תמונות בעמוד

Instruction, how a man may find,
VII. xxi.

Instructions to a son about govern-
ment, XVIII. x.
Insubordination, worse than meanness,

VII. Xxxt.; different causes of.

VIII. x.

Intelligence, what constitutes, XII. vi.
Intercourse, character formed by, V.

ii. ; of Confucius with others, traits

of, X. xi.; with others, different

opinions on, XIX. iii.
Internal, the, not predictable from the

external, XIV. v.
Ironical admonition, XIII. xiv.

Jealousy of others' talents, against,
XV. x., iii.

Joy of Confucius independent of out-
ward circumstances, 'v II. xv.

Judgment of Confucius concerning
Tsze-ch'an, &c, XIV. x. ; of retired
worthy, on Confucius, XIV. xlii.

Keun-tsze. See Superior man.
Killing, not to be talked of by rulers,

XII. xix.
Knowing and not knowing, II. xvii.
Knowledge, disclaimed by Confucius,

IX. vii.; four classes of men in re-
lation to, XVI. ix.; not lasting with-
out virtue, XV. xxxii.; of Confucius
not connate, VIII. xix. ; sources of
Confucius', XIX. xxii.; subserves
benevolence, IL xxii.

Lament over moral error added to
natural defect, VIII. xvi. ; sickness
of Pih-new, VI. viii.; persistence
in error, V. xxvi. ; rarity of the love
of virtue, IV. vi.; the rash reply of
Tsac Go, III, xxi. ; the wayward-
ness of men, VI. xiv.; of Confucius,
that men did not know him, XIV.

Language, the chief virtue of, XV. xl.

Learner, the, I. i., xiv.; Confucius
describes himself as a, VII. xviii.

Learning and propriety combined, VI.
xxv. and XII. xv.; Confucius' fond-
ness for, V. xxvii. ; different motives
for, XIV. xxv. ; end of, II. xviii.;
how to be pursued, VI. xi. and
VIII. xvii.; iu order to virtue,
XIX. vi.; necessity of, to complete
virtue, XVII. viii.; quickly leads
to good, VIII. xii.; should not
cease or be intermitted, IX. xviii.;
substance of, I. vii.; the indications
of a real love of, XIX. v.; the stu-
dent's workshop, XIX. vii.
Lesson, of prudence, XIV. ix.; to

parents and ministers, XIV. viii.;
to rulers, VIII. x.; to Tsze-loo,
XIII. i.

Lessons and laws, Confucius' actions

were, XVII. xix.
Libation, pouring out of, in sacrifice,

III. x.

Life, human, valued by Confucius, X.
xii. ; without uprightness, not true,

VI. xvii.

Likings and dislikings of others, in
determining a man's character,
XIII. xxiv. and XV. xxvii.

Literary acquirements, useless without
practical ability, XIII. v.

Litigation, how Tsze-loo could settle,
XII. xii.; it is better to prevent,
XII. xiii.

Love of virtue rare, IV. vi. and IX.

Love to learn, of Confucius, V. xxvii.;
of Hwuy, XI. vi.; rarity of, VI.

Loving and hating aright, IV. iii.

Madman, the, of Ts'oo, XVIII. v.
Man, in relation to principles of duty,

XV. xxviii.
Manhood, the vice to be guarded

against in, XVI. vii.
Manner of Confucius when unoccupied,

VII. iv.

Marriage-making, Confucius in, V. i.
Mat, rule of Confucius about his,
X. ix.

Maturing of character, rules for,
VII. vi.

Mean man, glosses his facts, XIX.

viii. See Superior man.
Meanness of Wei-shang, V. xxiii.;

not so bad as insubordination, VII.


Mercenary officers, impossible to serve

along with, XVII. xv.
Merit of Kung-shuh Wan, XIV. xix.;

of Kwan Chung, XIV. xvii., xviii.;

virtue of concealing, VI. xiii.
Messenger, an admirable, XIV. xxvi.
Military affairs, Confucius refuses to

talk of, XV. l.
Minding too much high things, XIX.


Minister, the faithful, XV. xxxvii.

Ministers, great and ordinary, XI.
xxiii. ; importance of good and able,
XIV. xx.; must be sincere and up-
right, XIV. xxiii. ; should be strict
and decided, XIV. viii.

Mission of Confucius, Yen Yuen's
confidence in, XI. xxii.

Model student, fond recollections of a,
IX xx.

Moral appliances to be preferred in
government, II. iii.

