תמונות בעמוד
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CHAP, V. :::::..:This chapter is a repetition of what we find in Exodu xix. and x8. T A ND Moses called all Israel, and said unto them, Hear, r. 01 O Israel, the statutes and judgments which I speak in

your ears this day, that ye may learn them, and keep, and do 2 them., The LORD our God made a covenant with us in Hon ,3 reb. The Lord made not this covenant with our fathers, .. but with us, (even] us, who [are] all of us here aliye this day. 4 The Lord talked with you face to face in the mount out of 5 the midst of the fire, (I stood between the LORD and you at

that time, to show you the word of the LORD ; for ye were ., afraid by reason of the fire, and went not up into the mount ;) ... saying,

6 I (am) the LORD thy God, which brought thee out of the 17 land of Egypt, from the house of bondage, Thou shalt have

none other gods before me. Thou shalt not make thee [any] :graven image, [or) any likeness (of any thing] that (is) in

heaven above, or that [is] in the earth beneath, or that (is) in 9 the waters beneath the earth : Thou shalt not bow down

thyself unto them, nor serve them : for I the LORD thy God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon

the children unto the third and fourth (generation) of them 10 that hate mc, And showing mercy unto thousands of them 11 that love me and keep my commandments, Thou shalt not

take the name of the LORD thy God in vain : for the LORD

will not hold [him) guiltless, that taketh his name in vain, 12 Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD thy God 13 hath commanded thee. Six days shalt thou labour, and do 14 all thy work : But the seventh day [is] the sabbath of the

LORD thy God : [in it) thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy man servant, nor thy maid servant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that [is] within thy gates ; that thy.

man servant and thy maid servant may rest as well as thou. 15 And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt,

and (that) the LORD thy God brought theç put thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm : therefore the

LORD thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath day. 16 Honour thy father and thy mother, as the LORD thy God

hath commanded thee ; that thy days may be prolonged, and

that it may go well with thee, in the land which the LORD thy 17 18 God giveth thee, Thou shalt not kill. Neither shalt 19 20 thou commit adultery. Neither shalt thou steal. Neither 21 shalt thou bear false witness against thy neighbour. Neither

shalt thou desire thy neighbour's wife, neither shalt thou cov. et thy neighbour's house, his field, or his man servant, or his

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maid servant, his ox, or his ass, or any [thing] that [is] thy

neighbour's. 22 These words the LORD spake unto all your assembly in the

mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice': and he added 'no more. And he wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me.

And it came to pass when ye heard the voice out of the midst of the darkness, (for the mountain did burn with fire)

that ye came near unto me, (even] all the heads of your 24 tribes, and your elders ; And ye said, Behold, the LORD our

God hath showed us his glory and his greatness, and we have

heard his voice out of the midst of the fire : we have seen 35 this day that God doth talk with man, and he liveth. Now

therefore why should we die ? for this great fire will consume

us : if we hear the voice of the LORD our God any more, 26 then we shall die. For who is there of] all flesh that hath

heard the voice of the living God speaking out of the midst of 27 the fire, as we have,] and lived ? Gọ thou near, and hear

all that the LORD our God shall say : and speak thou unto us

all that the LORD our God shall speak unto thee ; and we 28 will hear [it,) and do [it.] And the LORD heard the voice

of your words, when ye spake unto'me ; and the LORD said , unto me, I have heard the voice of the words of this people,

which they have spoken unto thee : they have well said all 29 that they have spoken." O that there were such an heart in

them, that they would fear me, and keep all my commandinents

always, that it might be well with them, and with their chil30 dren for ever! Go say to them, Get you into your tents again. 31 But as for thee, stand thou here by me, and I will speak unto

thee all the commandments, and the statutes, and the judg

ments, which thou shalt teach them, that they may do (them) 32 in the land which I give them to possess it. Ye shall observe

to do therefore as the LORD your God hath commanded you : 33 ye shall not turn aside to the right hand or to the left. Ye

shall walk in all the ways which the LORD your God hath commanded you, that ye may live, and (that it may be) well with you, and (that) ye may prolong (your) days in the land which ye shall possess,

CHAP. VI, Moses having repeated the ten commandments in the former chapter,

here explains the first, and exhorts them to obedience. : I N O W these [are] the commandments of the moral law,

IV the statutes of the ceremonial law, and the judgments of the judicial law, which the LORD your God commanded

to teach you, that ye might do (them) in the land whither 2 ye go to possess it : That thou mightest fear the LORD thy

God, to keep all his statutes, and his commandments which I command thee, thou, and thy son, and thy son's son, all the days of thy life ; and that thy days may be prolonged, that

thou mayest procure length of days, and all desirable prosperity. 3 Hear therefore, O Israel, and observe to do [it,] that it may

be well with thee, and that ye may increase mightily, as the Lord God of thy fathers hath promised thee, in the land that floweth with milk and honey.

