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times—But it would not do: every ungracious fyllable I had uttered, crowded back into my imagination. I reflected I had no right over the poor Franciscan, but to deny him; and that the punishinent of that was enough to the disappointed, without the addition of unkind language- I considered his gray hairs--his courteous tigure feemed to re-enter, and gently ask me what injury he had done_me? and why I could use him thus? ---I would. have given twenty livres for an advocate--I have behaved very ill, said I within myself; but I have only jult set out upon my travels, and Thall learn better man ners as I get along,
XI. On the Head-dress of the Ladies. There is not so variable a thing in nature as a lady's:
head-dress: within my own memory, I have known: it rise and fall above thirty degrees. About ten years. ago it flot up to a very great height, insomuch that the female pari of our species were much taller than the
The women were of fuch an enormous ftature,.. that we appeared as grasshoppers before them.' At present the whole sex is in a manner dwarfed and furunk. into a race of beauties that seem almost another fpecies. I remember several ladies who were once very near seven feet high, that at present want fome inches of fiv*: 'how they came to be thus curtailed, I cannot learn ; whether the whole fex be at presert under any penance which we know nothing of, or whether they have cast their head-dresses in order tof urprile us with something: in that kind which shall be entirely new; or whether Some of the tallert of the sex, being too cunning for the rest, have contrived this method to make themlelves appear sizcable, is still a secret ; though I find most are of opinion, they are at present like trees new lopped and pruned, that will certainly (prout up and flourith with greater heads than before. For my own part, as I do not love to be insulted by women who are tailur than myself, I admire the fex much more in their present humiliation, which has reduced them to their natural dimensions, ihan when they had extended their perfons, and lengthened themselves out into formidable and gigantic figures. I am not for adding to tlte beautiful
edifices of nature, nor for raising any whimsical - fuperItructure upon her plans : 1 muft 'therefore repeat it, that I am highly pleased with the coiffure. now in fa. fhion, and think it shows the good senfe which at prefent very much reigns among the valuable part of the sex. One may observe that women in all ages have ta. ken more pains than men to adorn the outlide of their heads; and indeed I very much admire, that those are chitects, who raise fuch wonderful structures out of rib. bands, lace, and wire, have not been recorded for their respective inventions. It is certain there have been as many orders in these kinds of buildings, as in those which have been made of marble; sometimes they rise in the fhape of a pyramid, sometimes like a tower, and fometimes like a steeple. In Juvenal's time, the building grew by several orders and stories, as he has very humourously described it.
With curls on curls they build her head before, ,
And tlien she dwindles to the piginy kind. But I do not remember, in any part of my reading, that? the head-dress aspired to fo great an extravagance as in the fourteenth century, when it was built up in a couple of cones or fpires, which stood fo excessively high on each side of the head, that a woman, who was but a pigmy without her head-dress, appeared like a Colossus upon putting it on. Monfieur Paradin says, “ That these “c old-fashioned fontanges rose an ell above the head ; * that they were pointed likę fieeples, and had long si loose pieces of crape faftened to the tops of them,, Ik which were curioully fringed, and hang down their 46 backs like streamers.”?
The women miglit possibly have carried this Gothie building much higher, had not a famous monk, Thomas Connecte by name, attacked it with great zeal and resolution. This holy man travelled from place to place to preach down this monstrous commode; and fucceeded fo well in it, that, as the magicians facrificed their books to the flames upon the preaching of an apostle, many of the women threw down their head-dresses in the middle of his sermon, and made a bonfire of them within fight
of the pulpit. He was so renowned, as well for the fanc. tity of his life as his manner of preaching, that he had often a congregation of twenty thousand people ; the men placing themselves on the one side of his pulpit, and the women on the other, they appeared, to use the fimilitude of an ingenious writer, like a forest of cedars with their leads reaching to the clouds. He fo warmed and animated the people against this monstrous or. nament, that it lay under a - kind of persecution ; and whenever it appeared in public, was pelted down by the rabble, who flung stones at the perfons that wore it! But, notwithstanding this prodigy vanished while the preacher was among them, it began to appear again fome months after his departure, or, to tell it in Monsieur Paradin's own words, “ The women, that, like “snails in a fright, had drawn in their horns, shot them
out again as soon as the danger was over. This travagance of the womens head-dresses in that age is taken notice of by Monsieur d'Argentré in the history, of Bretagne, and by other historians as well as the per. son I have here quoted.