Mourners, Confucius' sympathy with,
VII. ix., and X. xvi.

Mourning, three years for parents,
XVII. xxi. ; government, how car-
ried on in time of, XIV. xliii. ; the
trappings of, may be dispensed with,
XIX. xiv.

Murder of the duko of Ts'e, XIV.

Music, and ceremonies, vain without
/ virtue, Ill, iii.; effect of, VIII.
/ viii. ; effect of, on Confucius, VM,

xii.; influence of, in government,
XVII. iv,; of Shun and Woo com-
pared, III, xxv.; on the playing of,
III. xxiii. ; service rendered to, by
Confucius, IX. xiv.; the sound of
instruments does not constitute,
XVII. xi.

, Musicians of Loo, the, dispersion of,
V XVIII. ix.

Music-master, praise of a, VIII. xv.

Name, danger of a bad, XIX. xx.;

without reality, VI. xxiii.
Names, importance of being correct,
XIII. iii.

Narrow-mindedness, Tsze-chang on,
XIX. ii.

Natural duty and uprightness in col-
lision, XIII. xviii.; ease in cere-
monies to be prized, I. xii. ; qualities
which are favourable to virtue, XIII.

Nature of a man, grief brings out the

real, XIX. xvii.
Neighbourhood, what constitutes the

excellence of a, IV. i.
Nine subjects of thought to the supe-
rior man, XVI. x.
Notoriety, not true distinction, XII.

Ode (s), the Choto-nan and Shaou-
nan, XVII. x.; the Kwan-U'eu,
III. xx. ; the Yung, III. ii.; Pih-
kwei, X. v.; of Ch'ing, XV. x. ; the
Nga, IX. xiv.; XVII. xviii.
Odes, the study of the Book of, XVI.

xiii. and XVII. ix., x.; quotations
from the, I. xv., III. xviii., IX.
xxvi., XII. x. ; the pure design of
the, II. ii.

Office, declined by Tsze-k'een, VI. vii.;
desire for, qualified by self-respect,
IX. xii. ; Confucius, why not in, II.
xxi.; when to be accepted, and when
to be declined, VIII. xiii.
Officers, classes of men who may be
styled, XIII. xx.; mercenary, im-

possible to serve with, XVII. xv.;

personal correctness essential to,

XIII. xiii.; should first attend to

their proper work, XIX. xiii.
Official notifications of Ch'ing, why

excellent, XIV. ix.
Old knowledge, to be combined with

new acquisitions, II. xi.
Old man, encounter with an, XVIII.


Opposing a father, disapproved of,
VII. xiv.

Ordinances of Heaven necessary to be

known, XX. iii.
Ordinary people could not understand

Confucius, XIX. xxiii.; ordinary

rules, Confucius not to be judged by,

XVII. vii.
Originator, Confucius not an, VII. i.

Parents, grief for, brings out the real
nature of a man, XIX. xvii.; how a
son may remonstrate with, IV. xviii.;
should be strict and decided, XIV.
viii.; three years' mourning for,
XVII. xxi.; theiryears to be remem-
bered, IV. xxi.

People, what may and what may not
be attained to with the, VIII. ix.

Perfect virtue, caution in speaking,
characteristic of, XII, iii.; charac-
teristics of, XIII. xix. ; estimation
of, V. xviii. and VI. xx.; five
things which constitute, XVII. vi;
how to attain to, XII. i. ; not easily
attained, XIV. vii.; wherein real-
ized, XII. ii.

Persistence in error, lament over, V.

Perseverance proper toastudent, VI. x.
Personal attainment, a man's chief

concern, I. xvi. and XIV. xxxii.;

conduct, all in all to a ruler, XIII.

xvi.; correctness, essential to an

officer, XIII. xiii.
Perspicuity the chief virtue of lan-
guage, XV. xl.
Pervading unity, Confucius' doctrine a,

IV. xv. ; how Confucius aimed at,

XV. viii.

Phoenix, the, IX. viii. and XVIII. v.
Piety, see Filial.

Pity of Confucius for misfortune, IX.

Plans, what is necessary to concord

in, XV. xxxix.
Poetry, benefits of the study of the

Book of, VIII. viii, and XVII. ix.,

x. ; and music, service rendered to

by Confucius, IX. xiv.
Posthumous titles, on what principle

conferred, V. xiv.

Poverty, happiness in, VI. ix.; harder
to bear aright than riches, XIV. xi.;
no disgrace to a scholar, IV. ix.

Practical ability, importance of, XIII.

