Elements of Ethics

כריכה קדמית
Silver, Burdett & Company, 1900 - 294 עמודים

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מה אומרים אנשים - כתיבת ביקורת

לא מצאנו ביקורות במקומות הרגילים

תוכן

Freedom the power of choosing a postulate
27
Four constitutional limitations and corollary
28
Freedom absolute Liberty discriminated
29
Objective restrictions of liberty
30
Subjective restrictions Persuasion Menace
31
Warranted restrictions Unavoidable Avoidable 51 52 54 56 56 58
32
Personal rela ns determinative of rights
33
A right implies possible interference A wrong
34
ETHICS
35
Trespass defined Its wide sense Limits liberty
36
Practical difficulties Partial clearances
37
Property rights Adjudication
38
The trespass of forced intrusion of vice of discourtesy
39
Personal honor its offense and defense
40
Indirect trespass its parity Sin is trespass 68 69
41
Its cognitive origin and its formula
42
Conscience defined Inerrant Uneducable
43
Imperatives The moral law categorical
44
Supremacy of the law Addressed to the will
45
The law objective in origin and character
46
Negative form Deductions Decalogue Civil
47
This form inadequate Positive form 80 82 84 87 91
48
Consequences ratify and sanctify the
49
Subjective sanctions Moral sentiments
50
The natural impulse to reward and punish
51
The subjective objectified and proportioned
52
Legalized forms of Reduction to unity
53
Pain a penal ordinance Not an evil
54
Moral quality a property of the intention
58
The immediate and the ulterior intention
59
Imputation of moral quality to other activities
60
The moral paradox
61
The positive demand of the moral
62
Definitions Injustice and trespass identified
63
Corrective and distributive justice
64
Legalized justice Its basis Its imperfection Equity its jural and its general sense
65
Mercy social judicial divine consists with justice
67
42
76
Pleasure not the sole content of welfare
93
Welfare defined Its imperfect realization
94
95 Happiness its reflex Special conditions
95
The summum bonum Ancient doctrines
96
Modern doctrines of The adopted view
97
22
104
RIGHT AND WRONG
107
DUTY AND VIRTUE 68 Duty meaning of positive form of 69 Right and duty Corollaries Other synonyms Virtuous character how formed Virtue d...
136
Second part Conclusion
155
SERVICE Extension of the notion of duty Service obligatory
158
Illustrative cases The law restated
159
The dignity of service Ministry Heroism
161
Distribution of benefits Participation in Modified altruism
164
The using and serving each other as means
165
Stewardship in holding and using In defending
166
The law of service objectively insufficient
169
DEITY 98 His existence postulated Schemes without God 99 His attributes Anthropomorphic The supernatural 100 No other ground for complete ...
197
SECOND PART ORGANIZATION TRANSITION 103 A brief summary of the foregoing doctrine 104 Complex social relations now to be conside...
209
PAGE
211
106
213
THE
220
What if alone or if in society without affections 108 A solitary unreal Man hardly without affections 109 Ethical elements discoverable in personal r...
222
225
225
III THE COMMUNITY A product of pressure An organism 123 Obligation of intercourse Seclusion condemned
237
The common law of social decorum
240
Truthfulness a condition Deception
241
Promises Contracts Common honesty
243
Minor organisms subordinate to the whole
244
Division of labor Its organic and moral effects
246
Capital and labor Socialism A preference
248
THE STATE
249
Its purpose Its content Limits of this discussion
250
Forms of government Its three essential branches
251
The State an organism Its ethical character
254
Its basis the family Other organic members
256
Its individuality and personality wherein manifest
259
Diversity of obligations Civic virtue patriotism
261
Ground of punishment Right and duty of defense
263
The defense of its members and of itself against trespass
265
The right to punish is in this defense Discipline
266
Of rebellion and revolution and of defensive war
268
The relations of States A universal State
269
THE CHURCH 141 Religion its definition and division
272
Subject in all its forms to ethical principles
274
The Christian Church incorporating general ethics
277
Its rise and resistless progress
278
Elements of its power Philosophy of its history
281
Its union with the State Opposed functions
282
The Church Universal Its ethical essence
286
81 82 83 84 85 86
290
Love obligatory Definition and distinctions Affection can be and is commanded The variations and extension of the obligation The law of loving ser...
291
176
292
181
293
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עמוד 260 - It is a partnership in all science ; a partnership in all art ; a partnership in every virtue, and in all perfection. As the ends of such a partnership cannot be obtained in many generations, it becomes a partnership not only between those who are living, but between those who are living, those who are dead, and those who are to be born.
עמוד 285 - That religion, or the duty which we owe to our Creator, and the manner of discharging it, can be directed only by reason and conviction, not by force or violence ; and therefore all men are equally entitled to the free exercise of religion, according to the dictates of conscience ; and that it is the mutual duty of all to practise Christian forbearance, love, and charity towards each other.
עמוד 167 - Heaven doth with us as we with torches do, Not light them for themselves ; for if our virtues Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike As if we had them not.
עמוד 183 - Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do.
עמוד 254 - What constitutes a state ? Not high-raised battlement or labored mound, Thick wall or moated gate ; Not cities proud, with spires and turrets crowned ; Not bays and broad-armed ports, Where, laughing at the storm, rich navies ride ; Not starred and spangled courts, Where low-browed baseness wafts perfume to pride. No: MEN, high-minded MEN...
עמוד 22 - It is true, that a little philosophy inclineth man's mind to atheism; but depth in philosophy bringeth men's minds about to religion: for while the mind of man looketh upon second causes scattered, it may sometimes rest in them, and go no farther; but when it beholdeth the chain of them confederate and linked together, it must needs fly to Providence and Deity.
עמוד 268 - ... of all the various modes and forms of government, that is best which is capable of producing the greatest degree of happiness and safety and is most effectually secured against the danger of maladministration; and...
עמוד 37 - I have already urged, the practice of that which is ethically best — what we call goodness or virtue — involves a course of conduct which, in all respects, is opposed to that which leads to success in the cosmic struggle for existence. In place of ruthless selfassertion it demands self-restraint; in place of thrusting aside, or treading down, all competitors, it requires that the individual shall not merely respect, but shall help his fellows; its influence is directed, not so much to the survival...
עמוד 132 - Though justice be thy plea, consider this, That, in the course of justice, none of us Should see salvation: we do pray for mercy; And that same prayer doth teach us all to render The deeds of mercy.
עמוד 170 - The leper raised not the gold from the dust : "Better to me the poor man's crust, Better the blessing of the poor, Though I turn me empty from his door ; That is no true alms which the hand can hold ; He gives nothing but worthless gold Who gives from a sense of duty...

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