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PAGE Page our collegiate course:- THE IN quire R (continued):- Q. A. LITERATURE or ENGLAND: Bio- Macbeth, Act iii., sc. 4 ...... 231311,470 fool, Chonological, Critical, Marriage Ceremony ........ 23i 470

to :- “Mathematical Genius”.... 393

ImaginativeWriters (1600–1700)70,306, Milton a Unitarian ....... . 310 446 Murray, Lindley............ 231 396

Studies in English Literature:--
Milton's Minor Poems:–
At a Solemn Music............ 228
L'Allegro ............ 303,389,459
On the Death of a Fair Infant ... 147
On Time............. ......... 146
Song on May Morning ........ 69

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Mythology of the Classics .. 75 393

New Testament Greek...... 310 311
Penny Readings.......... ... 75 393
Pestalozzian Teaching...... 76 394
Public School Latin Grammar 75 393
Robertson, F. W. ....... ... 310 397
Science Debates............ 310 312
Scotch Prayers ............ 75 394
Shakspere Society.......... 75

Statesmen Living .......... 231.395,470
Sunday School Union ...... 75 152
Truth, The Test of...... .... 152

Unitarianism -------------- 3rd

societies' section:-
Dublin Athenæum ......... ... .... 79
Gladstone, W. E., on Sir W. Scott... 233
Huo. Professor H. T., on Liberal
Education ........ ------------ 153
RePonts of Mutual Improve
Ment AND DEBAting Socie-

ties :-
Ayr Young Men's Association.... 317
British Literary Union .......... 385
Edinburgh Dialectic Society...... 398
Edinburgh Dunfermline Literary

Society . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.18
Edinburgh Young Men's Christian

Association .................. 397

Hawarden Literary Instilution.... 233 Kyneton, Australia, Young Men's Association .................. 313 Roundabout Society ............ 78 South London Working Men's College . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153,316 Subjects Suitable for Debate, 77, 157, 238, 318 LITERARY Notes, 80, 159, 239, 319,472

London: J. & W. Ripsa, Printers, 14, Bartholomew Close, B.o.

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LONDON:
HOULSTON AND WRIGHT

66, PATERNOSTER ROW.

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LONDOY : PRINTED BY J. AND W. RIDER,

BARTUOLOMEW CLOSE,

PREFACE.

THought is the great power of life. Election implies the exercise of discriminative thought, and a vote is the practical and definite registration of the decision of the judgment on the matter at issue. There can be no genuine choice without reflective consideration, and the careful weighing and balancing of all the qualities that tell in favour of and against the subject submitted to the deliberative action of the understanding and will.

“Wisdom, of what herself approves, makes choice,
Nor is led captive by the common voice.”

To culture among men, a wise considerateness in estimating opinions, a careful deliberation in the weighing of arguments, and a cautious sifting of statements and inferences before accepting conclusions, are more than ever necessary, on account of the rapid and important changes which are taking place in social, political, religious, and intellectual life. Dogmatic thought is always fascinating to weak and facile minds, and those who are thankful for being spared the trouble of thinking for themselves. The intellect itself is too apt to take opinions in reliance on authority or prevalency, without rigorous investigation and calm but searching revision, and without inuiring how they can be co-ordinated and held together as a coherent system. ut now, when crude and indigested thought, when casuistic speculations and doubtful opinions may seriously affect the nation's material and moral well-being, the need for practical education in controversy has become more than ever important. Public reforms, though initiated by individual thinkers, are shown to be advantageous by general discussion, and are brought into consideration and prominence by the tentative efforts of controversialists to procure a hearing for them. Public grievances have little hope of being redressed unless debate tasks their advocates, and overcomes their defenders. Hence we affirm that critical controversy has an important office to perform in Society, and in the Church, on the Platform and through the Press. The essence of political and social influence is the formation of independent judgments, and these cannot be formed by those who devote themselves to the associations of a clique, the leaders of a school, the tenets of a sect, the opinions of a party, or the hobby of a favourite politician. He who contents himself with one view of a question, or the averments and statements of a specific organ for the diffusion and inculcation of any definite opinion, virtually closes his eyes, shuts his ears, and refuses to give reasonable heed to the means by which the whole truth on a question may become known to him. The larger proportion of newspapers and periodical publications exist for the purpose of promoting some given view, and appeal to the adherents of special opinions. Our serial endeavours to hold an independent place in letters as the organ of no party or creed, but of genuine critical thought, as applied to all the debateable questions which arise in the course of reflective thought and actual life. This practical training of the mind in the art of placing the arguments in favour of, or opposed to, any opinion fairly before the mind side by side, so that their force, power, consistency, and accuracy, might be tested, The British Controversialist has been endeavouring to supply, for many years, with, we venture to say, happy results, not only to its readers but to the

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