Practice, Confucius' zeal to carry his
principles into, XVII. v.

Praise of the house of Chow, VIII,
xx.; of the music-master Ch'e, VIII
xv.; of Yaou, VIII. xix.; of Yu,
VIII. xxi.

Praising and blaming, Confucius' cor-
rectness in, XV. xxiv.

Prayer, sin against Heaven precludes,
III, xiii.; Confucius declines, for
himself, VII. xxxiv.

Precaution, necessity of, XV. xi.

Preliminary study, necessity of, to
governing, XI. xxiv.

Presumption, &c, of the chief of the
Ke family, XVI. i.; and pusillan-
imity conjoined, XVII. xii.

Pretence, against, II, xvii.; Confucius'
-' dislike of, IX. xi.

Pretentiousness of Confucius' time,

VII. xxv.

Prince, and minister, relation of, III,
xix.; Confucius' demeanour before a,
X. ii.; Confucius' demeanour in re-
lation to, X. xiii.

Princes, Confucius' influence on, I. x.;
how to be served, III. xviii.

Principles, agreement in, necessary to
concord in plans, XV. xxxix. : and
ways of Yaou, Shun, &c, XX. i.;
of duty, an instrument in the hand
of man, XV. xxviii.

Prompt decision good, V. xix.

Propriety, and music, influence of,
XVII. iv. ; combined with learning,
VI. xxv. and XII. xv.; effect of,

VIII. viii.; love of, facilitates go-
vernment, XIV. xliv. ; necessary to
a ruler, XV. xxxii. ; not in external
appurtenances, XVII. xi. ; rules of,
I. xii., III. xv.; rules of, necessary
to be known, XX. iii. ; value of the
rules of, VIII, ii.

Prosperity and ruin of a country, on
what dependent, XIII. xv. and
XVI. ii.

Prowess conducting to ruin, XIV. vi.
Prudence, a lesson of, XIV. iv. ,
Pursuit of riches, against, VII. xi.'
Pusillanimity and presumption, XVII.

Qualifications of an officer, VIII.

Qualities that are favourable to virtue,
XIII. xxvii.; that mark the scholar,
XIII. xxviii.

Rash words cannot be recalled, III.

Readiness of Confucius to impart in-
struction, VII. vii.i of speech, V.
iv. and XVII. xiv.

Reading and thought, should be com-
bined, II. xv. and XV. xxx.

Rebuke to Yen Yew, &c, XVI. i.

Receptivity of Hwuy, II. ix. and
XI. iii.

Reciprocity the rule of life, xv, xxiii.
Recluse, Tsze-loo's encounter with a,

XVIII. vii.
Recluses, Confucius and the two,

XVIII. vi.
Recollection of Hwuy, Confucius' fond,

XI. xx.

Reflection, the necessity of,' IX. xxx.
Regretful memory of disciples' fidelity,
XI. ii.

Relative duties, necessity of maintain-
ing, XII. xi.

Remark of an ignorant man about
Confucius, IX. ii.

Remonstrance with parents, IV. xviii.

Repentance escaped by timely care,
1. xiii.

Reproof to Tsze-loo, Xtl. xxiv.
Reproofs, frequent, warning against

the use of, IV. xxvi.
Reputation not a man's concern, XV.


Resentments, how to ward off," XV.

Residence, rule for selecting a, IV. i.

Respect, a youth should be regarded
with, IX. xxii.; of Confucius for
men, XV. xxiv.; of Confucius for
rank, IX. ix.

Retired worthy's judgment on Confu-
cius, XIV. xiii.

Reverence for parents, II. vii.

Riches, pursuit of, uncertain of success,
VII. xi.

Right way, importance of knowing the,
IV. viii.

Righteous and public spirit of Con-
fucius, XIV. xxii.

Righteousness the Keun-tsze's concern,
IV. xvi.; is his rule of practice,
IV. x.

Root of benevolence, filial and fraternal

duty is the, I. ii.
Royal ruler, a, could, in what time,

transform the empire, XIII. xii.
Ruin and prosperity dependent on w'

XIII. xv. and XVI. ii. /.
Rule of life, reciprocity the, XV/"".
Ruler, virtue in a, II. i. /
Rulers, a lesson to, VIII. x. r/rsonal

conduct all in all to, X"- .

should not be occupied what u

the proper business of the people,

XIII. ir.

Ruling, best means of, II, iii.
Running stream, a, Confucius how af-
fected by, IX. xvi.

