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THE

BAPTIST MAGAZINE

FOR

1828.

The PROFITS ARISING FROM THE SALE of This work ARE
GIVEN TO THE WIDOWS OF BAPTIST MINISTERS, AT
THE RECOMMENDATION OF THE CONTRIBUTORS.

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PREFACE.

The readers of the Baptist Magazine are respectfully reminded that the “New Series” which commenced in January 1813, was originated by the Rev. Messrs. Fuller, Ryland, Hinton and Fawcett. On the cover of the first number will be found an Address to the Christian public, particularly to the Baptist denomination, written by Mr. Fuller, who, after assigning the reasons for commencing such a work, proceeds to state the ends proposed to be answered by it, and the principles on which it would be conducted.* From that time to the present the Editors have endeavoured to make the Magazine subservient to the interests of the denomination, whose name it bears, both by diffusing and defending the principles to which it was originally pledged, and by the appropriation of its entire profits, amounting to upwards of £3000, to the necessities of those for whose benefit they were specifically intended. . That during this period their editorial labours have been free from imperfection, that imperfection which attaches to every work carried on by human agency, it would be as vain in them to pretend, as it would have been folly in their readers to have expected. Perfection is not the attribute of man; and in reference to every class of literary productions, the critic has long since declared— “Whoever thinks a faultless work to see, Thinks, what ne'er was, nor is, nor e'er shall be.” Whatever measure of success, however, may have attended their labours, of which it becomes not them to speak, they can with confidence declare, the simplicity of their aim to promote the divine glory, and to contend earnestly for the faith cnce delivered to the saints. ... . . . * * The readers of this periodical are aware of the unhappy controversy relative to the Baptist Missionary Society, which has been urged on the attention of the denomination during the past year:—

* We must be satisfied by a reference to this address, our limits not allowing of extracts from it, as we intended.

a controversy, however, by no means exclusively denominational, or of local concernment, but one that relates to questions of the widest practical bearing, and which claim the impartial consideration of all who feel themselves interested in the great principles involved in missionary enterprize. Deeply as the occasion is to be regretted, which rendered it necessary to occupy so many pages of the present volume with that painful subject, the Editors had no alternative, when several pamphlets issuing from respectable quarters, and abounding with counter statements, and conflicting testimony, were laid upon their table. Under these circumstances they were desirous to place before their readers a concise and connected view of the evidence bearing on the points at issue, which in the progress of the discussion had accumulated upon them. And thus summoned by their official duty, they have fearlessly contributed their feeble aid, to what they verily believe to be the cause of truth and righteousness, before whose authority all human suffrage must bow. But they have not rushed with eager impatience into the contest, nor resembled the warlike animal that “paweth in the valley, and smelleth the battle afar off.” To their respectable correspondents, whose contributions have enriched the pages of this volume, the Editors embrace the opportunity of expressing their grateful acknowledgments, and of soliciting their continued support. Notwithstanding the testimonies to the improvement of the Magazine received during the past year, its conductors are not disposed to rest satisfied with present attainments. They wish to see it still rising in value and extending in circulation. And if the respectable members of the denomination, whose organ it has long been, will second and sustain their efforts, these objects of their desire may be easily accomplished. And surely it cannot be too much to expect the zealous co-operation of their brethren in the ministry, who, in the dearest objects of their affections on earth, hold a sort of reversionary interest in the sale of the work to which their assistance is invited. . . . . - - ... To the members of the denomination generally, the Editors respeetfully say, -If you deem The Baptist Magazine worthy of being the gigan of your sentiments, and the repository for your use; and is benevolent object deserving your support, patronize and rocommend it--aid it by your influence, your counsels, your contributions, aid your prayers.

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THE

BAPTIST MAGAZINE.

JANUARY, 1828.

The LIFE of Luther, or A BRIEF Histor Y of The Reformation IN Germax Y.

(Ertracted from a German Tract published at Berlin in the year 1817, chiefly as a Present for the Young, on occasion of the Celebration of the 300th Anniversary of that Erent.*)

MARTIN LUTHER was the son of a poor labourer, Hans Luther, and of Margaret, his wife, who lived, at the period just preceding his birth, at a village named Moere, not far distant from the town of Eisleben. t To the latter place the mother had proceeded, for the purpose of making some purchases, when the subject of this memoir was born, on the 10th of November, 1483. The infant was baptized the following day, in the church called St. Peter's, and he received the name of Martin, from the circumstance of this being what is termed St. Martin's day. Who could have thought at that time, that the offspring of so poor a man was to become instrumental in enlightening half the world ! The decrees of the Almighty are inscrutable. His works, in the beginning, often appear insignificant, but they end in glory. He generally performs great things by

and thus it was in the case of Luther. Little Martin was sent to school at a very early age. His pious father carried him in his arms to Mansfeld, for he had determined to lose no time in training him up to that which is good. Martin was so delighted with his studies, that his father soon thought it advisable to have him placed in the high school at Magdeburg, and subsequently at Eisnach, where he was to prepare for more serious studies. Here he suffered many privations; his poor father being unable to make any very suitable provision for his son. Martin, therefore, joined a few other poor scholars

in singing hymns in the streets,

and his share of the few pence with which they were rewarded, proved some relief to him. It was at this period that the finger of God became strikingly visible in the life of Luther. At Eisnach, the attention of an excellent woman, Mrs. Conrad Cotta, was peculiarly excited in favour of young Luther, from the spirit of piety which seemed to animate him during the performance of the devotional exercise above alluded to. This

humble instruments. The man through whom the Lord intends to accomplish some grand design, must be exercised in humility;

tions (up to 1826), comprising 108,000 copies.

t A town of Saxony, the capital of the county of Mansfeld, two miles S.E. Mansfeld, and 12 W. of Halle; about Á,400 inhabitants. "

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pious lady felt induced to take the young Christian into her own family, and being thus comfortably provided for, he had an ample

| opportunity .."." his studies; * The Tract has passed through ten edi

and this he did with so much diligence, that he was admitted, at

the age of eighteen, into the uni; versity of Erfurth. Here, again,

his progress was such, as to pro

|cure for him, after the expiration

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