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Moses having recited the history of God's favours to the Israeliter

in the wilderness, and their sins and punishments, proceeds in this chapter to exhort them to obedience. N O W, therefore, hearken, O Israel, unto the statutes,

I the ordinances relating to divine worship, and unto the judgments, the laws relating to your firivate behaviour to one another, which I teach you, for to do [them,] that ye may live, and go in and possess the land which the Lord God of

your fathers giveth you, and not perish, as they did, by their 3 rebellions. Ye shall not add unto the word which I command

you, by devising other doctrines or ways of worship than what I have taught or prescribed, neither shall ye diminish (aught) from it, by rejecting or neglecting any thing that I have commanded, though it seems never 80 small; he then adds, a motive,

that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God 3 which I command you. Your eyes have seen what the LORD

did because of Baalpeor : for all the men that followed Baal.

peor, the LORD thy God hath destroyed them from among 4 you. But ye that did cleave unto the LORD your God (are]

alive every one of you this day, not one of 80 many thousands $ have died since that time. Behold, I have taught you statutes

and judgments, even as the LORD my God commanded me,

that ye should do so in the land whither ye go to possess it. 6 Keep, therefore, and do (them ;] for this [is] your wisdom and

your understanding in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statutes, and say, Surely this great nation [is]

a wise and understanding people ; this will be most for your 7 interest and reputation.* For what nation [is there so] great,

who (hath] God (so] nigh unto them, as the LORD our God [is] in all (things that] we call upon him (for ?] What nation hath had such signs and miracles, a God ready to hear prayer, to defend us from evil, and to bestow blessings? No people had

more interest in heaven, such tokens of the divine presence, such 8 righteous statutes, and regular worship. And what nation [is

there so] great, that hath statutes and judgments (so) right9 eous as all this law, which I set before you this day. Only

take heed to thyself, and keep thy soul diligently, lest thou forget the things which thine eyes have seen, and lest they

depart from thy heart all the days of thy life : but teach them Jo thy sons, and thy sons' sons ; [Specially) the day, the great

and memorable day, that thou stoodest before the LORD thy God in Horeb, when the LORD said unto me, Gather me the

• It was so in fact; Moses was applauded by the heathen nations; the Jewish laurs were adopted by them; and their oracles pronounced the Jews to be the wisest of men, because they never changed their laws.

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people together, and I will make them hear my words, that they may learn to fear me all the days that they shall live

upon the earth, and [that] they may teach their children. 11 And ye came near and stood under the mountain ; and the

mountain burned with fire unto the midst of heaven, with darkness, clouds, and thick darkness. And the LORD spake unto you out of the midst of the fire : ye heard the voice of

the words, but saw no similitude ; only [ye heard] a voice. 13 And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded

you to perform, [even] ten commandments; and he wrote

them upon two tables of stone ; these he recommends to their 14 peculiar regard. And the LORD commanded me at that time,

to teach you statutes, and judgments, that ye might do them

in the land whither ye go over to possess it. 15 Take ye, therefore, good heed unto yourselves, beware of

idolatry, which you are in most danger of, from the corrupt in. clinations you brought out of Egypt, and the evil customs of your neighbours, for remember ye saw no manner of similitude on the

day (that) the LORD spake unto you in Horeb out of the midst 16 of the fire; Lest ye corrupt [yourselves,) and make you a grav.

en image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or 17 female, The likeness of any beast that (is) on the earth, the 18 likeness of any winged fowl that fieth in the air, The like

ness of any thing that creepeth on the ground, the likeness of 19 any fish that [is] in the waters beneath the earth : And lest

thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, [even] all the host of heaven, shouldst be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the

whole heaven ; the heathens worshipped these, therefore the 20 Israelites are so expressly cautioned against them. But the

LORD hath taken you, and brought you forth out of the iron furnace, (a common phrase to express great misery) [even] out of Egypt, to be unto him a people of inheritance, as [ye

are) this day, and therefore it would be peculiarly ungrateful, 21 Furthermore, the LORD was angry with me for your sakes,

with me, his minister and servant, whom he 80 highly favoured, because I did noi keep close to his directions ; and he sware that I should not go over Jordan, and that I should not go in unto

that goad land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee (for) an 22 inheritance : But I must die in this land, I must not go over

Jordan : but ye shall go over and possess that good land; he

grants you the favour which he hath seen good to deny me, and 23 this lays you under the strongest obligations. Take heed unto

yourselves, lest ye forget the covenant of the LORD your God, · which he made with you, and make you a graven image, [or] the likeness of any [thing,] which the LORD thy God hath forbidden thee ; idolatry is the most direct breach of that covo

24 enant, and will be your ruin. For the LORD thy God [is] a

consuming fire, (even) a jealous God; he cannot endure it,

and will terribly punish it. 25 When thou shalt beget children, and children's children,

and ye shall have remained long in the land, and shall corrupt (yourselves,] and make a graven image, [or] the likeness of

any [thing,] and shall do evil in the sight of the LORD thy 26 God, to proroke him to anger : I call heaven and earth to

witness against you this day, that ye shall soon utterly perish from off the land whereunto ye go over Jordan to possess it ;

ye shall not prolong (your) days apon it, but shall utterly be 27 destroyed. And the LORD shall scatter you among the na

tions, and ye shall be left few in number among the heathen, 28 whither the LORD shall lead you. And there ye shall serve

gods, the work of men's hands, wood and stone, which neither see, nor hear, nor eat, nor smell ; there your sin shall become

your punishment, and ye shall be forced to worship idols, under 29 severe penalties. But if from hence thou shalt seek the LORD

thy God, thou shalt find (him,] if thou seek him with all thy 30 heart and with all thy soul. When thou art in tribulation,

and all these things are come upon thee, [even) in the latter

days, in future generations, if thou turn to the LORD thy God, 31 and shalt be obedient unto his voice ; (For the LORD thy

