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discovers such a disposition as that of We are naturally displeased with an unknown plates lying over one another.
critick, as the ladies are with a lampeoner, bes cause we are bitten in the dark.
Dryden. From the apposition of different coloured gravel, arises for the most part, the laminated
The squibs are those who are called libellers,
lampooners, and pamphleteers. appearance of a stone,
Sharp To LAMM. v.a. To beat soundly with a
LA MPREY. n. s. (lamproye, Fr. lampreys, cudgel.
Dutch.) LAMMAS. *. s. [This word is said by
Many tish much like the eel frequent both
the sea and fresh rivers; as, the lamprel, lamBailey, I know not on what authority,
prey, and lamperne.
Walton. to be derived from a custom, by which LAMPRON. 'n. s. A kind of sea fish. the tenants of the archbishop of York These rocks are frequented by lamprons, and were obliged, at the time of mass, on greater fishes, that devour the bodies of the the first of August, to bring a lamb to
Broome on the Odyssey, the altar. In Scotland they are said to LANCE, n. s. (lance, Fr. lancea, Lat.} wtan lambs on this day. It may else
A long spear, which in the heroick ages, be corrupted from latter matb.] 'The
seems to have been generally thrown first of August.
from the trand, as by the Indians at this In 1578 was that famous lammas day, which
-day In later times the combatants buried the reputation of Don John of Austria." tlxrust then against each other on horse
Bacon, back... Spear, javelin. LAMP. E. s. (lampe, Fr. lampas; Lat.) : He carried his lances, which were strong, to 1. A light made with oil and a wick. give a lancely blowv.
Sidney, O thievish night, .
Plate sin with gold, Why should'st thou, but for some feluniousend; And the strong lance of justice hurtless breaks: In the dark lanthorn thus close up the stars,
Arm it in razs, a pigmny's straw doth pierce it. Tracture hung in heav'n, and fill their bemps
Sbakspeare With everlasting oil, to give due light
They shall hold the bow and the lanco, To the misled and logely traveller? Milton.
Foremiah. In lamp furnaces I used spirits of wine instead
Hector beholds his jav'lin fall in vain, of oil, and the same fiame has melted foliated Nor other lance, nor other hope remain; gold.
Boyle. He calls Deiphobus, demands a spear 1. Any kind of light, in poetical language, To Lance. v.a. [from the noun.]
In vain, for no Deiphobus was there. Pope. real or metaphorical. Thy gentle eyes send forth a quick’ning spirit,
1. To pierce; to cut. And feed the dying lamp of lite within me.
With his prepared sword he charges homo
Rowe. My onprovided body, lanc'd my arm. Sbakspo Cynthia, fair regent of the nighe, In their cruel woiship they lance theniselves Omar thy silver lamp from heav'ns high bow'r,
"Glanvilli's Scepsis Direct my footsieps in the midnight hour. Gay.
Th'infernal sinister advanc's LA MPASS. n. s.' (lampas, Fr.) A lump
Seiz'd the due victim, and with:ury lanc'd. of Hesh, about the bigness of a nut, in
Her back, and piercing through her inmost heart,
Dryden the roof of a borse's mouth, which rises
2. To open chirurgically; to cut in order above the teeth.
to a cure. His horse possest with the glauders, troubled
We do lance with the lampass, infected withihe fashions. Sbak.
Diseases in our bodies.
Shakspeades LAMPBLACK. 1. s. [lamp and black.] It Fell scrrow's tooth doth never rankle more
is made by holding a torch under the Than whon it bites, but lancetb not the sore. buitom of a basin, and as it is furred
That differs as far from our usual severities, as 'striking it with a feather into someshell, and grinding it with gum water.
the lancings of a physician do from the wounds
of an adversary. Peacham on Drawing.
Decay of Picty.
Lance the sore, LA'uring. aslj. (7.24.76áws.] Shining i And cut the head; for till the core is found sparkling. Kot used.
The secret vice is fed.
Dryden. Himno ines, co which with starry light
The shepherd stands, Three himping eyes will deign sumetimes to And when the lancing knite requires his hands,
Spenser. Vain he!!!, with idle pray’rs from heav'n deLAMPOʻON. 2. s. (Bailey derives it trom
Dryden. kompons, a drunken song. It imports, let LA'NCELY. adj. (from lance.) Suitable us drink, from the old Wrench lamper, and
to a lance.
