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B.c. 1,052.

946.
892.
862.
836.

3. Ts'ae Pih-hwang...

(蔡伯虎) . 4. Ts'ae Kung-how.......

(蔡宫侯, 5. Le

(静) 6. Woo

(Tt), 7. E ...... (夷,

(倍), 9. Kung

(H), 10. Tae

(戴)
11. Seuen
12. Hwan (to),
13. Gae ....

Died a captive in
Ts'oo, in

8. He ....

808.

14. Muh

(TO), B.C. 673. 15. Chwang

VIE, 64. 16. Wăn

*

610. 17. King

(层), 590.

: 18. Ling

(靈) 541. Killed in Ts'oo, in 530. 19. P‘ing

(). Restored by Ts'oo in 527. 20. Taon

520. 21. Ch'aou .....

517. 22. Ch‘ing ..

(918), 489. 23. Shing

470. 24. Yuen

155. 25. Ts'e .......

(齊

419. Ts'ae was extinguished by [Ts'oo in

116.

悼,

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760.
758.
748.
713.
693.

(聲) (元),

),

674.

V. Princes of Tsin (). Surname Ke. Marquises.

整, B.C.

was

re.

文昭孝鄂哀子

1. Tang Shuh-yu (JL)

7. Le...

839. invested with

8. Heen

(獻), 821. Tang in......

..B.c. 1,106. (

9. Muh (kok 2. His son Sëeh

(19), 810. moved to Tsin, and 10. Shang-shuh..Co ,

783. was the first marquis

11. Văn

779. of that. State. Then we have:

12. Ch'aou...

, 74. Woo .... ().

13. Hëaou .....

, 737. 4. Ch‘ing .(10€); 14. Goh.......

,

722. 5. Le... (腐); ;

15. Gae

716. whose years cannot

16. Sëaou-tsze...

GF), 707. be determined. Then

UR 、 17. Min ......

702. come:6. Tsing

(靖), 857. For several rules Tsin had been maintaining a failing struggle against that branch of the ruling House which had been established with the title of earl in Kíeuh-yuh (ili F); and Hwan Shuh (for) and Chwang GE 10), chiefs of K'euh-yuh, enter in some lists into the line of the princes of Tsin. At last Ch'ing, the successor of Chwang Pih, put Min to death, in 678, and was acknowledged by the king as ruler of Tsin. He is :18. Woo.......() 677. 25. Sünng .....

626. 19. Höen ......JSS)

675.
26. Ling

619. 20. He-tsée...), 650, 27. Ch‘ing ....Jit),

605. 21. Ch‘oh-tsze F), 650.

28. King

B.C.

B.C.

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598. 22. Hwuy ........ 649. 29. Le.. (盧) ,

579. 23. Hwae...... 635. 30. Taou 悼)

571. 24. WVăn.. 634. 31. P'ing... (8)

5.56.

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32.
Ch'aou ....,
530. 37. Yëw ..(14%

437. 33. K'ing......(ti)

524. 38. Löeh.......(FLU)

,

418. 31. Ting Ting ....... 510. 39. Heaou.....()

391. 35. Chuh.....(H), 473. 40. Tsing ......,

376. 36. Gae........(CD)

455. In his second year Tsing was deprived of his State and title. It had, indeed, been only a nominal position which the representatives of Tang Shub-yu had for some time enjoyed, for they were merely puppets in the hands of the marquis of Wei CN). The great State of Tsin was broken up into three great marquisates, which subsequently claimed to be kingdoms ;-those of Wei (ML), Chaou (), and Han (), the independent existence of which dates from 402, and which continued till they were absorbed by Ts'in.

VI. The princes of Ts-aou (). Surname Ke. Earls. 1. Chin-toh...), a brother of 14. Le or He...

Cor 1), B.C.

B.C. 669. [king Woo. 2. T'ae Pih..... 16), B.c. 1,051. 15. Chaou.......(HA)

660. 3. Chung Keun (+ ),

1,000. 16. Kung ....... (#), 651. 4. Kung Pih...(16, 933. 17. Răn.........(X)

616. 5. Heaou Pih..(* 10), 893. 18. Seuen.......

594. 6. E Pih........ 10), 863. 19. Ch‘ing .......(it),

576. 7. Yëw Pih.... (144 141), 833. 20. Woo ..... (武)

553. 8. Tae Pih..... 169, 824. 21. P'ing.........

526. 9. Hwuy Pih.. (H),

794.

(掉),

522. 10. Shih-foo....E ili, 759. 23. Shing.......

513. 11. Duke Mah.(2), 758.

