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South pushed at him. After reconciling matters, however, with the Mohammedans, as well as he could, he commenced his march through Egypt to the Pyramids, in sight of which they arrived on the 21st of July. Here a decisive battle ensued with the Mamelukes, in which Buonaparte gained an important victory. The effect was, Cairo surrendered to him, and Lower Egypt was entirely conquered. In the mean time, the French fleet, which was moored in the bay of Aboukir, was destroyed by Lord Nelson. After setiling the affairs of Egypt, he commenced, in the beginning of 1799, a march into Syria, with an army of 10,000 picked men. Feb. 15, he took possession of El-Arish ; and, pursuing his march, he took Gaza without opposition ; but at Jaffa (Joppa) the Turks inade a resolute defence; but the walls were carried by storm, and 3000 Turks died with arms in their hands. And from 1200 to 3000 more, who had surrendered, were led out of the town, and murdered in cold blood.
Buonaparte having ascertained that the Pacha of Syria was at St. Jean d'Acre, and was determined to defend that place to extremity with the forces he had already assembled for the invasion of Egypt, endeavored to seduce this ferocious chief from his allegiance to the Porte. But the first of Napoleon's messengers returned without an answer; the second was put to death. Buonaparte then moved on with his army toward Acre, in all the zeal of revenge, and ordered the necessary apparatus for a siege to be sent from Alexandria, by sea. · Sir Sidney Smith was cruising in the Levant, with two British ships of the line, and being in. formed by the Pacha of the approach of Napoleon he hastened to support him in the defence of Acre. Napoleon's vessels and stores for the siege sell into his hands, and he arrived at Acre two days before Buonaparte appeared in sight. Smith, and Phillippeaux, a French Royalist, were permitted to regulate, as far as possible, the plan of defence. Although the loss of his heavy artillery and the presence of two British ships were inauspicious omens, yet Buonaparte immediately commenced the siege. This siege continued for weeks to be carried on with great spirit on both sides. Meantime, a vast army of Mussulmen was assembled on the mountains, and was preparing to descend upon the besiegers, in concert with the garrison of Acre. Junot, a French general, was sent to oppose this vast army of horseinen, and was followed by Napoleon himself; and they succeeded in dispersing the army. The siege continued to be vigorously carried on, day after day, until Buonaparte's army was thinned before the Pacha's gallantry and the skill of his allies. At this critical moment, a Turkish fleet appeared in sight with reinforcements for the Pacha. Napoleon determined to finish the siege before the arrival of the fleet, and Smith was as determined to hold out until it arrived. But Buona parte's efforts were fruitless; on the 21st May, Napoleon yielded to stern necessity, raised the siege, and retreated upon Jaffa.
Thus “the king of the North," Syria, came “ against him like a whirlwind,” with “ horsemen," with “chariots," or wheeled artillery, and with many ships; two British ships, and a Turkish fleet. And he was defeated and driven back with great losses.
Verse 41. “He shall enter also into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown; but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon.”
In his march from Egypt to Syria, he stood in the glorious land, Palestine, and fought several battles, and also in his retreat he passed through the same countries. And many, not countries, but persons, were overthrown by him. But the Edomites, Moabites and Ammonites, countries bordering on Palestine, in consequence of his defeat at Acre, escaped him. He did not invade these ancient countries. Verses 42, 434" He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries; and the land of Egypt shall not escape. But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt; and the Lybians and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps.”
Although, when he left Egypt, he intended to go by land either to Constantinople or India, yet his defeat in Syria forced him back again into Egypt, so that it did not escape his grasp. He then became master of that ancient and renowned kingdom, and had power over all its treasures. The Lybians and Ethiopians, nations bordering on Egypt, were both at his steps ; but, in consequence of his sudden departure from Egypt, neither of them were conquered by him.
Verse 44. “ But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him ; therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy and utterly to make away many. After Buonaparte's retreat into Egypt, in the course of his negotiations, Sir Sidney Smith found means of sending a file of newspapers to Buonaparte, giving him an account of the disastrous state of French affairs on the continent of Europe. Thus tidings out of the north, from Syria, and the total failure of his East-India expedition, caused a manifest uneasiness, and in duced him to desert his army in a helpless and enfeebled condition, and make his way, with a single vessel and a few of his intimate friends, back to France.
He immediately commenced another Italian campaign, which in two months restored the Cesalpine Republic to the French dominions.
And for fifteen years, every successive year brought with it a fresh sacrifice of human life, to gratify the ambition of the insatiable Buonaparte. During that period, Europe was deluged with the blood of millions. In his Russian campaign, of an army numbering near 500,000 when he began his march, not 50,000 ever returned to their homes. And in addition to this, hundreds of thousands of his enemies perished. Thus, truly, did he “utterly make away many."
Verse 45. “And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas, in the glorious holy mountain ;” or, according to the margin, "" mountain of delights of holiness.”
A tabernacle is a temporary abode. “Taber. nacles of his palace” would be many temporary palaces. Such were Napoleon's. Between the seas with which Europe is surrounded, there was not a kingdom, with the exception of Turkey where he was not at one time or other master temporarily, of a palace, even to Russia itself.
Other sovereigns had their established palaces, and with their kingdoms transmitted them to their posterity, from generation to generation. But This mighty conqueror of the nations, although he possessed many palaces, yet had none abiding. « Yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.”
After the battle of Waterloo, Napoleon, the second time, abdicated the throne of France, and, finding his escape cut off, he voluntarily surrendered himself into the hands of the British, by whom he was doomed to exile on the island of St. Helena; where, on the 5th of May, 1821, amid a dreadful storm of wind and rain, which tore up trees by the roots, and laid waste almost all which came in its way, Napoleon's spirit left the scenes of earth, to appear before him who is the “ KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.” Thus he came to his end, and there was none to help him. · And the Bourbon family were restored to the throne of France.
Thus far, we can trace the fulfilment of the prophecy on the page of history. But what remains of this prophecy is yet to be fulfilled. It has been remarked that the time of the end began in 1798, at the time of the fall of Popery. That it did so, is proved by the fact, that, when it came, the king of the south, Egypt, was to push at an infidel or atheistical government, which was fulfilled in 1798, when the Egyptians opposed themselves against the French." And the whole prophecy, from the 40th to the 45th verse, which was more than seventeen years in being accomplished, was all predicted to take place at the “ time of ihe end." Nor is that all which was predicted to be