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HE journey of which a brief account is

given in the following pages was undertaken in the early part of 1873. The object of the writer was to compare the Land and the Book, and by an examination of the topography of Palestine to illustrate the histories of Scripture. Had any doubt existed in his own mind as to the veracity of those histories, it must have been dispelled by the minute agreement which he traced between the indications of the narrative and the physical geography of the

country. No “fable,” however “cunningly devised,” no myth or legend coming into existence at a later age, could have adapted itself so precisely to the topographical details of the scene.

The main design of the present volume has been to trace these coincidences, and thus to elucidate and confirm the biblical narrative. Whilst he has availed himself of all the help he could gain from the writings of former travellers, he has in no case depended

upon them, but endeavoured, by a personal and careful inspection of the sites, to arrive at an independent and accurate conclusion.

In the Illustrations, which form so large a part of the present volume, fidelity rather than artistic effect has been aimed at. Many of the engravings are from drawings made on the spot, but a greater number are from photographs. Those of Messrs. Bergheim and Nicodemus of Jerusalem, and Madame Bonfils of Beyrout, have been largely used for this purpose; and the writer desires to express his gratitude for the liberality with which the Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund have placed their admirable series at his disposal.

The Maps are enlarged by permission of Messrs. W. and A. Keith Johnston, from their Royal Atlas Map of Syria, which for correctness and fulness of detail is worthy of the high reputation they have long enjoyed as chartographers.

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JERICHO AND THE JORDAN TO JERUSALEM, Head-Piece-Arabs of the Plain

69 Elisha's Fountain, near Jericho Initial-Er Riha, near Jericho

69 Bathing-Place of Pilgrims on the Jordan Plain of the Jordan, near Jericho

70 Ruined Aqueduct near Jericho . Arabs in the Plain of Jericho

Bethany Banks of the Jordan .

73

Church on the Summit of the Mount of Olives Sketch Plan of the Jordan

74 St. Stephen's Gate Site of Ancient Jericho

75

83 85

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87 88

102

Head-Piece-Church of the Holy Sepulchre
Initial-Tomb of Absalom
Plan of Jerusalem
Ruins near the Church of the Holy Sepulchre
Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives
Walls of Jerusalem
Street of Modern Jerusalem
Sketch Plan of the Site of Jerusalem
Entrance of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre
The Pool of Hezekiah
Plan of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre

JERUSALEM.
89 Interior of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre
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The Place of Scourging 92

Cave under the Church
93

Via Dolorosa
95 The Mosque of Omar
96

The Golden Gate
97 Projecting Stones of Rotinson's Arch
98 Wailing-Place of the Jews
99 Jewish Almshouses

Pool of Bethesda

103 104 105 106 109

III

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113 115 116

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The Mouth of the Jordan, Lake Hulch

213 Lake Hûleh, or the Waters of Merom

214 Hermon, from the Northern Shore of Lake Haleh 215 Hermon, from near Tell-el-Kadi

216 The Source of the Jordan at Banias

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