Noc in use. was repeated at the end of each couplet
He carried his lances, which were strong, to at carousals. 7rev.] A personal satire ;
give a buncely blow.
Sidney. abuse ; çensure written not to reform LANCERE'S ADE, · 1. s. [lance spezzate, but vex..
French.) The officer under the corThey say my talent is satire; if so, it is a poral: not now in use among us. fruitful age; they have sown the dragon's teeth To th' Indics of her arm he flies, themsel: es, and it is but just they should reap Fraught both with east and western prize, each ther in lampoons.
Dryden. Which, when he bad in vain essay'd,
Poje. Arm'u like a dapper lancepesade
Cleavelaste LAMPOʻONER. n. s. (from lcmpoon.! A LÁ'NCET. 11. ". (lancette, French.] scribbler of personal satire.
small pointed chirurgical instrument.
I gave vent to it by an apertion with a laneet, Syria and Mesopotamia, and stopt rol short, and discharged wite matter. Wiseman's Surgery. without pushing their trade to the Indies. A vein, in an apparent blue runneth along the
Arbuthnot. body, and if dexterously pricked with a lancet, The species brought by land-carriage were emittcth a red drop: Brown's Vulgar Errors. much better than those which came to Egypt by
Arbutbrot. Hippocrates saith, blood-letting should be done with broad lancets or swords, in order to 4. Ground; surface of the place. Unmake a large orifice: the manner of opening a usual. vein then was by stabbing or pertusion, as in Beneath his steely casque he felt the blow, horses.
And rolld with limbs relax'd, along the land. TO LANCH. v. a. [lancer, Fr. This word
Pope. is too often written launch: it is only a 5. An estate real and immoveable. vocal corruption of lance.] To dart; To forfeit all your goods, lands, and teneto cast as a lance; to throw; to let fiy.
ments, See whose arm can lanch the surer bolt,
Castles, and goods whatsoever, and to be And who's the better Jove. Dryaden and Lee.
Out of the king's protection. Sbakspeare. Me, only me, the hand of fortune bore,
He kept himselt within the bounds or loyalty, Unblest to tread the interdicted shore;
and enjoyed certain lands and towns in the borders of Polonia.
Knolles. When Jove tremend us in the sable deeps,
This nian is freed from servile hands, Launcb'd his red lightning at our scatter'd ships.
Of hope to rise, or fear to fall:
Lord o himselt, though noc of lands, LANCINA ́TION. n. s. [from larcino, Lat.] And having nothing, yet hath all.
Wction. Tearing; laci ration.
6. Nation ; people; the inhabitants of the 10 LANCINATE. v. a. [lancino, Lat.]
land. To tear; 10 rend; to lacerate.
These answers in the silent night receiv'd,
The king himself divulg'd, the land believ'd. LAND. n.s. [land, Gothick, Saxon, and
Dryden. so all the Teutonick dialects.]
7. Urine. (blond, Saxon.] As J. A country; a region distinct from Probably land-damn was a coarse expression other countries.
in the cant strain, tormerly in common use, but The rations of Scythia, like a mountain food,
since laid aside and forgotten, which meant the did overflow all Spain, and quite washed away taking away a man's life. For land or lant is an whatsoever reliques there were left of the londo old word for urine, and to stop the common pasbred people. Spenser's State of Ireland. sages and functions of nature is to kill. Hanmir. Thy ambition,
You are abused, and by some putter on, Thou scarlet sin, robb'd this bewailing land That will be damn'd for't; would I knew the Of noble Buckingham.
villain, What had he done to make him fly the land? I would land-damn him. Sbalsp. Win. Tale.
Sbakspeare. To Lagd. v.a. (trom the noun.] TO The chicf men of the land had great authority; set on shore. though the government was monarchical, it was
The legions, now in Gallia, sooner landed not despotick. Broome's Notes on ibc Odyssey. In Britain.
Shakspeare's Cymbeline. 2. Earth, distinct from water.
He who rules the raging wind, By land they found that huge and mighty
To thee, O sacred ship, be kind, country.
