The Other Within: The Marranos : Split Identity and Emerging Modernity
Princeton University Press, 2009 - 490 עמודים
The Marranos were former Jews forced to convert to Christianity in Spain and Portugal, and their later descendents. Despite economic and some political advancement, these "Conversos" suffered social stigma and were persecuted by the Inquisition. In this unconventional history, Yirmiyahu Yovel tells their fascinating story and reflects on what it means for modern forms of identity.
He describes the Marranos as "the Other within"--people who both did and did not belong. Rejected by most Jews as renegades and by most veteran Christians as Jews with impure blood, Marranos had no definite, integral identity, Yovel argues. The "Judaizers"--Marranos who wished to remain secretly Jewish--were not actually Jews, and those Marranos who wished to assimilate were not truly integrated as Hispano-Catholics. Rather, mixing Jewish and Christian symbols and life patterns, Marranos were typically distinguished by a split identity. They also discovered the subjective mind, engaged in social and religious dissent, and demonstrated early signs of secularity and this-worldliness. In these ways, Yovel says, the Marranos anticipated and possibly helped create many central features of modern Western and Jewish experience. One of Yovel's philosophical conclusions is that split identity--which the Inquisition persecuted and modern nationalism considers illicit--is a genuine and inevitable shape of human existence, one that deserves recognition as a basic human freedom.
Drawing on historical studies, Inquisition records, and contemporary poems, novels, treatises, and other writings, this engaging critical history of the Marrano experience is also a profound meditation on dual identities and the birth of modernity.
מה אומרים אנשים - כתיבת ביקורת
Sefarad the Spanish Jerusalem
Reconquest and Revival The Cross Is Back
Pogroms and Mass Conversions
Marrano Otherness and Dualities
Conversos The Other Within
The New Otherness Duality in Many Faces
Marrano Mosaic I Places Persons Poems
The Arias dAvilas Hidden Jews or Marrano Dualists?
A Judaizing Marrano Religion
New Christians at the Forefront of Spanish Culture
A Christian Religion of the Interior
Dispersion and Modernity
Marranos Globalized The Networks the Nation
Marrano Mosaic II Wanderers Martyrs Intellectuals Dissenters
Marranos and Western Modernity
The Growing Marrano Problem
Enrique the Impotent Prosperity Anarchy and Inquisition on the Horizon
Ferdinand Isabella and the True Inquisition
The Great Expulsion
Portuguese Marranism Takes Over
Trap in Portugal
Portuguese Inquisition Pure Blood and the Nation
New Christian Religions and Spanish Culture