God [is] a merciful God ;) he will not forsake thee, neither destroy thee, nor forget the covenant of thy fathers which he sware unto them.*

For ask now of the days that are past, which were before thee, since the day that God created man upon the earth, and [ask] from the one side of heaven unto the other, whether there hath been (any such thing] as this great thing is,] or

hath been heard like it? Search the annals of the world, the 33 history of all former ages, and see, Did (ever) people hear the

voice of God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as thou

hast heard, and live ? and not be overwhelmed and consumed 34 by such a glorious appearance ? Or hath God assayed to go

[and] take him a nation from the midst of (another] nation, by temptations, by signs, and by wonders, and by war, and by a mighty hand, and by a stretched out arm, and by great terrors, according to all that the Lord your God did for you in Egypt before your eyes ? the wonders he did before Pha.

raoh, the plagues of Egypt, and their final destruction in the 35 Red sea. Unto thee it was showed, that thou mightest know

that the Lord he [is] God ; [there is) none else beside him ;

this was the design of all, that ye might worship and obey Jeho36 vah alone. Out of heaven he made thee to hear his voice,

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• The Jews apply this promise to themselves in the midst of their present dispersian, and cake encouragement from it.

that he might instruct thee : and upon earth he showed thee

his great fire ; and thou heardest his words out of the midst 37 of the fire. And because he loved thy fathers, therefore he

chose their seed after them, and brought thee out in his sight with his mighty power out of Egypt ; kept his eye of compas

sion and care upon thee, as a father on his dear child; and he 38 intends to do more still for thee, To drive out nations from

before thee, greater and mightier than thou (art] to bring

thee in, to give thee their land (for) an inheritance, as [it is] 39 this day. Know therefore this day, and consider [it] in thine

heart, that the LORD he [is] God in heaven above, and upon 40 the earth beneath : (there is) none else. Thou shalt keep

therefore his statutes and his commandments, which I command thee this day, that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after thee, and that thou mayest prolong (thy] days upon the earth, which the LORD thy God giveth thee

for ever, if ye be obedient. 41 Then Moses severed three cities on this side Jordan toward 42 the sun rising, toward the east ; That the slayer might flee

thither, which should kill his neighbour unawares, and Kated

him not in times past : and that fleeing unto one of these 43 cities he might live : (Namely,] Bezer in the wilderness, in

the plain country of the Reubenites ; and Ramoth in Gilead

of the Gadites ; and Golan in Bashan of the Manassites. 44 And this, which follows in the next chapter, [is] the law 45 which Moses set before the children of Israel : These [are]

the testimonies, and the statutes, and the judgments, which

Moses spake unto the children of Israel, after they came forth 46 out of Egypt, On this side Jordan, in the valley over against

Bethpeor, in the land of Sihon king of the Amorites, who

dwelt at Heshbon, whom Moses and the children of Israel 47 smote, after they were come forth out of Egypt : And they

possessed his land, and the land of Og king of Bashan, two

kings of the Amorites ; which were] on this side Jordan 48 toward the sun rising ; From Aroer, which [is] by the bank

of the river Arnon, even unto mour:t Sion,* which [is] Her49 mon, And all the plain on this side Jordan eastward, even

unto the sea of the plain, under the springs of Pisgah.

Not Zion in Jerusalem, where David had his royal seat; this begins with another letter in the Hebrew, and is another place; the same as Hermon.

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. ' W E are taught from this chapter, that religion is the

VV truest wisdom, and what we should be engaged to, by all that God hath done for us and promised to us. AB that he hath done for the church, in a way of judgment or mercy, was designed to promote obedience. These motives, which were addressed to the Jews, should come with greater force to us, as we have clearer displays of the selfexistence, eternity, greatness, and glory of God ; of his goodness to the whole creation, and to us in particular. We are distinguished by statutes and judgments superior to those of the Jews. Great things may be justly expectted, therefore, from a people so remarkably favoured. He hath hot dealt so with other nations ; firaise ye the Lord. The pure and sublime precepts of christianity demand our most cordial re. gard. The law was given to Moses in circumstances of terror ; but grace and truth came by Christ, in mildness and mercy. Let us cherish a grateful sense of our superior blessings, and with the voice of praise and thanksgiving, call on the name of the Lord. Let us wash our hands in innocency, and so compass his altar; and thus show we are faithful to his covenant. Remember that he is still a'consuming fire to his enemies, but rich in mercy to all that scek him in sincerity. Thus shall it be well with us in this world, and we shall promote our eternal interests, for godliness is prof. ilable to all things, having the promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come. May we all cultivate a truly religious character, and remember, that the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and a good understanding have all they that keep his testimonies.

2. If we would be religious, we should seriously consider these things, and take diligent need to ourselves. Observe the cautions in the ninth, fifteenth, twenty third, and thirty ninth verses; it is necessary that we diligently attend to the law of God, study it closely, and observe it exactly, without adding to, or diminishing it. Let us esteein all God's precents concerning all things to be right. Watchfulness and diligence are necessary, because the commandment is exceeding broad. The law is atso spiritual ; let us therefore walk circumspectly, and keep our souls with all diligence. We have various temptations, inward corruptions, and many bad examples before us. These considerations, therefore, call for the greatest diligence, that our practice may correspond with our profession. Let us willingly engage in these duties ; be thankful that we have precept upon precept; and daily pray, that God would write his laws upon our hearts, and enable us to keep them even to the end.

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