is so foolith, but he may give good counsel at a time :

: no man s9 wise, but he may err, if he take no counsel but his own.'

He whole ruling pafsion is love of praise, is a slave to every one who has a tongue for detraction.

Always to indulge our appetites is to extinguish them. Abtain, that you may enjoy.

To have your enemy in your power, and yet to do him good, is the greatest heroism.

Modesty, were it to be recommended for nothing else, leaves a man at eale, by pretending to little : whereas vain-glory requires perpetual labour to appear what one is not. If we have fense, modesty best fets it off; if not, beft hides the want.

When, even in the heat of dispute, 1 yield to my antagonist, my victory over myself is more illustrious than over him had he yielded to me.

The refined luxuries of the table, befides enervating: the body, poison that very pleasure they are intended to promote: for, by foliciting the appetite, they exclude the greatest pleaiure of talte, that which arises from the gratification of hunger.

VI. The Fox and the Goat. A Fox and a Goat, travelling together in a very fultry

day, found themselves exceedingly thirsty ; when, looking round the country in order to discover a place where they might probably meet with water, they at length descried a clear spring at the bottom of a well. They both eagerly defcended ; and, having fufficiently allayed their thirit, began to consider how they should get out. Many expedients for that purpose were mutually propofed and rejected. At last the crafty Fox cried out with great joy-I have a thought just struck into my mind, whic!, I am confident, will extricate us out of our difficulty. Do you, said he to the Goat, only rear yourfelf up upon your his der-legs, and rest your fore feet against the fide of the well. In this posture I will climb up to your head, from which I shall be able, with a {pring, to reach the top: and when I am once there,


you are sensible it will be very easy for me to pull you out by the horns. The simple Goat liked the proposal well, and immediately placed himself as directed; by means of which, the Fox, without much difficulty, gained the top. And now, said the goat, give me the allistance you promised. Thou old fool, replied the Fox, hadlt thou but half as much brains as beard, thou wouldīt never have believed that I would hazard my own life to save thine. However, I will leave with thee a piece of advice, which may be of service to thee hereafter, if thou shouldst have the good fortune to make thy escape :-Never venture into a well again, before thou hast well considered how to get out of it.

VII. The Fox and the Stork. THE Fox, though in general more inclined to roguery

than wit, had once a strong inclination to play the wag with his neighbour the Stork. He accordingly invited her to dinner in great form; but, when it came up. on the table, the Stork found it consisted entirely of different foups, ferved up in broad shallow dishes, so that The could only dip in the end of her bill, but could not possibly satisfy her hunger. The Fox lapped it up very readily; and, every now and then addressing himself to his guest, desired to know how she liked her entertainment; hoped that every thing was seasoned to her mind ;. and protested he was very sorry to see her eat so sparingly. The Stork, perceiving the was played upon, took no notice of it, but pretended to like every dish extremely; and, at parting, pressed the Fox fo earnestly to return her visit, that he could not in civility refuse. The day arrived, and he repaired to his appointment; but, to his great mortification, when dinner appeared, he found it composed of minced meat, served up in long narrow-necked glasses ; so that he was only tantalized with the fight of what it was impossible for him to taite. The Stork thrust in her long bill, and helped herself very plentifully; then, turning to Reynard, who was eagerly licking the outside of a jar where some sauce had been spilled--I am very glad, said the, smiling, that you feem to have so good an appetite ; I hope you will make as hearty a dinner at my table as I did the


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