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- £, HE journey of which a brief account is & given in the following pages was under# "' $#3% taken in the early part of 1873. The object of the writer was to compare the Zand and the Book, and by an examination of the topography of Palestine to illustrate the histories of Scripture. Had any doubt existed in his own mind as to the veracity of those histories, it must have been dispelled by the minute agreement which he traced between the indications of the narrative and the physical geography of the country. No “fable,” however “cunningly devised,” no myth or legend coming into existence at a later age, could have adapted itself so precisely to the topographical details of the scene. The main design of the present volume has been to trace these coincidences, and thus to elucidate and confirm the biblical narrative. Whilst he has availed himself of all the help he could gain

from the writings of former travellers, he has in no case depended

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upon them, but endeavoured, by a personal and careful inspection of the sites, to arrive at an independent and accurate conclusion.

In the Illustrations, which form so large a part of the present volume, fidelity rather than artistic effect has been aimed at. Many of the engravings are from drawings made on the spot, but a greater number are from photographs. Those of Messrs. Bergheim and Nicodemus of Jerusalem, and Madame Bonfils of Beyrout, have been largely used for this purpose; and the writer desires to express his gratitude for the liberality with which the Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund have placed their admirable series at his disposal.

The Maps are enlarged by permission of Messrs. W. and A. Keith Johnston, from their Royal Atlas Map of Syria, which for correctness and fulness of detail is worthy of the high reputation they have long enjoyed as chartographers.

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£ist Of Ilustrations.

Range of Hermon, near Banias . - - - - - - - - - - - Frontis/tece.

Village of Siloam, and Valley of the Kedron . - - - - - - - - . Preface.

Map of the District . - - - - Aage 1o Southern Wall of the Temple Area Showing the

Head-Piece—Our Camp - - - - ... I I opening of “Robinson's Arch” - - Aage 27

Initial-Eastern Water-Seller . - - - II. Tomb of Rachel - - - - . 29

Jaffa, from the North . - - - - • I2 Solomon's Pools - - - 31

Jaffa, from the Sea . - - - - - 15 Ruins of Tekoa, on the way down to Hebron 32

Ploughing in Palestine. - - - - . 17 Distant View of Hebron - - • - 33

Ramleh . - - - - - - - 18 Hebron, and Mosque over the Cave of Machpelah 35

German Colony near Jaffa . - - - • 19 Pool of Hebron . - • - - - - 36

Lydda - - - - - - - - 2I Entrance to the Mosque over Machpelah 37

Amwās, or Nicopolis . - - - - 22 Roof of the Mosque . - - - - 38

Women of the Hill Country of Judaea - - 24 Arrangement of Tombs in the Cave 39

Wady es-Sumt and Kulónia - - - . 25 Abrahan's Oak, near Hebron 4o

BETHLEHEM TO THE DEAD SEA.

Head-Piece—Bethlehem . - - - * 41 Church of the Nativity 53

Initial—The Dead Sea . - - - - - 41 Convent of Mar Saba 55

Gate of Bethlehem . . - - - - 42 Wilderness of Judaea. - - 57

Women of Bethlehem . - - - - • 43 Northern Shore of the Dead Se .59

Shepherd of Bethlehem . - - - - 44 Southern Shore of the Dead Sea 6o

Eastern Gleaners . - - - - - • 45 The Dead Sea - 6r

Entrance to the Cave of Adullam . - - 47 Approach to Engedi . - 63

Interior of the Cave of Adullam . - - . 48 Makaur, the site of ancient Machaerus 65

Bethlehem, from the Shepherds' Field - - 49 The Dead Sea, near Masada 66

Interior of a Khan - - - - - • 5o Map of the Dead Sea 67

Interior of the Church of the Nativity . - 52 The Well of Bethlehem 68

JERICHO AND THE JORDAN TO JERUSALEM.

Head-Piece—Arabs of the Plain - - - 69 Elisha's Fountain, near Jericho 8t

Initial-Er Riha, near Jericho - - - . 69 Bathing-Place of Pilgrims on the Jordan 82

Plain of the Jordan, near Jericho . - - 7o Ruined Aqueduct near Jericho. 83

Arabs in the Plain of Jericho - - - . 71 Bethany - - - - - - - 85

Banks of the Jordan . - - - - - 73 Church on the Summit of the Mount of Olives 87

Sketch Plan of the Jordan . - - - • 74 St. Stephen's Gate • 88

Site of Ancient Jericho . - - - - 75

JERUSALEM.

Head-Piece—Church of the Holy Sepulchre - 89 Interior of the Church of the Holy Sepulchr Moz

Initial—Tomb of Absalom . - - - . 89 Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre . - - Iod

Plan of Jerusalem - - - - - 90 The Place of Scourging - - to 4

Ruins near the Church of the Holy Sepulchre . 92 Cave under the Church - - - - 105

Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives • - 93 Via Dolorosa . - - * - - 106

Walls of Jerusalem - - - • - • 95 The Mosque of Omar . - Io9

Street of Modern Jerusalem . - - - 96 The Golden Gate . - - - I I I

Sketch Plan of the Site of Jerusalem . - • 97 Projecting Stones of Robinson's Arch II2

Entrance of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre 98 Wailing-Place of the Jews 113

The Pool of Hezekiah . - - - - • 99 Jewish Almshouses • - 115

Plan of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre • IOI Pool of Bethesda - • - • - - 116

J ERUSALEM.–Continued.

Substructions under the Temple Area page 117 | Mount of Corruption . - - - - ... flage 124

Temple Area and Mount of Olives - - . 118 Tomb of Zacharias - - - - - - 125

Tunnel and Shaft of the Palestine Exploration Aceldama . - - - - - - - 126

Fund outside the Temple Wall - - 12o | Tomb of Helena . - - - - - - 127

Garden of Gethsemane . - - - - . 121 The Valley of Jehoshaphat - - - - 128 -----

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