24. Yin...... (億), ,

508. 12. Hwan ... (10),

755. 25. Tsing .......(), 503. 13. Chwang...JE),

700. 26. Pih-yang...THE), 500. Pih-yang was made captive by Sung in 436, and Ts'aou was then extinguished. VII. Princes of Ch'ing (B). Surnaine Ke. Earls. 1. Yëw ), a brother of king 9. Muh........ (1)

626. Seuen, received investiture in

10. Ling ....... B.C. 805. He is known as duke

604. Hwan ( 桓公)。 11. Siang.....(W),

603. 2. Woo.......,

12. Taou...... (1) 769.

585.

583.

13. Ch‘ing... (098), 3. Chwang...GJE),

742. 4. Ch'aou ....WA

14. Le..ch, or He (19), 569.

700. 5. Le .......J),699. He fled from

15. Këen (簡),

564. the State in 696, and Ch'aou

16. Ting....
CE),

528. returned, but was murdered in

17.
(獻),

512. 694.

499. 6. Tsze-mei.. (F)

18. Shing......, 694.

461. 7. Tsze-ying (FW),

19. Gao....... (2)

Tsze-
(FH), 693. He was killed

20. Kung....
(#),

453.
in 679, and Le restored.
21. Yëw Clíku),

423. 8. Wan.......,

671.
22. Seu... (儒

421.

22. Taou.....

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or

Seu was murdered in 395; but before that Ch'ing had become entirely dependent on the new State of Han. This allowed one other marquis known as Keun Yih (#2), or duke K‘ang (JE), to be named; but extinguished the State in 374.

VIII. The princes of W00(2). Surname Ke. First, earls; then viscounts. After a time usurped the title of king.

The State of Woo, under a branch of the House of Chow, began before the rise of the Chow dynasty, under T'ae-pih (Th9; the eldest son of the lord of Chow afterwards kinged as king Tae by his great-grandson the duke of Chow), who fled from Chow, along with his next brother, under the circumstances referred to in Ana. VIII. i. He was the first ruler of Woo. We have:1. T'ae-pih ......16).

4. Shuh-tah.....(HR. 2. Chung-yang.(1+x).

5. Chow-chang. JHË. 3. Ke.

Ko-këen ......(. In Chow-chang's time king Woo overthrew the dynasty of Shang, and confirmed him in the possession of Woo as a fief of the dynasty of Chow, with the title of earl. The point about the title is not clear; and we do not know when earl was exchanged for viscount. After Chow-chang we have: 6. Hëung-sny .($). 13. E-woo

(夷吾 7. Ko-sëang ...... 柯相), 14. K'in-choo

禽諸 . 8. K'ëang-këw-e........ 15. Chuen

(轉), 9. Yu-k‘ëaou-e-woo (PFVE). 16. P'o-kaou.

(頗高) 10. Ko-loo. .柯憲) . 17. Kow-pe....

(句卑。 11. Chow-yaou (周) ). 18. K'eu-ts'e .....

(去齊, 12. Keuh-yu

SEX). 19. Show-mung ...), B.c. 584. In his time Woo first began to have communication with the northern States which constituted the kingdom of Chow proper. Most of the names of its princes do not sound like Chinese names. 20. Choo-fan....). B.C. 559.

.
23. Lëaou ()

B.C. 525,
Yu-chae......(FR),

546. 24. Hoh-leu ... (US), 513. 22. Yu-moh (除味), 542. 25. Foo-chae .

494. In 472 the king of Yueh extinguished Woo, when Foo-ch‘ae killed himself.

IX. The princes of Yen (). Surname Ke. Sometimes called marquises, sometimes only earls. In the end assumed the title of king.

Descended from Shih, duke of Shaou (Z A ), often mentioned in the Shoo (See V. xvi., et al.). He was the first ruler of Yen. Eight of his descendants, whose names and years cannot be ascertained are said to have ruled in it, and we come to: 10. Hway ...... ( 惠侯 B.C. 863. 15. Muh .........(

FE), B.C. 727. He(侯or Le釐侯), 825. 16. Seuen 宣侯) 709. 12. K‘ing 項侯),

789. 17. Hwan

桓侯, 696. 13. Gae. (哀侯,

765. 18. Duke Chwang it), 689. 14. Ching ....... , 763.

19. Sẽang ...

襄), 656.

21.

11.

99

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誌惠悼共平簡獻孝

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Këen .....

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20. Seuen

C, B.C. 616.
32. Ch‘ing. ...,

B.C. 448. 21. Ch'aou 600. 33. Min .......(W),

432. 22. Woo.....

(it), 585. 34. Leor He ..(isor 1.), 401. 23. Văn ...... 572. 35. Hwan (u),

371. 24. E...... 547. 36. Văn ... ...(X), ,

360. 25. Hway..

, 543.

37. King Yih (SE), 26. Taou ...

534. 28. Yih's son K'wael FPA, 319. 27. Kung ... 527. 39. Ch'aou... . ,

310. 28. Pfing ..

