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6. It is said in the Book of Poetry, "I regard with pleasure your brilliant virtue, making no great display of itself in sounds and appearances." The Master said, "Among the appliances to transform the people, sounds and appearances are but trivial influences. It is said in another ode, 'Virtue is light as a hair/ Still, a hair will admit of comparison as to its size. 'The doings of the supreme Heaven have neither sound nor smell/—That is perfect virtue."
The above is the thirty-third chapter. Tsze-sze having earned his descriptions to the extremest point in the preceding chapters, turns back in this, and examines the source of his subject; and then again from the work of the learner, free from all selfishness, and watchful over himself when he is alone, he carries out his description, till by easy steps he brings it to the consummation of the whole empire tranquillized by simple and sincere reverentialness. He farther eulogizes its mysteriousness, till he speaks of it at last as without sound or smell. He here takes up the sum of his whole Work, and speaks of it in a compendious manner. Most deep and earnest was he in thus goi7ig again over his ground, admonishing and instructing men :—shall the learner not do his utmost in the study of the Work?
the She-king, Pt IV. Bk I. Sect. L iv. 3. But in the She-king we must translate,—" There is nothing more illustrious than the virtue of the sovereign, all the princes will follow it." Tsze-sze puts another meaning on the words, and makes them introductory to the next paragraph. The "superior man " must here be " he who has attained to the sovereignty of the empire," the subject of chapter xxix. Thus it is that a constant shuffle of terms seems to be going on, and the subject before us is all at once raised to a higher and inaccessible platform. 6. Virtue in its highest degree and influence. See the She-king, Pt III, Bk I . viii. 7. The " I" is God, who announces to king Wan the reasons why he had called him to execute his judgments. Wan's virtue, not sounded nor emblazoned, might come near to the being without display of the last paragraph, but Confucius fixes on the word " great" to show its shortcoming. It had some, though not large exhibition. He therefore quotes again from Pt III. Bk III. vi. 6, though away from the original intention of the words. But it does not satisfy him that virtue should be likened even to a Mir. He therefore finally quotes Pt III. Bk L i. 7, where the imperceptible working of Heaven, in producing the overthrow of the Yin dynasty, is set forth as without sound or smell. That is his highest conception of the nature and power of virtue.
OF SUBJECTS IN THE CONFUCIAN ANALECTS.
Ability, various of Confucius, IX. vi.
Abroad, when a son may go, IV. xix.
Ti.; blended with solid excellence,
Achievement of government, the great,
Acknowledgment of Confucius in es-
Acting heedlessly, against, VII. xxvii.
Actions should always be right, XIV.
Adaptation for government of Yen
Admiration, Yen Yuen's, of Confucius'
doctrines, IX. x.
Advanced years, improvement difficult
in, XVII. xxvi.
Age, the vice to be guarded against in,
An all-pervading unity, the knowledge
Anarchy of Confucius' time, III. y.
Ancient rites, how Confucius cleaved
Ancients, their slowness to speak, IV.
Antiquity, Confucius' fondness for
Anxiety of parents, II. vi.; of Con-
Appearances, fair, are suspicious, 1.
Appellations for the wife of a prince,
Appreciation, what conduct will in-
Approaches of the unlikely, readily
Approbation, Confucius', of Nan Yung,
Aptitude of the Keun-tsze, II. xii.
Archery, contention in, III, vii. ; a
Ardent and cautious disciples, Con-
Ardour of Tsze-loo, V. vi.
Art of governing, XII. xiv.
Assent without reformation, a hopeless
Attachment to Confucius of Yen Y uen,
Attainment, different stages of, VI.
Attainments of Hwny, like those of
Confucius, VII. x.
hope for want of, IX. viii.
to, XIV. xxii.
Bad name, the danger of a, XIX. xx,
Becloudings of the mind, XVII. viii.
Bed, manner of Confucius in, X. xvi.
Benefits derived from studying the
Benevolence, to be exercised with pru-
Blind, consideration of Confucius for
the, XV. xli.
Burial, Confucius' dissatisfaction with
Hwuy's, XI. x.
own, VIII, xiv., and XIV. xxvii.
Calmness of Confucius in danger, VII.
Capacity of Mang Kung-ch'iS, XIV.
Capacities of the superior and inferior
man, XV. xxxiii.
was, VII. xii.
xvii. ; Confucius refuses to sell his,
Caution, advantages of, IV. xxiii.;
Ceremonies and music, XI. i.; end of,
I. xii. ; impropriety in, III. x. ; in-
regulated according to their object,
III, viii.; vain without virtue, III.
Character (s), admirable, of Tsze-yu,
II. x.; lofty, of Shun and Yu, VIII.
xviii.; of four disciples, XI. xvii.;
Characteristics, of perfect virtue, XIII.
xix. ; of ten disciples, XI. ii.
Claimed, what Confucius, VII. xxxiii.
Classes of men, in relation to know-
Climbing the heavens, equalling Con-
Common practices, some indifferent
and others not, IX. iii. ,
susceptibility, VI. xix.
Compass and vigour of mind necessary
Compassion, how a criminal-judge
Complete man, of the, XIV. xiii.;
Concealment, not practised by Con-
Concubines, difficult to treat, XVII.