Hear, O Israel : the Lord our God [is] one LORD ; one supireme, selfexistent, underived Being, who alone is worthy of

supreme adoration and worship. Their firm belief of this, 5 would be their best guard against idolatry, And thou shalt

love the LORD thy God with all thine heart ; its foundation must be laid in the understanding, in believing in God, and know. ing what he is ; and with all thy soul, thy will and affections must

be influenced by it ; and with all thy might, with the utmost 6 ability of both ;, thus did Josiah, 2 Kings xxiii. 25. And these

words which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart;

this is one method to promote the love of God, to treasure up in your hearts these important admonitions : And another is, thou

shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, rub it on their minds over and over again, as we whet a tool ; the Hebrew sig. nifies to whet, or sharpen; giving them line upon line, and precept upon precept ; especially this great principle, the unity of God; and this first precept, to love him with all their hearts ; and thou shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house,

and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, 8 and when thou risest up. And thou shalt bind them for a

sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets between 9 thine eyes. And thou shalt write them upon the posts of thy

house, and on thy gates : thou shalt take great pains to keen

up the remembrance of God's power.* 10 And it shall be, when the LORD thy God shall have brought

thee into the land which he sware unto thy fathers, to Abra

• The Jews took this literally, and wrote texts of scripture on little scrolls of parch. ment, which they wore on their foreheads, on their wrists, in the skirts of their garments, and nailed them to their door posss ; for this our Lord reprove them. Matt,

xxiii. 5.

ham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give thee great and goodly cities, 11 which thou buildedst pot; And houses full of all good [things,

which thou filledst not, and wells digged, which thou dig..gedst not, vineyards and olive trees, which thou plantedst pots

when thou shalt have eaten and be full ; Moscs speaks of these

things with great assurance, as what would certainly come to pass, 12 and adds, (Then) beware lest thou forget the LORD, which

brought thee forth out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage ; let not prosperity make thee forget God, but remember Egyfit, and the wonderful alipearances of God in bring

ing you from thence. Then follow some general precents of 13 great importance : Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God, and • serve him, and shalt swear by his name only, when called to 14 take a solemn oath, and not by idols, or any creature.* Ye shall

not go after other gods, of the gods of the people which are] 15 found about you ; (For the Lord thy God [is] a jealous God • among you) lest the anger of the LORD thy God be kindled • against thee, and destroy thee from off the face of the earth. 16 Ye shall not tempt the LORD your God, by doubting of his wis,

dom, power, or goodness, as ye tempted (him] in Massah. 17 Ye shall diligently keep the commandments of the LORD your

God, and his testimonies, and his statutes, which he hath 18 commanded thee. And thou shalt do (that which is) right • and good in the sight of the LORD, not following your own fan. * cies, or superstitious inventions : that it may be well with thee, 9 and that thou mayest go in and possess the good land which 19 the Lord sware unto thy fathers, To cast out all thine ene- mies from before thee, to drive out all the Canaanites, as the • Lord hath spoken ; otherwise they will tempt thce to idolatry. 20 (And] when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, : What (mean] the testimonies, and the statutes, and the judg, iments, which the LORD our God hath commanded you? 21 Then thou shalt say unto thy son, We were Pharaoh's bond. - men in Egypt; and the LORD brought us out of Egypt with 22 a mighty hand : And the LORD showed signs and wonders, : great and sore, upon Egypt, upon Pharaoh, and upon all his 23 household, before our eyes : And he brought us out from

thence, that he might bring us in, to give us the land which 24 he sware unto our fathers. And the LORD commanded us to

do all these statutes, to fear the LORD our God, for our good

always, that he might preserve us alive, as [it is) at this day. 25 And it shall be our righteousness, if we observe to do all these

commandments before the LORD our God, as he hath com

.. Our Lord gnotes this text in reply to the tempter, Maft. iv. 10. with the addition of the word only. Without this word his reply seems not conclusive. It is probable, therefore, that word was originally in the text ; for, without it, the text does not clearly condurn that regard to other deities, which some of thein maintainod in common with TEHOVAM, and which it was certainly the intention of Moses in those words to condean. Edit. ,

5. manded us; we shall be owned, and pronounced by God to be

Bruly righteous and holy persons, if we sincerely obey him.* i

REFLECTIONS.
TTT E are here taught, that the infinite and eternal Je-

VV hovah should have the chief place in our thoughts, affections and regards. We, as christians, enjoy great advantages for the knowledge, fear, love, and worship of God. We believe his unity ; that there is one only living and true God; and though there are gods many, and lords many ; yet to us there is but one God, from whom all other beings are derived, and upon whom all are dependent. Such are the first principles of religfon. Moses and the prophets taught it, and Christ inculcated it. The first great command of the New Testament is, to love the Lord thy God, to entertain the highest esteem for him, the greatest delight in him, a readiness to do his will and to submit to his proposals. Yea, the whole duty of man is, to fear God and keep his commandments. It is our duty also to rely on his providence, not to tempt him by murmuring and fretfulness ; Ye shall not tempt the Lord your God, v. 16. Christ quoted this passage, when Satan tempted him to throw himself from the top of the temple, Matt. iv. 7. And as we should not distrust his care, while we are in the way of duty, so let us not presume upon enjoying his protection and blessing, while we neglect it. Let us tabour to do that which is right and good in his õight ; make his will and word (not our own inclinations and fancy) the rule of our lives and worship. May we consider him at all times ; and especially watch over our hearts in times of prosperity, that we do not forget God.

2. Great care should be taken to make the law of God familiar to our minds. We have no occasion for phylacteries, nor to write it on our door posts, for the word is nigh unto us. Since the invention of printing, bibles are in almost every hand. Let us then study them carefully, treasure up their contents in our hearts, and meditate on the rules and directions therein given. He that sincerely loves God, will love his word ; his delight will be in the law of the Lord, and in that law he will meditate day and night. * 3. It is a matter of the greatest consequence to the support of religion, that children be instructed in the law of God. They must be trained up in the way of God, brought up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord : be taught diligently the first principles of religion ; that there is but one God and Father of all ; that they are to love him as the author of their frame ; and,

The LXX tender it, and the Hebrew may signify, merey shall be to us if we obserne, and God will continue his kindness and good will unto us ; and in keeping his commande meats we shall find a great reward.

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