Sacrifice, Confucius' sincerity in, Ill.

xii.; the great, III. x., xi.; wrong

subjects of, II. xxiv.
Sagehood, not in various ability, IX.


Scholar, attributes of the true, XIX. i.;
his aim must be higher than comfort,

XIV. iii.

Self-cultivation, I. viii. and IX. xxiv.;
a man's concern, IV. xiv. ; a charac-
teristic of the Keun-ttze, XIV. xlv.;
Confucius' anxiety about, VII. iii.;
steps in, I. xv.

Self-examination, I. iv.

Selfish conduct causes murmuring, IV.

Self-respect should qualify desire for

office, IX. xii.
Self-willed, Confucius not, XIV. xxxiv.
Sequences of wisdom, virtue, and

bravery, IX. xxviii.
Servants, difficult to treat, XVII. xxv.
Shame of caring only for salary, XIV. i.
Shaou, a name of certain music, III.


Sheepj the monthly offering of a, III.

Shocking, quotation from, II. xxi.,
XlV.xiiii.; compilation from, XX, i.

Silent mourning, three years of, XIV.

Simplicity, instance of, VIII. v.

Sincerity, cultivation of, I. iv.; ne-
cessity of, II, xxii.; praise of, V.

Slandering of Tsze-loo, XIV. xxxviii.
Slowness to speak, of the ancients, IV.

xxii.; of the Keun-tsze, IV. xxiv.
Small advantages not to be desired in

government, XIII. xvii.
Social intercourse, qualities of the

scholar in, XIII. xxiii.
Solid excellence blended with orna-
ment, VI. xvi.
Son, a, opposing his father, against,

VII. xiv.; Confucius' instruction of

his own, XVI. xiii.
Sources of Confucius' knowledge, XIX.


Specious words, danger of, XV. xxvi.
leech, discretion in, XV. vii.
"it of the times, against, III. xviii.
ts, Confucius evades a question
mt serving, XI. xi. ; of the land,
to of, III. xxi.
Officer- attainment, W. xviii.; of

progress, different persons stop at

different, IX. xxix.
States of Ts'e and Loo, VI. xxii.
Strange doctrines, II. xvi.
Strength, not a fit subject of praise,

XIV. xxxv.
Student's proper work, XIX. xiii.
Stupidity of Ning Woo, V. xx.
Subjects, avoided by Confucius, VII.

xx.; of Confucius' teaching, VII.

xxiv. See Topics.
Submission of subjects, how secured,

II. xix.

Substantial qualities, and accomplish-
ments, in the Keun-tsze, XII. viii.

Sun and moon, Confucius like the,
XIX. xxiv.

superficial speculations, against, xv,

Superior and mean man, II. xii., xiii.,
xiv., IV. xi., xvi., VI. xi., VII.
xxxvi., XVI. viii. ; different air and
bearing of, XIII. xxvi.; different in
their relation to those employed by
them, XIII. xxv.; different manners
of, XIII. xxiii.; different tendencies
of, XIV. xxiv. ; how to know, XV.
xxxiii. ; opposite influence of, XII.

Superior man, above distress, XV. i.;
changing appearances of, to others,
XIX. ix.; cleaves to virtue, IV. v.;
does not conceal, but changes, his
errors, XIX. xxi.; firmness of, based
on right, XV. xxxvi.; four charac-
teristics of, V. xv.; is righteous,
courteous, humble, and sincere, xv,
xvii.; more in deeds than in words,

XIV. xxix.; nine subjects of thought
to, XVI. x. ; rule about his words
and actions, IV. xxiv. ; self-cultiva-
tion, characteristic of, XIV. xlv.;
talents and virtues of, VIII, vi.;
thoughts of in harmony with his
position, XIV. xxviii.; truth the ob-
ject of, XV. xxxi.; various charac-
teristics of, XV. xx., xxii., xxiii.;
wishes to be had in remembrance,

XV. xix.

Superiority of Hwuy, VI, ii., v.
Superstition of Tsang Wan, V. xvii.
Supreme authority ought to maintain

its power, XVI. ii.
Susceptivity of learners, teachers to

be guided by, VI. xix.
Swiftness to speak, incompatible with

virtue, XVII. xiv.
Sympathy of Confucius with mourners,

VII. ix. ; with sorrow, IX. ix.

Talents, men of, scarce, VIII. xx.;
worthless without virtue, VIII. xi.

Taxation, light, advantages of, XII.