Condemnation of Tsang. Woo-Chung,
Condition, only virtue adapts a man
Conduct that will be everywhere ap-
Confidence, enjoying, necessary to serv-
Connate, Confucius' knowledge not,
Consideration, of Confucius for the
Consolation to Tsze-new, when anxi-
Constancy of mind, importance of,
Constant Mean, the, VI. xxvii.
Contemporaries of Confucius described,
Contention, the superior man avoids,
Contentment in poverty of Tsze-loo,
IX. xxvi.; of Confucius with his
condition, IX. xi.; of the officer
King, XIII. viii.
ii. ; with isze-chang, XII. vi., vii.;
XX.ii.; with Tsze-kung, XIV. xviii.;
with Tsze-loo, XIV. xiii., xvii.;
with Tsze-new, XII. iii.; with Yen
Yuen, XII. i.
Courage, not doing right from want of,
Criminal judge, should cherish com-
Culpability of not reforming known
Danger, Confucius assured in time of
Dead, offices to the, I. ix.
Death, Confucius evades a question
Declined, what Confucius, to be reck-
Defects of former times become modern
Defence, of himself by Confucius, XIV.
Degeneracy, of Confucius' age, VI.
Delusions, how to discover, XII. x.,
Demeanour of Confucius, X. i. to v.,
Departure of Confucius, from Loo,
Depreciation, Confucius above the reach
of, XIX. xxiv.
Confucius, VII. xviii.
habit, XVII. ii.
Disciples, anxiety about training, V.
Discrimination of Confucius in reward-
Dispersion of the musicians of Loo,
of a, VII. xxii., IX. v.
Dreams of Confucius affected by dis-
Dress, rules of Confucius in regard to
Dying counsels to a man in high sta-
Dynasties, Yin, Hea, and Chow, VIII,
Earnest student, Hwuy the, IX. xix.
Earnestness in teaching of Confucius,
Egotism, instance of freedom from,
Eight able officers of the Chow dynasty,
Emolument, learning for, II. xviii.;
End, the, crowns the work, IX. xxi.
Enjoyment, advantageous and injuri-
Equalled, Confucius cannot be, XIX.
Error, how acknowledged by Confu-
Essential, what is, in different services,
Estimate, Confucius' humble, of him-
Estimation of others, not a man's con-
Example, better than force, II. xx.;
Excess and defect equally wrong, XI.
Expenditure, against useless, XI. xiii.
the internal, XIV. v.
good, XIV. xxi.
Fair appearances are suspicious, I. iii.,
Fasting, rules observed by Confucius
Father's vices, no discredit to a virtu-
Faults of men, characteristic of their
Feelings, need not always be spoken,
Fidelity of his disciples, Confucius'
Filial piety, I. xi., IV. xix., xx., xxi.;
XIX. xviii.; reverence in, II. vii.;
Firmness of superior man, based on
right, XV. xxxvi.
XX. ii.; things which constitute
Flattery of sacrificing to others' an-
Food, rules of Confucius about his, X.
Foreknowledge, how far possible, II.
Forethought, necessity of, XV. zi.
Formalism, against, III. iv.
Former times, Confucius' preference
Forward youth, Confucius* employ-
Foundation of virtue, I. ii.
Four bad things, to be put away, XX,
Frailties from which Confucius was
Fraternal submission, I. ii.
Friends, rules for choosing, I. viii., and
Friendship, how to maintain, V. xvi.;
Friendships, what, advantageous and
Frivolous talkers, against, xv, xvi.
Funeral rites, Confucius' dissatisfac-
Furnace, the, and the S. W. Corner, of
Gain, the mean man's concern, IV.
Generosity of Pih-e and Shuh-ts'e,
Glib-tongued, Confucius not, XIV.
Glibness of tongue and beauty, es-
Glossing faults, a proof of the mean
Gluttony and idleness, case of, hope-
God, address to, XX, i.
Golden rule, expressed with negatives,
Good fellowship of Confucius, VII.
Good, learning leads to, VIII. xii.
Good man, the, XI. xix. ; we must
Governing, the art of, XII. xiv.; with-
Government, good, seen from its effects,
Gradual progress of Confucius, II. iv.;
communication of his doctrine, V.
Grief, Confucius vindicates his, for
Hwuy, XI. ix.
Happiness of Confucius among his
Haste, not to be desired in government,
Heaven, Confucius rested in the order-
Hesitating faith, Tsze-chang on, XIX.
High aim proper to a student, VI. x.;
Home, Confucius at, X. xvi.; how
Hope, Confucius gives up, for want of
Hopeless case, of gluttony and idleness,
House and wall, the comparison of a,
Humble claim of Confucius for himself,
Humility of Confucius, VII. xxvi.
Hundred years, what good govern-
Idleness of Tsae Yu, V. ix.; case of,
Ignorant man's remark about Con-
Impatience, danger of, XV. xxvi.
Imperial rites, usurpation of, III. i.,
Improvement, self, II. xviii.; difficult
Incompetency, our own, a fit cause of
Indifference of the officer King to
Indignation of Confucius at the usurp-
Inferior pursuits, inapplicableto great