Thy committed pledge restore, Yet, if thou go'st by land, tho'çrief possess
And land him saiciy on the shore. Dryden. My soul ev'n chen, my fears would be the less :
Another Typhis shall new seas explore, But, ah! he warn'd to shun the wat'ry way.
Another Argo land the chiefs upon th' Iberian
Dryden. They turn their heads to sea, their sierns to
TO LAND. V. n. To come to shore.
Let him land,
Sbakspeare. 3. It is often used in composition, as
Land ye not, none of you, and provide to be
gone from this coast, within sixteen days. Bacon. opposed to sea.
I land, with luckless omens: then adore The princes delighting their conceits with con Their gods.
Dryden's Encid. firming their knowledge, seeing wherein the sea LA'NDED. adj. (from land.] Having a disci;line differed from the land-service, they had
fortune, not in money but in land; pleasing entertainment.
Sidney. He to-night hath boarded a land-carrack;
having a real estate. If it prose lawful prize, he's made for ever. A landless knight makes thee a landed squire. Shalspeare.
Sbakspeare. With eleven thousand land solliers, and iwen
Men, whose living lieth together in one shire, ty-six ships of war, we within two months have are commonly counted greater landed than those
Bacon. • Necessity makes men ingenious and hardy ;
Comwell's officers, who were for levelling lands and if they have but land-room or sea-room, they
while they had none, when they grew landed tell find supplies for their hunger.
to crying up magna charta.
Temples Hale's Origin of Mankind.
A house of commons must consist, for the * writ not always in the proper terms of na
most part of landed men. Addison's Freebolder. vization or land service. Dryden's. JÆneid. LA'NDFALL. n. s. [land and fall.] A
The French are to pay the same duties at the sudden translation of property in land drv ports through which they pass by land-carpiege, as we pay upon importation or exportation LA'NDFLOOD. n. so sland and flood.] Io•
by the death of a rich man. by sea. The Plænicians carried on a land-irude to
won one town.
} * T'he top of stairs.
Apprehensions of the affections of Kent, and 2. The master of an inn. all other places, looked like a land flood, that Upon our arrival at the inn, my companion
might roll they knew not how far, Clarendan. fetched out the jolly landlord, who knew him by LAND-FORCES. 2. s. [land and force.] his whistle.
Addison. Warlike powers not naval ; soldiers that LA'NDMARK. N. s. [land and mark.] Any serve on land.
thing set up to preserve the boundaries We behold in France the greatest land-forces of land. that have ever been known under any christian I'th' midst, an altar, as the land-mark, stood, prince. Temple. Rustick, of grassy sod.
Milton. LA'NDHOLDER. n. s. [land and bolder. ] The land-marés by which places in the church One who holds lands.
had been known, were removed. Clarendon. Money, as necessary to trade, may be consi Then land-marks limited to each his right; dered as in his hands that pays the labourer and
For all before was common as the light. Dryden. Lansbeider; and if this man want money, the Though they are not self-evident principles, manutacture is not made, and so the trade is lost. yet if they have been made out from them by a
Locke. wary and unquestionable deduction, they may LA’ND-JOBBER. n. s. [land and job.]
serve as land-marks, to shew what lies in the dia
rect way of truth, or is quite besides it. Locke. One who buys and sells lands for other men.
LA'NDSCAPE. n. s. (landschape, Dutch.] If your master be a minister of state, let him 1. A region; the prospect of a country. be at home to none but landjobbers, or inventors
Lovely seem'd, of new funds.
Swift. That landscape ! and of pure, now purer air, LA'NDGRAVE. n. s. Įland and grave, a
Meets his approach.
Milton count, German.) A German title of
The sun scarce uprisen, dominion.
Shot parallel to th' earth his dewy ray,
Discovering in wide landscape all the east LA'NDING.
. [from ]
Of paradise, and Eden's happy plains. Milton. LA'NDING-PLACE.
Straight mine eye hath caught new pleasures, Let the stairs to the upper rooms be upon a Whilst the landscape round it measures, fair, open newel, and a fair landing-place at the Russet lawns and iallows grey, top:
Bacon. Where the nibbling flocks do stray. Milton. The landing place is the uppermost step of a We are like men entertained with the view of pair of stairs, viz. the floor of the room you ascend a spacious landscape, where the eye passes over upon.
one pleasing prospect for another. Addison. There is a stair-case that strangers are generally carried to see, where the easiness of the
2. A picture, representing an extent of ascent, the disposition of the lights, and the con
space, with the various objects in it. venient landing, are admirably well contrived.
