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ADVENT TRACTS.

NO. VII.

BOSTON, OCT. 1, 1844.

PARAPHRASE

OF

DANIEL XI. AND XII.

BOSTON :
PUBLISHED BY J. V. HIMES.

14 Devonshire St

Paraphrase of Daniel XI. and XII.

BY S. BLISS.

Before the communication made by Gabriel to Daniel, as recorded in these chapters, Daniel says in the 10th chapter:

In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia, a thing was revealed unto me Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the thing was true, but the time appointed was long; (extending to the end of the world ;] and he UNDERSTOOD the thing, and had [more perfect) understanding of the vision (of the 2300 days.)

In those days, I Daniel was mourning three full weeks [inquiring and searching diligently, that I might know more fully, what, and what manner of time the Spirit of Christ, which was in me did signify, when it testified of the time of the sufferings of Christ, and the time of the glory that should follow, in the vision had in the third year of Belshazzar, with its explanation in the first year of Darius. See 1 Peter i. 10 -12.) I ate no pleasant bread, neither came flesh nor wine in my mouth, neither did I anoint myself at all, till three whole weeks were fulfilled. And in the four-and-twentieth day of the first month, as I was by the side of the great river, which is Hiddekel; then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz: his body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in color to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude. * * * * * And he said unto me, O Daniel, a man greatly beloved, understand the words that I speak unto thee, and stand upright; for unto thee am I now sent. And when he had spoken this word unto me I stood trembling. Then said he unto me, fear not, Daniel : for from the first day that thou didst set thyself before thy God, thy words were heard, and I am come for [because) thy words (for understanding were heard.] * * * * * Now I am come to make thee understand what shall befall thy people in the latter days: for yet the vision is for many (2300days. * *** * But I will show thee that which is noted in the scripture of truth; and there is none

that holdeth with me in these things but MICHAEL, your Prince. * * * * * And now will I show the truth.

Behold, there shall stand up yet (after this time) three kings in Persia (Cambyses, son of Cyrus, Smerdis the Magian, and Darius the son of Hystas pes;] and the fourth

Xerxes the Great) shall be far richer ihan they all; and by his strength through his riches, he shall stir up all an army of 5,000,000 of men) against the realm of Grecia (but will suffer defeat. )

And a mighty king (Alexander the Great] shall stand up [in Greece,] that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will. And when he shall stand up, his kingdom (the Grecian empire) shall be broken, and shall be divided into four kingdoms, Macedon, Thrace, Syria and Egypt,] towards the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled : for his kingdom shall be plucked up even for others [his four generals, Cassander in Greece, Lysimachus in Thrace, Ptolemy in Egypt, and Seleucus in Syria,] beside those [his posterity.)

And (Ptolemy) the king of the south (Egypt) shall be strong, and one of his [Alexander's] princes; and he [Seleucus Nicator, king of Syria, in the north of Judea] shall be strong above him, and have dominion; his dominion shall be a great dominion. And in the end of Imany years, they (the kings of Syria and Egypt) shall join themselves together: for the king's daughter of the south (Bernice, the daughter of Ptolemy Philadelphus, then king of Egypt) shall come to (Antiochus Theus, who will put away his wife Laodice) the king of the north Syrial to make a smarriage agreement. But she (Bernice] shall not retain the power of the arm {of Antiochus ;] neither shall he [Antiochus stand, nor his arm [or seed;} but she [Bernice) shall be given up, [will be poisoned

odice, and they that brought her, sher Egyptian women, 1 and he that begat her, for as in the margin," he whom she brought forth,” her son,) and he [Antiochus her husband) that strengthened her in those times." But out of a branch of her root shallone (Ptolemy Euergetes, her brother,] stand up in his [father's) estaté (as king of Egypt] which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of (Seleucus Callinicus, the successor of Antiochus Theus] the king of the north (Syria,) and shall deal against them, and shall prevail; and shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes, and with their precious vessels of silver and gold; and he shall continue more years than (Seleucus) the king of the north (Syria.) So [Ptolemy) the king of the south (Egypt) shall come into his kingdom, and shall return into his own land. But his (Seleucus Callinicus') sons (Seleucus Ceraúnns, and Antiochus Magnus) shall be stirred

