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HE journey of which a brief account is
given in the following pages was undertaken in the early part of 1873. The object of the writer was to compare the Land and the Book, and by an examination of the topography of Palestine to illustrate the histories of Scripture. Had any doubt existed in his own mind as to the veracity of those histories, it must have been dispelled by the minute agreement which he traced between the indications of the narrative and the physical geography of the
country. No “fable,” however “cunningly devised,” no myth or legend coming into existence at a later age, could have adapted itself so precisely to the topographical details of the scene.
The main design of the present volume has been to trace these coincidences, and thus to elucidate and confirm the biblical narrative. Whilst he has availed himself of all the help he could gain from the writings of former travellers, he has in no case depended
upon them, but endeavoured, by a personal and careful inspection of the sites, to arrive at an independent and accurate conclusion.
In the Illustrations, which form so large a part of the present volume, fidelity rather than artistic effect has been aimed at. Many of the engravings are from drawings made on the spot, but a greater number are from photographs. Those of Messrs. Bergheim and Nicodemus of Jerusalem, and Madame Bonfils of Beyrout, have been largely used for this purpose; and the writer desires to express his gratitude for the liberality with which the Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund have placed their admirable series at his disposal.
The Maps are enlarged by permission of Messrs. W. and A. Keith Johnston, from their Royal Atlas Map of Syria, which for correctness and fulness of detail is worthy of the high reputation they have long enjoyed as chartographers.
JERICHO AND THE JORDAN TO JERUSALEM, Head-Piece-Arabs of the Plain
69 Elisha's Fountain, near Jericho Initial-Er Riha, near Jericho
69 Bathing-Place of Pilgrims on the Jordan Plain of the Jordan, near Jericho
70 Ruined Aqueduct near Jericho . Arabs in the Plain of Jericho
Bethany Banks of the Jordan .
Church on the Summit of the Mount of Olives Sketch Plan of the Jordan
74 St. Stephen's Gate Site of Ancient Jericho
Head-Piece-Church of the Holy Sepulchre
Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre
The Place of Scourging 92
Cave under the Church
The Golden Gate
Pool of Bethesda
103 104 105 106 109
113 115 116