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(v. 9.) Thus Moses predicted of Rome in Deut. xxviii. 49: “ The Lord shall bring a nation against thee from far, from the end of the earth,” or from one of the four winds of heaven. Antiochus, on the contrary, did not come from a distance to Judea; neither did he come out of one of the four horns, for he did not cease to be a part of Syria, which was one of the four horns.
2. Sir Isaac Newton says that “ A horn of a beast is never taken for a single person : it always signifies a new kingdom; and the kingdom of Antiochus was an old one."
3. Antiochus reigned over one of the four horns. But the little horn was a fifth, under its proper kings. This horn was at first a little horn, but it waxed exceeding great toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land. This was true of ROME. But so did NOT Antiochus. His kingdom, on the contrary, was weak, and tributary to the Romans; and he did NOT enlarge it.
4. The little horn was to arise in the latter time of the kingdom of the four horns. But Antiochus was the eighth in the Syrian line of kings, which numbered twenty-five, and he therefore could not be in the latter time of that kingdom.
5. The little horn was to arise when the transgressors had come to the FULL. But the transgressions of the Jews had not come to the full in the time of Antiochus; nor did it, till they had crucified the “ PRINCE of princes," 197 years after the death of Antiochus.
6. The little horn was to be “a king of fierce countenance and understanding dark sentences." This was what Moses predicted of the Romans, (Deut. xxviii. 49, 50,) "a nation whose tongue thou shalt not understand, a nation of fierce countenance.” But this was not characteristic of Antiochus. On the contrary, Rollin says of him, that "He used frequently to go out of his palace, accompanied only by two or three domestics, and ramble up and down the streets of Antioch. He would spend his time in talking with goldsmiths and engravers, in their shops, and in disputing with them on the most minute particulars relating to the arts they professed, and which he ridiculously boasted he understood as well as they. He would very often stoop so low as to converse with the dregs of the populace, and mix indiscriminately with them in the places where they were assembled. On these occasions, he would sit and drink with foreigners of the meanest condition in life. Whenever he heard of any party of pleasure between young people, he used
join in all their wanton fooleries; would carouse and sing with them, without observing the least moderation or decorum. He sometimes would take it into his head to divest himself of his royal habit, and put on a Roman robe; and in that garb would go from street to street, as he had seen the candidates at Rome do at an election for magistrates. He asked the citizens to favor him with their votes, by giving his hand to one and by embracing another; and sometimes would canvass for the office of ædile, and at other times for that of tribune. After having got himself elected, he would call for the curule chair, and seating himself in it, would judge the petty suits relating to contracts of buying or selling, and pronounce sentence with as much seriousness and gravity as if he directed affairs of the utmost importance. We are likewise told that he was very much given to drinking; that he squandered away a great part of his revenues in excess and debauch; and that, when intoxicated with liquor, he would frequently scour up and down the city, throwing away handfuls of money among the populace, and crying "Catch as catch can.” At other times, he would leave his palace (dressed in a Roman robe, with a crown of roses on his head) and walk without attendants about the street; on which occasions, if any persons offered to follow him, he used to pelt them with stones, always carrying a great quantity under his robe, for that purpose. He often used to go and bathe himself in the public baths with the common people, where he committed such extravagances as made everybody despise him. After what has been said, (and I omit a great many other particulars,) I submit to the reader's judgment,
whether Antiochus did not merit the title of mad• man rather than that of illustrious.” [Roll. An. His. B. 19. Chap. 2. Sect. 2.1
Thus speaks Rollin of Antiochus Epiphanes, one of Nathaniel Colver's HEROES of Daniel's prophecy.
7. The power of this “HORN” was to be MIGHTY, but not by his own power. This was true of ROME, whose generals derived all their power from the people. But Antiochus was only mighty in i.iquity and folly, and acted independently of any restraint or external aid.
8. It is said of this HORN, “and he shall destroy wonderfully.” It is said that Antiochusdestroyed about 80,000 Jews. But ROME, in a single siege, destroyed ONE MILLION ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND of that nation, and scattered the remnant into all countries.
9. It is said of this HORN, “ He shall PROSPER and practise.” Thus did ROME. But Antiochus was frightened out of Egypt by a mere message of the Romans, and afterwards routed and baffled by the Jews.
10. This HORN was to DESTROY the mighty and holy people, which Mr. Colver says are the Jews; and yet, according to his own assumption, p. 49, that nation was destroyed by the ROMANS, A.D. 70, after Antiochus had been dead 234 years.
11. This HORN magnified himself even to the PRINCE of the host, and stood up against the PRINCE of princes; but Antiochus died 164 years before the PRINCE of princes was born; while the Romans did fulfil this prediction, in crucifying the LORD OF GLORY.
12. This HORN was to cast down the place of the sanctuary, which Antiochus did not, as he left it standing. But in Dan. ix. 26, Gabriel informs Daniel that after the seventy weeks the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary, and which Mr. Colver, on p. 50, acknowledges was done by the ROMANS. - 13. To give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot, by this HORN, the vision was to continue 2300 days. According to Faber, Prideaux, Mede, Scott, Bishop Newton, Sir Isaac Newton, and the universal opinion of our standard Protestant commentators, Daniel's prophetie days are years. But the profanation of
the temple by Antiochus did not continue só many natural days. Even Colver's famous tally of 1836 days varies from it 464 days.
14. If the vision was to continue only 2300 natural days, they would have terminated 300 years before the reign of Antiochus commenced ;
the Prince of princes, for to Messiah the prince there was to be but 69 weeks.
15. These days were to extend to the last end of the indignation, and the indignation is not yet at an end.
16. They were to continue till the sanctuary should be cleansed ; and Gabriel informs Daniel (ix. 27, that for the overspreading of abominations, he shall make it desolate even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate. The sanctuary is not yet cleansed; nor can it be till the consummation.
17. Of the ram, he-goat, and this horn, there is a regular gradation. Persia, which extended from India to Ethiopia, over ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-SEVEN PROVINCES, is simply called great. Grecia, of which it is said, " the third kingdom shall bear rule OVER ALL THE EARTH,” is called VĖRY GREAT. But the HORN, which represents the succeeding power, is said to have waxed EXCEEDING GREAT. even greater than the preceding pow. ers. The natural gradation would therefore be,
Great. Very Great. Exceeding Great. PERSIA. GRECIA. ROME.
How absurd and ludicrous would be, Great. Very Great Exceeding Great. PERSIA. GRECIA. ANTIOCHUS.