Teacher, qualification of a, II. xi.
Teaching, effect of, XV. xxxviii.; Con-
fucius' earnestness in, IX. vii.;

Confucius' subjects of, VII. xxiv.;

graduated method of, XIX. xii.;

necessary to prepare the people for

war, XIII. xxix., xxx.
Temple, Confucius in the grand, XIII.

xv. and X. xiv.
Thieves made by the example of rulers,

XII. xviii.
Think, those who will not, the case of,

hopeless, XV. xv.
Thinking without reading, fruitless,

XV. xxx.
Thought and learning, to be combined,

II. xv.

Three, errors of speech, in the presence
of the great, XVI. vi. ; families, of
Loo, III, 11.; friendships advantage-
ous, and three injurious, XVI. iv.;
sources of enjoyment, id. id., XVI.
v.; things of which the superior man
stands in awe, XVI. viii.; years'
mourning, XIV. xliii.,XVII. xxi.;
worthiesof the Yin dynasty, XVIII. i.

Thunder, Confucius how affected by, X.

Topics, avoided by Confucius, VII. xx.;
most common of Confucius, VII,
xvii.; seldom spoken on by Con-
fucius, IX. i.

Traditions of the principles of "Wan
and Woo, XIX. xxii.

Training of the young, I. vi.

Transmitter, Confucius a, VII. i.

Trappings of mourning may be dis-
pensed with, XIX. xiv.

Treatment of a powerful but unworthy
officer by Confucius, XVII. i.

True men, paucity of, in Confucius'
time, VII. xxv.

Truthfulness, necessity of, I. xxii.

Two classes only whom practice cannot
change, XVII. iii.; recluses, Con-
fucius and the, XVIII. vi.

Unbending virtue, V. x.
Unchangeableness of great principles,
II. xxiii.

Unity of Confucius' doctrine, IV. xv.
and XV. ii.

Unmannerly old man, Confucius' con-
duct to an, XIV. xlvi.

Unoccupied, Confucius' manner when,
VII. iv.

Unworthy man, Confucius responds to
the advances of an, XVII. vii.

Uprightness, and natural duty in col-
lision, XIII. xviii.; meanness incon-

sistent with, V. xxiii. ; necessary to
true virtue, VI. xvii.

Usurped rites, against, III. i., ii., vi.

Usurping tendencies of the Ke family,
XIII. xiv.

Utensil, Tsze-kung an, V. iii.; the ac-
complished scholar, not an, II. xii.

Valour subordinate to righteousness,

XVII. xxiii.

Various ability of Confucius, IX. vi.
Vice, how to correct, XII. xxi.
Vices, of a father, no discredit to a

good son, VI. iv.; which youth,

manhood, and age have to guard

against, XVI. vii.
Village, Confucius' demeanour in his,

X. i., x.

Vindication, Confucius', of himself,
VI. xxvi.; of Confucius by Tsze-loo,

XVIII. vii.

Virtue, alone adapts a man for his con-
dition, IV. ii.; and not strength, a fit
subject of praise, XIV. xxxv.; cere-
monies and music vain without, III.
iii.; complete, I. i.; contentment
with what is vulgar injures, XVII.
xiii.; devotion of the Keun-tsze to,
IV. v.; exceeding, of T'ae-pih, VIII.
i.; few really know, XV. iii. ; how
to exalt, XII. x., xxi ; in conceal-
ing one's merit, Vi. xiii.; influence
of, II. i.; knowledge not lasting
without, XV. xxxii.; leading to em-
pire, XIV, vi.; learning necessary
to the completion of, XVII. viii.;
learning leading to, XIX. vi.; love
of, rare, IV, vi., IX. xvii., XV. xii.;
natural quahties which favour, XIII.
xxvii.; not far to seek, VII. xxix.;
the highest, not easily attained, and
incompatible with meanness, XIV.
vii.; the practice of, aided by inter-
course with the good, XV. ix.; to be
valued more than life, XV.viii.; true
nature and art of, VI. xxviii.; with-
out wealth, &c, XVI. xii.

Virtues, the great, demand the chief
attention, XIX. xi.

Virtuous men, not left alone, IV. xxv.;
only can love or hate others, IV.

Vocation of Confucius, a stranger's view
of, III. xxiv.

Vulgar ways and views, against con-
tentment with, XVII. xiii.

War, how a good ruler prepares the

people for, XIII. xxix., xxx-
Warning to Tsze-loo, XI. xii.
Waywardness, lament over, VI. xv.
Wealth without virtue, &c, XVI. xii.

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