As good a poet as you are, you cannot make Addison on Italy.
finer landscapes than those about the king's What the Romans called vestibulum was no
Addison. part of the house, but the court and landing-place
Oft in her glass the musing shepherd spies between it and the street. Arbutbnot on Coins. The wat’ry landscape of the pendant woods, LA'NDLADY. n. s. [land and lady:]
And absent trees, that tremble in the floods. 1. A woman who has tenants holding Land-Tax. n. s. [land and tax.] Tax
Pope. from her. 2. The mistress of an inn.
laid upon land and houses. If a soldier drinks his pint, and offers payment
If mortgages were registered, land-taxes might in Wood's halfpence, the landlady may be under
reach the lender to pay his proportion. Locke. some difficulty.
Swifi. LAND-WAITER. n. s. [land and waiter.] LA'NDLESS. adj. [from land.] Without An officer of the customs, who is to property; without fortune.
watch what goods are landed. Young Fortinbras
Give a guinea to a knavish land-waiter, and he Hath in the skirts of Norway, here and there, shall connive at the merchant for cheating the Shark'd up a list of landless resolutes.
queen of an hundred.
Swift's Examiner. Sbakspeare's Hamlet. I.A'NDWARD. adv. [from land.] Toward A lardless knight hath made a landed squire.
the land. LA'NDLOCKED. adj. [land and lock.]
They are invincible by reason of the overShut in, or enclosed with land.
pouring mountains that back the one, and slens
der forutication of the other to landward. There are few natural parts better landlocked, and closed on all sides, than this seems to have
Sandys' Journey been.
Addison on Italy.
LANE. n. s. [laen, Dutch ; lana, Saxon.] LANDLOPER. 1. s. [land and lopen, Dut] 1. A narrow way between hedges. A landman; a term of reproach used by
All flying seamen of those who pass their lives on
Through a straight lore, the enemy full-hearted shore.
Struck down some mortally. Shaksp.Cymbeline. LA'NDLORD. B. s. [land and lord.]
I know each lane, and every alley green,
Dingle or bushy ceil, of this wild wood, 1. One who owns lands or houses, and has And every bosky burn.
Milton. tenants under him.
Through a close lane as I pursu'd my journey. This regard shall be had, that in no place, un
Otway. der any landlord, there shall be many of thein A pack-horse is driven constantly in a narrow placed together, but dispersed,
lane and dirty road.
Locke. Spenser's State of Ireland. 2. A narrow street ; an alley. It is a generous pleasure in a landlord, to love There is no street, not manylanes, where there to see all his tenants look fat, sleek, and con does not live one that has relation to the church. icated, Clarissa,
3. A passage between men standing on What can we expect, but that her languishings each side.
should end in death?
Decay of Piety, The earl's servants stood ranged on both sides,
His sorrows bore him off; and softly laid and made the king a lane. Bacon's Henry VII.
His languisb'd limbs upon his homely bed. Drydo LA'NERET. X. S. A little hawk.
2. To be no longer vigorous in motion j LA'NGUAGE. n. s., (langage, French; lin.
not to be vivid in appearance.
The troops with hate inspir'd, gua, Latin.]
Their darts with clamour at a distance drive, 1. Human speech.
And only keep the languish'd war alive. Dryden. We may define language, if we consider it more materially, to be letters, forming and pro
3. To sink or pine under sorrow, or any
slow passion. ducing words and sentences; but if we consider
What man who knows it according to the design thereot, then language is apt signs for communication of thoughts.
What woman is, yeawhat she cannot chuse Holder.
But must be, wilí his free hours languish out 2. The tongue of one nation as distinct
For assur'd bondage ? Sbakspeare's Cymbeline.
The land shall mourn, and every one that from others.
dwelleth therein; shall lugguisb,
· Hoste, O! good my lord, no Latin;
I have been talking with a suitor here, I am not such a truant since my coming, A man that languisbes in your displeasure. As not to know the language I have liv'd in.''