up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces. And one lof them, Antiochus, his brother Seleucus being dead shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return and be stirred up even to his fortress. And {Ptoi lemy Philopater) the king of the south (Egypt) shall be moved with choler, and shall come forth and fight with him, even with Antiochus the king of the north (Syria :) and he s Antiochus shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his (Ptolemy's] hand. And when he [Ptolemy) hath taken away the multitude [of Syrians,] his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands (of the Jews of Alexandria, his own subjects :) but he shall not be strengthened by it. For Antiochus, the king of the north (Syria) shall return, and shall set forth a multitude greater than the former [that Ptolemy overcame] and shall certainly come, after certain years, with a great army and with much riches. And in those times there shall many stand up against [Ptolemy Epiphanus,] the [infant] king of the south (Egypt:) also the robbers of thy people (the Romans) shall exalt themselves to establish [ör fulfil the things spoken of them in the vision [of the 2300 days.] But they [who stand up against Egypt] shall fall.

So [Antiochus) the king of the north [Syria) shall come and cast up a mount and take the most fenced cities; and the arms of the south [Egypt] shall not withstand, neither his chosen people, neither shall there be any strength to withstand. But he (Pompey, the Roman general) that cometh against him Antiochus, king of Syria) shall do according to his own will, and none shall stand before him; and he shall stand in the glorious land, (Judea,) which by his hand shall be consumed. He [Pompey) shall also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, and upright ones [or as in the margin, “equal conditions,” his army being composed of his equals, with many of the nobility of Rome) with him; thus shall he do: and he shall give him (Cleopatra, queen of Egypt] the daughter of women, corrupting her, [so that she will favor his cause for a while, but she shall not stand on his side, neither be for him sin his final contest with Julius Cæsar. ] After this [desertion to Julius Cæsar) shall he [Pompey] turn his face unto the [Grecian) isles, and shall take many. But a prince (Julius Cæsar) for his own behalf shall cause the reproach offered by him (Pompey] to cease; without his Cæsar's) own reproach, he shall cause it to turn upon him (Pompey.] Then (after the death of Pompey) he [Julius Cæsar) shall turn his face towards the fort of his own land (Rome :1 but as he is to be crowned emperor] he shall stumble and fall and not be found. Then [after the assassination of Julius Cæsar) shall stand up in his (Julius'] estate [Augustus Cæsar) a raiser of taxes, (see Luke 11. 1,) in the glory of his kingdom: but within few days he shall be de. stroyed, neither in anger nor in battle [but will die peaceably in his own bed.] And in his [Augustus'] estate shall stand up (Tiberius Cæsar, ) a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honor of the kingdom : but he shall come in (to imperial office) peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flaiteries. And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown froin before him, and shall be broken ; yea, also four Saviour] the Prince of the covenant (which God made with Abraham, (Gal. iii. 16,) will be crucified by those under his authority.]

And after the league (to be made with him (Rome, by the Jews, B. C. 158,] he [Rome) shall work deceitfully: för he Romel shall come up, and shall become strong with a small people, [that were once but a little republic on the banks of the Tiber, in Italy. ] He [Rome) shall enter peaceably even upon the fattest places of the province of Judea ;) and he shall do that which his fathers have not done, nor his fathers' fathers; he shall scatter among them (the Jews after their league with Rome the prey, and spoil, and riches, (taken from other conquered nations :) yea, and he shall forecast his devices against the strong holds, even for a time for 360 years from B. C. 31. when Rome triumphed over Egypt during the supremacy of Roman glory, to A. D. 329, when the seat of imperial power was removed from Rome to Constantinople, and the glory of Rome departed.] And he (Rome) shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the south, [Egypt) with a great army; and the king of the south (Egypt shall be stirred up to battle with the Romans, with a very great and mighty army; but he (Egypt) shall not stand : for they shall forecast devices against him. Yea, Antony and Cleopatra with their army, 1 they that feed of the portion of his meat shall destroy him [by their treachery and cowardice) and his army shall overflow; and many of his subjects) shall fall down slain.

And [when Antony and Augustus, after the death of Julius Cæsar, reigned jointly in Rome,] both of these kings' hearts shall be to do mischief (to each other,) and they shall speak lies at one table (each thinking to deceive the other ;] but it shall not prosper, for yet the end (of the Roman prosperity] shall be at the time for end of the 360 years] appointed. Then after the conquest of Egypt) shall he [Rome return into his own land with great riches; and his heart shall be against the holy covenant (which God made with our father Abraham) and he shall do exploits [in persecuting Christians, by which more than 3,000,000 suffered martyrdom) and s return to his own land. At the time appointed (when the 360 years end] he (Rome) shall return, and come toward the south

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