It is usually oblerved, that a good reign is the only proper time for the making of laws against the exorbi. tance of power; in the same manner an excessive headdress may be attacked the most effectually when the fahion is against it. I do therefore recommend this pa. per to my female readers by way of prevention.
I would define the fair sex to consider how impofGble it is for them to add any thing that can be ornamental to what is already the master-piece of nature. The liead has the most beautiful appearance, as well as the highest Station, in a human figure. Nature has laid out all her art in beautifying the face ; she has touched it with vermilion, planted in it a double row of ivory, made it the seat of smiles and blushes, lighted it up and enliven, ed it with the brightness of the eyes, hung it on each Side with curious organs of sense, given it airs and graces that cannot be described, and surrounded it with such a flowing fade of hair, as fets all its beauties in the molt agreeable light: in fhort, the feenis to have design ed the head as the cupola to the most glorious of her works; and, when we load it. with such a pile of fuper,
numerary ornaments, we destroy the symmetry of the. kuman figure, and foolishly contrive to call off the eye from great and real beauties, to childich gewgaws, ribbands, and bone lace.
XII. On the prefent and a future State. A LEWD young fellow keeing an aged hermit go by,
him barefoot, " Father,” says he, “ you are in a Very miserable condition if there is not another world."
True, son," said the hermit ; « but what is thy con dition if there is?-Man is a creature designed for two different states of being, or rather for two different lives.His first life is short and tranfient; his second permanent and lasting. The question we are all concerned in is this, In which of these two lives it is our chief interest to make ourselves happy?. Or, in other words, Whether we should endeavour to secure to ourselves the pleasures and gratifications of a life which is uncertain and precarious, and at its utmost length of a yery inconsiderable duration; or to fecure to ourselves the pleasures of 'a life which is fixed and settled, and will never end? Every man, upon the first hearing of this queftion, knows very well which side of it he ought to close with. But, however right we are in theory, it is plain: that in practice we adhere to the wrong side of the question. We make provision for this life as though it were never to have an end; and for the other life, as though it were never to have a beginning.
Should a spirit of fuperiour rank, who is a stranger to human nature, accidentally alight upon the earth, and take a survey of its inhabitants; what would his notions of uş be? Would not he think that we are a fpecies of beings made for quite different ends and
pur poses than what we really are ! Must not he imagine ibrat we were placed in this world to get riches and how, nours? Would not: he think that it was onr duty to toil after wealth, and station, and title? Nay, would not he believe we were forbidden poverty by threats of eternal punishment, and enjoined to pursue our pleafures under pain of damnation ? He would certainly imagine that we were infinenced by a seheme of duties quite opposite to those which are indeed prefaibed to use, Andy
truly, according to such an imagination, he must conclude, that we are a species of the most obedient creatures in the universe; that we are constant to our duty; and that we keep a steady eye on the end for which we were sent hither..
But how great would be his astonishment, when he learnt that we were beings not designed to exist in this world above threescore and ten years; and that the greatest part of this busy species fall short even of that. age? How would he be lost in horrour and admiration, when he should know that this set of creatures, who lay" out all their endeavours for this life, which scarce deserves the name of existence, when, I say, he thould, know that this set of creatures are to exift to all eternity in another life, for which they make no preparations? Nothing can be a greater disgrace to reason, than that men, who are persuaded of these two different states of being, mould be perpetually employed in providing for a life of threescore and ten years, and neglecting to make provision for that, which, after many myriads of years, will be still new, and still beginning; especially when we consider that our endeayours for making ourselves great, or rich, or honourable, or whatever elle we place our happiness in, may after all prove unsuccessful; whereas if we constantly and sincerely erideavour to make ourfelves happy in the other life, we are sure that our endeavonrs will fucceed, and that we shall not be disappointed of our hope.
The following question is started by one of the school. men. Supposing the whole body of the earth were a great ball or mass of the finest fand, and that a single grain or particle of this fand should be annihilated every thousand years? Supposing then that you had it in your choice to be happy all the while this prodigious mass of land was conluming by this flow method until there was not a grain of it left, on condition you were to be iniferable for ever after ? or; supposing that you might be happy for ever after, on condition you would 'be miserable until the whole mass of farid were thus annihilated at the rate of on fand in a thousand years; which of these two cases would you make your choice? It must be confessed, in this cale, so many thousands