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Verse 5. And as I was consid-, Verse 21. And the rough goat is ering, behold, a he-goat came the king of Grecia. from the west, on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the NOTE. The he-goat is literally ground.
a kid of the goats—not of full strength when he first appeared, as
was the ram. Verses 5–8. And the goat Verse 21. And the great horn had a notable horn between his that is between his eyes is the first eyes. And he came to the ram king. that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power. And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns; and there was no NOTE. After the death of Alex. power in the ram to stand before ander the Great, his kingdom was him, but he cast him down to the divided among his four generals, ground, and stamped upon him; towards the four winds of heaven; and there was none that could de viz., Egypt, Syria, Thrace and liver the ram out of his hand. Macedonia. Therefore the he-goat waxed VERY GREAT.
Verse 8. And when he was Verse 22. Now that being brok strong, the great horn was broken, en, whereas four stood for it, four and for it came up four notable kingdoms shall stand up out of his ones, towards the FOUR WINDS OFnation, but not in his power. HEAVEN
Verses 9-12. And out of one of Verses 23-26. And in the latter them came forth a little horn, time of their kingdom, when the which WAXED EXCEEDING | transgressors are come to the full. GREAT, toward the south, and a king of fierce countenance, and toward the east, and toward the understanding dark sentences, pleasant land. And it waxed shall stand up. And his power great, even to the host of heaven; shall be mighty, but not by his and it cast down some of the host own power; and he shall destroy and of the stars to the ground, and wonderfully, and shall prosper, stamped upon them. Yea, he and practise, and shall destroy the magnified himself even to the mighty and the holy people. And PRINCE of the host, and by him through his policy also he shall the daily was taken away, and cause craft to prosper in his hand; the place of his sanctuary was cast and he shall magnify himself in down. And a host was given him his heart, and by peace shall deagainst the daily by reason of stroy many; he shall also stand up transgression, and it cast down the against the Prince of princes, but truth to the ground; and it prac The shall be broken without hand. tised and prospered.
And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told is true; wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it shall be for many
days. Verses 13, 14. Then I heard one Dan. ix. 24-27. Seventy weeks saint speaking, and another saint are determined upon thy people, said unto that cortain saint which and upon thy holy city, to finish the
gpake, How long the vision-the transgression, and to make an end daily and the transgression of des- of sins, and to make reconciliation olation to give both the sanctuary for iniquity, and to bring in everand the host to be trodden under lasting righteousness, and to seal foot ?
up the vision and prophecy, and Aad he said unto me, “ Unto Lo anoint the Most Holy, (or, two thousand and three hundred more literally, Holiest of Holiest.) days; then shall the sanctuary be Know therefore and understand, cleansed."
that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and build Jerusalem, unto the Messiah the Prince, shall be seven weeks and threescore and two weeks; the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself; and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy
the city and the sanctuary: and the NOTE. The word consumma-end thereof shall be with a food, tion is from the Hebrew word and unto the end of the war desokalah, and signifies completion, I lations are determined. And he consumption, destruction. It shall confirin the covenant with also comes from a root which sig. many for one week; and in the nifies to finish, to complete, to midst of the week he shall cause waste, to destroy; and when em the sacrifice and the oblation to ployed with the Hebrew venehera. cease, and for the overspreading tash, denotes destruction and de- of abominations he shall make it cree, or destruction decreed. See desolate, even until the consumGesenius' Hebrew and English mation, and that determined shall Lexicon.)
be poured upon the desolate. The connection between the 8th and 9th chapters is rendered more evident when taken in connection with the 25th chapter of Jeremiah.
The vision of the 8th chapter was seen in the third year of the reign of the king Belshazzar. And when it was all explained but the time, Daniel fainted and was sick certain days, and was astonished at the vision, but none understood it. The want of an explanation of the time, could be the only reason why it was not understood.
Fifteen years after this, in the last year of Belshazzar, that king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand out of the golden vessels that were
taken out of the temple of the house of God in Jerusalem--the king and his princes, his wives and his concubines, drank in them. “ They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone. In the same hour came forth fingers of a man's hand, and wrote over against the candlestick upon the plaster of the wall of the king's palace : and the king saw the part of the hand that wrote. Then the king's countenance was changed, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees smote one against another.” “Then was the part of the hand sent from him ; and this writing was written. And this is the writing that was written, MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN. This is the interpretation of the thing: MENE; God hath numbered thy kingdom, and finished it. TEKEL; Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting. PERES; Thy king. dom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians.” “In that night was Belshazzar, the king of the Chaldeans, slain. And Darius the Median took the kingdom.” See Dan. 5th chap.
Thus was fulfilled the prophecy in Jer. xxv. 11, 12. “And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years. And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the Lord, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations." This prophecy Daniel had been considering, and saw that the 70 years terminated that night in which
the king of Babylon was slain ; for he says, (ix. 1-3,) “ In the first year of Darius, the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans; in the first year of his reign, I Daniel understood by books, the number of the years, whereof the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem. And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackloth, and ashes.” He then prayed for the cleansing of the sanctuary
-the very thing that was predicted should be accomplished at the end of the 2300 days,-showing that Daniel expected that those days were literal days, and that they terminated with the 70 years; and that the sanctuary would then be cleansed. He prayed, “ O Lord, according to all thy righteousness, I beseech thee, let thine anger and thy fury be turned away from thy city Jerusalem, thy holy mountain : because for our sins and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and thy people are become a reproach to all that are about us. Now therefore, o our God, hear the prayer of thy servant, and his supplications, and cause thy face to shine upon thy sanctuary that is desolate, for the Lord's sake. O my God, incline thine ear, and hear; open thine eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by thy name : for we do not present our supplications before thee for our righteousnesses, but for thy great mercies. O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my God : for thy city and thy people are called by thy name." Dan, ix, While Daniel was thus praying, the angel Gabriel, that had explained all of the vision in the previous chapter, but the time, came to him, and corrected his error with regard to the cleansing of the sanctuary, and the length of the 2300 days, which were to extend to that cleansing. Daniel says, (ix. 20—23,) “ And while I was speaking and praying, and confessing my sin, and the sir of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the Lord my God for the holy moun. tain of my God; yea, while I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation. And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding, At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to show thee; for thou art greatly beloved; therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.”
What vision was he to understand ? Daniel says he made him know the interpretation of the 7th, and there is no vision in the 9th; it must therefore be the vision in the 8th chapter. That vision Gabriel was commanded to make Daniel understand; and he told Daniel he would make him know what should be in the last end of the indignation ; but Daniel says, after he fainted, that none understood it. The angel therefore must full his promise and the command at some future time; and he says he is now come to make him understand the vision. He must therefore give the information on those points, at this time, which would remove the ob