Shekspeare. Sbakspeare. I was about fifteen when I took the liberty to He not from Rome alone, but Greece,
chuse for myself, and have ever since lançuisbed Like Jason, brought the golden fleece;
under the displeasure of an inexorable father. To him that language, though to none
Spectator. Of th' others, as his own was known. Denbam. Let Leonora consider, that, at the very time 3. Style; manner of expression.
in which she languishes for the loss of her lover, Though his language should not be refin'd, there are persons just perishing in a shipwreck. It must not be obscure and impudent.
Spectator. Roscommon. 4. To look with softness or tendei ness. Others for language all their care express, What poems think you soft, and to be read And value books, as women, men, for dress : With languishing regards, and bending head? Their praise is still the stile is excellent;
Dryden. The sense, they humbly take upon content. PopeLA'NGUISH. n. s. (from the verb.) Soft LA'NGUAGED. adj. [from the noun.] Having various languages.
And the blue languisb of soft Allia's eye. He wanďring long a wider circle made, And many languag'd nations has survey'd. Pope.
Then forth he walks, LA'NGUAGE-MASTER. n. 5. (language and Beneath the trembling lunguish of her beam, master.] One whose profession is to With soften'd soul.
Thomson's Spring. teach languages.
LA'NGUISHINGLY. adv. (from languishThe third is a sort of language-master, who is **ing.) to instruct them in the stile proper for a minis 1. Weakly ; feebly; with feeble softness.
Spectator. Leave such to tune their own dull rhimes, LA'NCUET. n. s. (languette, French.) Any
and know thing cut in the form of a tongue.
What's roundly smooth, or languishingly slow.
Pope. LA'NGUID. adj. (languidus, Latin.) 2. Dully; tediously: 1. Faint; weak; feeble.
Alas! my Dorus, thou seest how long and Whatever renders the motion of the blo languisbingły the weeks are past over since our languid, disposeth to an acid acrimony; what
Sidney. accelerates the motion of the blood, disposeth to LA'NGUISHMENT. n. s. [languissamment, an alkaline acrimony.
Arbuthnot. No space can be assigned so vast, but still a
French; from languish.] larger may be imagined; no motion so swift or 1. State of pining. larguid, but a greater velocity or slowness may By that count which lovers' books invent, still be conceived.
Bentley. The sphere of Cupid forty years contains; 2. Dull; heartless.
Which I have wasted in long languishment, I'll hasten to my troops,,
That seem'd the longer for my greater pains. And fire their languid souls with Cato's virtue.
Spenser. Addison. 2. Softness of mien. La'YGUIDLY.adv. (from languid.] Weak
Humility it expresses, by the stooping or bendly; feebly.
ing of the head; languishment, when we hang it The menstruum work'd as languidly upon the
Dryden. coral as it did before.
LA'Nguor. n. š. (languor, Latin ; lan. LA'NGUIDNESS. S. (from languiil.]
1. Faintness; wearisomeness. Weakness; feebleness; want of strength.
Well hoped I, and fair beginnings had, To LA'NGUISH. v. n. [languir, French;
That he my captive languor should redcem. languro, Latin.]'
Spenser. 1. To grow feeble; to pine away; to lose For these, these tribunes, in the dust l write strength.
My heart's deep langror, and my soul's sad tcars. Let her languish
Shakspears. A drop of blood a-day; and, being aged, 2. Listlessness ; inattention. Die at this folly: Sbukspeure's Cymbeline. Academical disputation gives vigour and briskWc and out fathers do languiste of such dis ness to the mind thus exercised, and relieves the
languor of private study and medication, Watso
5. Softness ; laxity.
A candle lasteth longer in a luntborn than at To isles of fragrance, lily-silver'd vales
Baron. Dittusing langzer in the parting gales. Durcia.! Amongst the excellent acts of that king, one (In physick.)
hath the pre-eminence, the erection and instiLangur and lassitude signifies a faintness,
tution of a society, which we call Solomon's which may arise from want or decay of spirits,
house ; the noblest foundation that ever was, through indigestion, or too much exercise ; or
and the lantborn of this kingdom.
Bacon's Atlantis. from an additional weight of fuids, from a dimi.
O thievish night, nution of secretion by the common discharges.