522. 40. Hway....(TE), 29.

(), 503. 41. Woo-ch'ingt & I), 270. 30. Höen ...

491. 42. Heaoa ... (ŽE, 256. 31. Hëaou

463. 43. The king He(II), 253. He was made captive, and the State extinguished, by Ts'in in 221.

X. The princes of Ch‘in (BE). Surname Kwei (my), as being descended from Shun. Marquises.

King Woo, it is said, gave his eldest daughter in marriage to a Kwei Mwan (the son of his chief potter, and invested him with Ch'in. He was the first marquis, and is known as duke Hoo (1). After him come:2. Shin.......(*).

12. Hwan.....to),

743. 3. Seang... B).

13. Le ........,

705. 4. Hëaou .... (*). 14. Le ..........ll),

699. 5. Shin

698. 6. Yëw (144), 853. 16. Seuen ...,

691. 7. Le (or He (1) 830.

17. Muh.......
(),

646. 8. Woo ...... (), 795. 18. Kung......(#),

630. 9. (表), 780. 19. Ling

612. 10. Ping ......

777. 20. Ch‘ing ... (17), 11. Văn ......(X, 754. 21. Gae ........

567. Gae strangled himself in 533, and the State was held by a prince of Ts'oo till 528, when the Kwei line was restored. We have: 22. Hway ..., 527 24. Min........,

B.C. 500. (懷),

504. Min was killed, and the State extinguished by Ts'oo, in 478,—the year in which Confucius died.

XI. The princes of Sung (#). Surname Tsze (F), as being the descendants of the sovereigns of Yin or Shang, the representatives of T'ang the Successful. 1. K'e, viscount of Wei (The Frok), 3. K‘e, duke of Sung(#A). was made duke of Sung, -say in

B.c. 1,052. B.c. 1,111 (See the Shoo, V.viü.) 4. Duke Ting (TA),

999. 2. Wei Chung (1964 Tp), B.c. 1,077. 5. Min (滑, 934.

......().

15. Chwang it,

B.C.

99

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597.

B.C.

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6. Yang

.(),
B.C. 907.
20. Ch'ing

, 635. 7. Le JA, 892. 21. Ch'aou

, 618. 8. Le

(RS
857. 22. ăn .........(X),

609. 9. Hwuy... 829. 23. Kung....

587. 10. Gae.... (R), 799. 24. P‘ing ......

574. 11. Tae..... 798. 25. Yuen

530. 12. Woo (T)

764.
26. King
.

515. 13. Seuen

746. 27. Ch'aon (PA), 451. 14. Muh ()

727. 28. Taon ..... che 15. Shang

(55),

718. 29. Hëw ...... (H, 394. 16. Chwang ...

(IE), 708. 30. Peih .... (fit) 371. 17. Min ... Wor) 690.

31. T'eih-ch'ing..(15) 368, 18. Hwan ca

580. 32. Yen ......

(16), 327. 19. Sẽang.

649. Yen took the title of king in 317, but Sung was extinguished by Ts'e in 285, and Yen fled to Wăn and there died. Indeed from the time of duke Taou, Sung had become dependent on Ts'e. There is much difficulty in fixing the number of years that dukes King and the second Ch'aou ruled.

XII. The princes of Ts'e (). Surname Keang (#), as being descended from Yaou's chief ininister. Marquises.

1. Shang-foo (), who appears to have been one of the principal advisers of Wăn and Woo both in peace and war, was invested by Woo with Ts'e, and is known as T'ae Kung # 2). Then we have:2. Duke Ting(TA), B.c.1,076. 16. Heaou.....(Ž),

B.C. 641. (2), 1,050. 17. Ch'aou ....)

631. 4. Kwei . (*) 999. 18. E.......... ()

611. 5. Gae ...

933. 19. Hwuy.....

()

607. 6. Hoo..

892. 20. K'ing.....!

(10),

597. 7. Hëen. IS), 858. 21. Ling .......(

580. 8. Woo (TTC), 849. 22. Chwang. (JE),

552. 9. Le .... JE, 823. 23. King

546. 10. Wăn .. *,

814. 24. Gan Yu-tszelt F)488. 11. Ch'ing ....C),

Oh

487. 12. Chwang. JE,

793.
26. Këen ......
(1),

483. 13. Le or He tor 1.), 729. 27. P‘ing ...

3. Yih ...

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(2),

479. 14. Sẽang....), 696. 28. Seuen.....,

454. 15. Hwan..... 683. 29. K‘ang .....(I),

403. For a considerable time the princes of Ts'e had been at the mercy of the Heads of the Ch'in () family, the most powerful in the State. A prince of Ch'in took refuge in Ts'e in B.C. 671 (See the Chuen on III. xxii. 3), and his descendants ere long grew into a powerful clan, and conceived the idea of superseding the line of

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