Why should'st thou, but for some felonious end,
In thy dark lantborn thus close up the stars LA SCUOROUS. adj.[languoreux, French.] That'nature hung in heav'n, and fill'd their lamps Tedious; melancholy. Not in use. With everlasting oil ?
Milton. Dear lady, how shall I declare thy case,
Vice is like a dark lantborn, which turns its Whom la:e I left in languorous constraint ? bright side only to him that bears it, but looks
black and dismal in another's hand. To LA'SIATE. V. a. [lanio, Latin.] To
Gov. of the Tongue tear in pieces ; to lacerate.
Judge what a ridiculous thing it were, that the
continued shadow of the earth should be broken LANIFICE. 9. s. (lanificium, Lat.] Wool by sudden miraculous eruptions of light, to prelen manufacture.
vent the art of the lantern-makor. The moth breedeth upon cloth and other la
More's Divine Dialogues. nifces, especially they be laid up. dankish and Our ideas succeed one another in our minds,
Bacon. . not much unlike the images in the inside of a LA'NIGEROUS. adj. [laniger, Lat.) Bear
Santhorn, turned round by the heat of a candle.
Locke. ing wool. LANK. adj. (lancke, Dutch.]
2. A lighthouse; a light hung out to 1. Loose ; not filled up; not stiffened guide ships. out; not fat; not plump; slender.
Caprea, where the lantborn fix'd on high The commons hast thou rack'd; the clergy's
Shines like a moon through the benighted sky, bags
While by its beams the wary sailor steers.
Addison. Are lank and lean with thy extortions, Sbaksp.
Name not Winterface, whose skin's slack, LA'Ntern jaws. A term used of a thin Laal, as an unthrift's purse.
visage, such as if a candle were burning We ler down into the receiver a great bladder well tied at the deck, but very lank, as not con
in the mouth might transmit the light. laining above a pint of air, but capable of con
Being very lucky in a pair of long lantborne talning ten times as much.
jaws, he wrung his face into a hideous grimace. Moist earth produces corn and grass, but both
Spectator. Tirank and top luxuriant in their growth. LANU'GINOUS. adj. (lanuginosus, Latin.] Lest nut my land so large a promise boast, ' Downy; covered with soft hair. Let the leak ears in length of stem be lost.
LAP. n. s. [læppe, Saxon ; lappe, German.] No, now my bearded harvest gilds the plain, 1. The loose part of a garment, which Thus dreams the wretch, and vainly thus dreans may be doubled at pleasure.
If a joint of meat falls on the ground, take it Till his lank purse declares his money gone. up gently, wipe it with the lap of your coat, and
2. The part of the clothes that is spread They just keep life and soul together. Swift. horizontally over the knees as one sits 2. Milton seems to use this word for faint; down, so as any thing may lie in it. languid.
It feeds each living plant with liquid sap, He, piteous of her woes, rear'd her lank head, And fills with flow'rs fair Flora's painted lop. And gave her to his daugheers to imbathe
Spenser. In nectar'd laver: s:rew'd with asphodil. Milton. Upon a day, as love lay sweetly slumb'ring LA'NKNESS. n.s. (from lank.] Want of
‘All in his mother's lap, plumpness.
A gentle bee, with his loud trumpet mur.
m'ring, LA'NNER. N. s. [lanier, Fr. lannarius, Lat.) About hin few by hap. Spenser. A species of hawk.
I'll make my haven in a lady's lap, LA'NSQUENET, n. s. [lance and knecht,
And 'witch sweet ladies with my words and looks.
Sbakspeare. Dutch.) 1. A common foot soldier.
All on the wanton rushes lay you down, 2. A game at cards.
And rest your gentle head upon her lap, LANTERN. n. s. (lanterne, French; la.
And she will sing the song that pleaseth yot,
Sbakspeare. terna, Latin: it is by mistake often
Our stirring written lantborn.]
Con from the lap of Egypt's widow pluck 1. A transparent case for a candle.
The ne'er-lust-wearied Antony. Sbakspeare.
Heav'ns almighty sire
Shakspeare. Himself into her lip in fruitful show'rs.
Crasbac. thor in the poop, but 'tis in the nose of thee; Men expect that religion should cost them no chou art the knight of the burning lamp.
pains, and that happiness should drop into their Sbakspeare. 1.ups.
She bids you